In france, black lives matter has become a rallying cry – news from al jazeera

Protesters from the Anti-Negrophobie brigade demonstrate against the police in Les Halles, Paris [Courtesy of collectif des Associations Unies Solitaires pour l’Afrique et sa Renaissance]

The protests in France come as the Black Lives Matter movement takes on an international dimension. Electricity and magnetism notes Recent protests have been held in the UK , Canada and Germany , with minority communities all voicing similar concerns regarding the treatment of black and brown bodies.

Franco Lollia is an activist from the Anti-Negrophobia Brigade, a group formed to counter anti-black racism in France. Gaz 67 dakar He has been leading some of the protests alongside the Traore family and says that there is some link between the Black Lives Matter campaign in the US and the recent protests in Paris, describing it as a “butterfly effect”.

But categorising this movement as a copy of the American one would ignore the unique factors of what exactly is causing such tensions in France. Gas and water Lollia explains that unlike the US, the current BLM movement is specifically linked to the country’s history of colonialism.

“You can only understand the relationship between minorities and their governance through the prism of colonialism; everything is fitted through this, for example racial profiling. Electricity worksheets grade 6 It is an inheritance from France’s colonial past. Gas mask ark What we see here today can be described as internal colonialism within French borders,” Lollia says. Gas monkey monster truck body Policing communities

In France a person of an African or Caribbean background is six times more likely to be stopped by the police [PDF] than a white person. Electricity lessons grade 6 For a person of Arab origin, the figure stands at eight times higher.

“The stop and search levels towards blacks and Arabs are high. Impact of electricity in the 1920s As soon as they see you are from a minority they target you. Gasket t 1995 It’s the same for all of us in the suburbs, racial profiling and intimidation by the police. Electricity synonyms Every day we live like this.”

In 2012, Human Rights Watch published a report showing that police used overly broad powers to conduct what they described as “unwarranted and abusive identity checks on black and Arab young men and boys”. Gastronomia y cia Children as young as 13 were said to be subjected to frequent and invasive stops and searches.

HRW presented evidence indicating that police in France use ethnic profiling when deciding whom to stop, rather than on reasonable suspicion of wrongdoing.

The use of insulting language, including racial slurs, were not uncommon, and some stops involved excessive use of force by the police, the report said. Electricity and magnetism worksheets 4th grade The stops are not systematically recorded by the police, which means the lack of transparency makes it incredibly difficult to assess the effectiveness or lawfulness of any such incident.

Repeated Al Jazeera attempts to solicit comments from police representatives regarding the situation, were unanswered by the time of publication.

‘Franco Lollia speaking at a Black Lives Matter Protest in the heart of Paris [Courtesy of collectif des Associations Unies Solitaires pour l’Afrique et sa Renaissance]

The recent riots that followed the death of Traore are not the first time the French capital has seen such unrest in the suburbs – known locally as ‘banlieues’. Electricity billy elliot karaoke with lyrics In 2005, a state of emergency was issued after weeks of rioting following the death of two teenagers, Bouna Traore and Zyed Benna.

The pair was electrocuted while hiding from the police at an electricity substation in the Parisian suburb of Clichy Sous Bois. Gas 66 An independent inquiry held after their deaths found that the friends were entirely innocent. Gas leak chicago Yasser Louati believes that their case is an example of the fear that some young people feel towards the police.

“They fled the police and died, but nobody questioned why young people would have run, even if they did nothing wrong. Arkla gas pay bill There is a feeling that if the police catch you they can beat you, leave you for dead and nothing will happen to them,” says Louati.

After a decade of legal battles by the families of Zyed and Bouna, a French court cleared two police officers of failing to help the teenagers – with the judge dismissing charges of them failing to assist someone in danger. 6 gases No one was held accountable, leaving behind what protesters describe as “a deep wound in the psyche of people” from minority backgrounds in France.

But this mistrust is not the only reason that some feel such alienation from French society. Electricity in the 1920s Many saw the unrest that followed the deaths of Traore and Benna as a reaction to years of marginalisation felt by some of the most impoverished communities in the country.

Currently youth unemployment in France stands at about 23 percent, but Yasser Louati says that in the banlieues the figure is much higher at over 40 percent.

In 2015, President Francois Hollande promised to end the inequality that exists in the suburbs, while Prime Minister Valls has described the racial divide in France as “territorial, social and ethnic apartheid”.

But many young people attending the BLM protests who currently live in the suburbs, feel that the current government has not worked to improve the situation, and that nothing has changed over the past decade.

“We are left out of opportunities, and there is no second chance through education because France is just too elitist. Electricity physics definition Nothing has changed since 2005; in fact things are even worse,” they said.

There is a feeling among the BLM protesters in France that depending on the police to rebuild trust with minority communities is not enough to stop things from spiraling out of control again, leading to further riots and unrest in the suburbs.

A greater level of transparency and accountability regarding the way in which they are governed won’t come about unless the people demand it. Gas after eating Access to education and employment for young people in the banlieues is the only way to close the inequality gap, which fundamentally will empower minority communities, the demonstrators say.

They argue that there is much that can be gained from unity, joining an international movement in what can be considered a shared experience of the treatment of minorities in Western societies can only serve to strengthen their struggle.