In north dakota, the gritty side of an oil boom – the washington post basic electricity quizlet


More than 200 rigs are at work in North Dakota, and because the entire geological formation holds oil, the rigs hardly ever hit a dry hole. Oil output has more than doubled in two years and jumped 2015 electricity rates fivefold since 2006, to 609,503 barrels a day in April, providing about 3 percent of U.S. oil consumption and accounting for about 10 percent of U.S. crude production.

What to do with all that oil? Pipeline capacity is limited, and companies are loading it onto trucks or trains, which move it to refineries that turn it into gasoline, diesel and other products in other parts of the country. The Keystone XL pipeline that TransCanada has proposed to build would carry 100,000 barrels a day to refineries on the Gulf of Mexico coast.

The number of oversize and overweight trucks using roads and bridges in the Oil Patch more than doubled over the past three years electricity quiz ks2; the state issued 236,530 such permits in 2011. McKenzie County, with about 7,000 residents, needed nearly $200 million to repair roads damaged by the truck traffic. It is one of four North Dakota counties that rank among the nation’s 10 fastest-growing counties, according to a May 15 Wells Fargo Securities economic report.

Williston public schools are trying to figure out how to cope with 1,200 additional students expected next year. The Bakken Breakout Weekly, which the Bismarck Tribune launched in print and online last year to keep up with and get ads from the boom, reported that the 43 day-care centers in Williams County emitra electricity bill payment stopped taking names for waiting lists and in some cases stopped answering phones.

For many energy and national security policymakers, the Bakken boom is welcome news. North Dakota has overtaken Alaska as the nation’s second-biggest oil producer. Some oil executives believe North Dakota sits atop more than 25 billion barrels of recoverable oil, as much as the proven reserves under the rest of the nation. In 2008, after boosting previous estimates 25-fold, the U.S. Geological Survey said the Bakken formation held 3 billion to 4.3 billion barrels of technically recoverable reserves. Last year, however, the USGS said new technical information called for a revision, which gas after eating might ratchet the estimate higher.

Higher production here and in similar geological formations elsewhere, such as in Texas, could sharply curtail oil imports, reducing U.S. reliance on foreign sources, even if it does not bring oil independence, as many of its boosters claim it can. And while oil prices are set globally and might remain high, an increase in domestic production could help keep more of the money Americans pay for petroleum at home. The oil output from North npower electricity supplier number Dakota kept roughly $15 billion from pouring out of the country over the past year.

The biggest winners have been the few small to medium-size companies that bought up acreage in the Bakken formation over the past decade and hit pay dirt while the oil giants looked elsewhere. Even after tumbling over the past three months, the stock price of Oklahoma-based Continental Resources, the biggest leaseholder in the Bakken region, has tripled over the past five years; the company is worth $11.5 billion and holds mineral rights for more than 900,000 acres.

“We find ourselves being constantly behind the eight ball instead of planning for more services and water,” says Shirley Meyer, a state legislator from the Dickinson area. Meyer kite electricity generation says that the state, which collects a 5 percent production tax and a 6.5 percent extraction tax from producers, should give its western counties more money. “There is just not enough money to deal with the impacts,” she says.

Consider the plight of Katie and Randy Spurgeon. They are from Marcus, Wash., where Randy says “work just dried up” and they were in danger of losing their house. Katie found a job in the social services department of Watford City, N.D., then found a listing on Craigslist that advertised new trailer homes for $1,550 a month plus utilities. If the steep price were not bad enough, when she and her husband and two children arrived, they were stuck in a used unit badly in need of cleaning, Katie said. Even with the higher wages they make, they have just enough to cover the trailer rent and their mortgage back home.

Initially unable to find day care for the children, the electricity 4th grade worksheet Spurgeons brought Katie’s mother in from Washington to watch them after Randy found work, too, for an insulation business. All five of them crammed into an 8-by-26-foot trailer in a camp of more than 400 identical units. The ground was covered with gravel, without a single bench, tree or blade of grass. The oldest child, 4-year-old Lily, played with her toy dog in the shade of the trailer on a folding chair. Katie’s mother slept in a tiny alcove, and Katie and Randy shared the bed with their children. When Randy’s brother joined them, Katie’s mother slept on a hard couch between the Spurgeons’ bed and the kitchen sink.

In New Town, United p gasol stats Prairie Cooperative bought the litter-strewn and dilapidated Prairie Winds trailer park south of the train tracks. About 90 families, mostly Native Americans from the Three Affiliated Tribes, have called this home for decades. The new owner doubled the rents, according to residents, and then issued eviction orders to make way for new housing for oil workers.

Residents, who protested in the streets of New Town in April, must leave by Aug. 31. Tribal authorities from the Fort Berthold reservation belatedly stepped in. They electricity notes physics helped secure a new spot three miles outside town, but many of the mobile homes are too decrepit to move and people will be forced to buy new ones; one resident said they could buy FEMA trailers, but even those are going for $20,000, which they might not be able to afford.

“It’s nothing fancy, but it’s home,” said Mark Skibsrud, standing in front of an old trailer with a spongy floor, an attached entryway, a rusting motorcycle and piles of discarded household goods outside. He has lived there since 1997 but has gas exchange in the lungs occurs due to found a new place to stay. “I understand that the workers need a place to live, but so do the workers here,” he said.

Longtime residents of Montana and North Dakota are now locking their doors. Nelson keeps a rifle handy in his kitchen, and his wife, who often goes to work before sunrise, has a concealed-weapon permit. Stores in Dickinson, a town of nearly 19,000 where the average annual number of assaults from 2008 to 2010 was more than five times the average from 1999 through 2007, ran out gas efficient cars under 15000 of Tasers, pepper spray and handguns.

Finding workers is a challenge, too. A billboard for Precision Drilling says the company is “looking for a few toughnecks,” a play on the term “roughneck,” for oil worker. Whiting Petroleum has 180 openings in the area. “You can’t find the warm trained bodies that you need. We are in full-time recruiting mode,” said Jack Ekstrom, Whiting’s vice president of government and corporate relations.

Down the road, Jack and Carrie Wand­ler run a restaurant famous for its borscht soup and chicken, which they’ve been making for 41 years. (Their delivery truck’s license plate says “Borscht.” They prepare 35 or 40 gallons of it every morning.) Their business is up 15 to 20 percent because of the oil boom, Jack said. But they sometimes make do with two waitresses working split shifts instead of four or five. Or they draft their sons and daughters-in-law to wait tables. They have trimmed their 4 gas laws hours, closing at 7 p.m., two hours earlier than before.

Now the producers are getting gouged. Burlington Northern Santa Fe, owned by Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway, carries three-quarters of the oil transported by rail, often extracting steep fees. Ekstrom of Whiting Petroleum estimates that transportation has been costing North Dakota petroleum producers $13 to $19 a barrel, much more than normal.

At New Town, tanker trucks were pulling up to three tracks, each with gas in back shoulder a train of tank cars stretching far into the distance. Nelson, who serves on the North Dakota Wheat Commission, worries that the oil trains will interfere with trains carrying the harvest. Last year, he said, the harvest was weak, but if this year’s crop is normal there could be delays. His wife took a train across the state in June and was four hours late because of congestion on the rails.

There aren’t enough pipelines or gas-gathering stations to capture the natural gas that is found along with the electricity use estimator oil. So oil companies in North Dakota are simply burning — flaring — the gas. Decades ago, that was common, but today in the United States it’s virtually unheard of. Nationwide, the amount of natural gas being flared is well under 1 percent. But North Dakota is flaring 34 percent of its gas.

Ross says it’s hard to build plants to separate natural gas from its liquid components as fast as new wells are going in. Moreover, gas-separation plants and gathering systems are expensive. A small plant next to Whiting’s office in Belfield cost the company $200 million. Whiting beats the North Dakota average, but tgas advisors company profile it is still flaring about 20 percent of its gas.

On July 3, the World Bank issued a report on gas flaring that called North Dakota one of the world’s worst offenders. It is responsible for a more than a threefold increase in U.S. gas flaring. If North Dakota were a country, it would rank fifth in the world in flaring, behind Russia, Nigeria, Iran and Iraq. The greenhouse gas emissions from North Dakota’s flares are equivalent to those produced by 2.5 million cars.