Interview with shyam shrestha this leftist electoral alliance will move towards unification – interview – the kathmandu post geothermal electricity how it works

##############

Dec 11, 2017- Shyam Shrestha is a highly respected left-leaning thinker who earlier was the editor of Mulyankan Monthly, a magazine that provides a widely followed forum for leftist and democratic debate. In this interview with Mukul Humagain and Kamal Dev Bhattarai, Shrestha makes clear his belief that the new government of the left alliance will usher in a new era of economic development that others have failed to achieve. Shrestha, however, cautions the left alliance government that development should not come at the cost static electricity vocabulary words of social justice and democracy. One piece of advice he has for the new government is that a decision regarding the amendment that is currently on hold in Parliament should be expedited so that the Madhesi issues don’t stand as an impediment and the minority population doesn’t get the feeling that the new CPN-UML-CPN (Maoist Centre) government is insensitive.

Past instances show that Nepal has a tendency to lean towards the left. Let’s take the elections for the Nepali Constituent Assembly in 2008 as an example. There was considerable infighting amongst leftist forces while contesting for elections, yet they still managed to attain 62 percent of the votes. In the following elections in 2013, despite continual disagreements between leftist forces, they still managed to get 52 percent.

On top of all of this, the Nepali Congress (NC) did not present the public with a clear cut agenda that could have garnered them support. Perhaps if the late Sushil Koirala was the president of the NC, it would have been enough to sway the public. However, with Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba at the helm, the public were a bit wary of casting their votes for the NC. His past has been less than stellar electricity 101 video, with the monarchy wresting control from the state under his premiership.

The fourth reason is that, despite having had the most state control out of all the parties, the NC has still not managed to make any concrete progress. In contrast, the leftist parties had state control for about nine months, yet they managed to make some positive changes. For example, the country was experiencing power cuts that lasted 18 hours a day, and it was under the state leadership of the leftist parties that this problem was dealt with and constant electricity was provided. And when KP Oli stood against the unofficial blockade that India imposed on Nepal, his public approval soared. These are the sort of things that the public can relate to and appreciate.

If either the UML or the MC had undermined each other in any way during the elections, then it would have created a rift. For example, there was a distinct possibility that the UML supporters would not vote for the MC candidates and vice versa gas jockey. However, this did not occur and the relationship was only strengthened by the electoral support shown to each other.

The major issue to unification will be the ideology behind the two forces. On the one hand, the UML seeks to uphold an ideology based gas up yr hearse on the theory propounded by Madan Bhandari that is called People’s Multiparty Democracy. On the other hand, the MC seeks to propound the ideology of Prachanda Path as an enrichment of Marxism, Leninism and Maoism. So how the two forces will assimilate these two ideologies will be a major issue to contend with. There are differences between the two forces, and so they will have different views on the path to take for progress in Nepal.

This pledge of stability and prosperity is easy to make but difficult to uphold. Now that the left alliance has obtained a majority, it is time for them to show that they are committed to their pledge. Former governments have brought prosperity, but not in an inclusive manner. Villages and rural areas, and the poor and marginalised have been left out of the agenda for prosperity.

The manifestos of the electricity vs magnetism venn diagram left alliance have various pledges that are impossible to achieve. For example, the pledge to produce 15,000 MW of electricity within 10 years. However, there are others that can be accomplished. For example, an agricultural and industrial revolution, development in villages, and boosting employment in Nepal. But in order to achieve these visions, the government has to be committed.

It will be difficult for the leftist forces to deliver on these promises, but it is possible. They will be assisted by various things. For one, Nepal’s intelligentsia can help with development to a huge degree, and they are willing to do so. For another, the Nepali people are incredibly nationalistic and resilient. This was shown by the way they stoically bore the difficulties presented by the unofficial blockade imposed by India.

I have no worries in this regard. The leftist forces afford civil liberty as much, if not more, importance as the so-called democratic alliance does. They helped to establish this civil liberty, and if they do anything to impede it now, they would be undoing decades of their own struggle. And another thing is that in-party democracy in the leftist forces is greater than that in the NC. For example, in the NC 50 percent of the candidates are picked through elections and in the leftist forces, 100 percent of the candidates are picked through elections. The leftist parties also allow a greater voice for cadres within their party. I believe that the leftist forces are actually more democratic than the NC. So I have no fear that democracy will be impinged by leftist forces.

While I don’t see our government turning into an authoritarian one, I do see a possible problem in the arrogance of leadership within the leftist forces, particularly with Prachanda and Oli in power. However, the leftist forces have to understand that there are many other knowledgeable and capable leaders who can help in the running of the state. They bp gas prices columbus ohio have to solicit advice from such leaders regardless of their party affiliation if they truly wish for the country to progress. For example, Pradip Giri is in the NC, as is Gagan Thapa. Both could offer great assistance.

The UML refused to back the constitution amendments that would have allowed greater inclusiveness. They now need to rethink their stance. If they refuse to do so, conflict may arise in the future. The Madhesi forces believe that there is a division between the Tarai people and the hill caste groups. They believe that those in the hills seek to tamp down the rights of those in the plains. Madhesi rights activists such as CK Raut will not be silenced. If their grievances are to be addressed, the state has to address problems of inclusion and institute participatory democracy. Dialogue has to be opened between the government and the Madhesi forces to push constitutional amendments.

Corruption is the biggest problem in Nepal. It has to be addressed. The general public, political parties, bureaucrats and leaders all have to tamp down on corruption. Now, instead of looking gas city indiana car show for economic gains, we have to work towards upholding democracy. Governmental mechanisms such as the Commission for Investigation for Abuse gasbuddy nj of Authority (CIAA) have to be put into the hands of strong people with morals and integrity, who are committed to democracy and upholding the constitutionally stipulated rules and regulations.

Both India and China are ramping up trade. Now that China has introduced the Belt Road Initiative (BRI), it is looking to expand its trade worldwide. And if Nepal wishes for development of its infrastructure, such as hydropower, roads and railways, then being a part of the BRI will most certainly help. India has to understand that Nepal will do what is most beneficial for the Nepali state. And just because Nepal has develop closer relationship with China, it does not mean that India will be given any less of a priority. Nepal wishes for cordial and mutually beneficial relations with both China and India, but ultimately we will have to do what is in our best interest.