In miami, pregnant women cover up and stay inside amid zika fears gas after eating dairy

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It hasn’t been easy. Ever since health officials in July announced that four cases of Zika transmission by local mosquitoes were detected in a Miami-area neighborhood, Paradiz and her husband, Alex, have largely secluded themselves in their Broward County home.

They canceled a vacation, and have stopped taking evening strolls around the lake and swimming in the neighborhood pool. To walk the dog, Paradiz, 35, wears long pants and a hoodie, even though, at times, it’s 90 degrees outside. She has debated quitting her job as a sales representative to avoid coming into contact with a mosquito that might carry the Zika virus, which can lead to devastating birth defects — including an abnormally small head, called microcephaly.

Some expectant mothers are choosing confinement indoors to avoid mosquitoes. Women who before wouldn’t dream of drinking coffee while pregnant are now coating exposed limbs in bug spray, a tactic recommended by health officials. Some women have even considered temporary moves: leaving their homes, families and doctors to stay with relatives or friends far from a Zika transmission zone until they give birth.

"Patients are very anxious, and they bring up the subject of Zika with me before I even get a chance," said Dr. Elizabeth Etkin-Kramer, an obstetrician-gynecologist who is a past president of the Dade County Medical Association. "Before, this was an ocean away. Now it’s in their backyard."

At a regional meeting of obstetricians and gynecologists in Orlando last week, Zika was the main topic of conversation, said Dr. Karen Harris, an obstetrician-gynecologist in Gainesville, Florida, who heads the Florida arm of the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

"It’s hard on the patients, but it’s also hard on the staff, because we don’t have anything to offer but prevention," Harris said. "We can’t answer their questions. If you get Zika a month before you’re due, does that affect the baby? We don’t know. There’s total uncertainty."

Dr. Aaron Elkin, a Broward County obstetrician-gynecologist who treats a diverse group of patients from Miami and surrounding areas, keeps a basket of free condoms on the counter in his office’s reception area, along with containers of Off! bug repellent. Elkin spent every visit last week discussing Zika precautions.

One patient, Idit Zalouf, 37, who lives in Sunny Isles Beach just north of Miami Beach, is five months pregnant. She showed Elkin a bracelet she bought that she thinks will protect her from mosquitoes. Elkin advised her to use insect repellent that contains DEET.

Some patients are worried about Zika, but find it difficult to take precautions. Malorie Fitzgerald, 29, a part-time secretary who is 33 weeks pregnant with her third child, has been living in a homeless shelter near Wynwood, the first area of Miami identified as a Zika transmission zone.

Fitzgerald shares a room with 25 other people, and she said they are lax about leaving the doors closed. She also said she hangs blankets around her bunk bed to keep flies and mosquitoes out, to no avail. "I get bit a couple of times a day," she said. " But the mosquitoes and flies are horrible there."

Elkin runs an ultrasound, and reassures Fitzgerald that the measurements are normal. It’s not a perfect guarantee, however. Infections can occur at later stages of pregnancy, and the scan won’t pick up more subtle abnormalities caused by Zika.

But even the most vigilant efforts to prevent mosquito bites are not always successful. Lori Tabachnikoff, 36, who is 24 weeks pregnant with her first child and lives in South Miami, said she was fortunate because her employer, the Greater Miami Jewish Federation, located just outside Wynwood, has allowed her to work from home to minimize her time outdoors.

Even so, mosquitoes sneak in. She recently let a plumber into her home, and was soon bitten by a mosquito that must have slipped in at the same time. She said she has been bitten five times so far this summer, and that she and her husband recently went to the health department at 4 a.m. to get in line to be tested. There were already four couples ahead of them. They are waiting for the results.