Iraq isis child suspects arbitrarily arrested, tortured human rights watch electricity and magnetism connect to form

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“Children accused of affiliation with ISIS are being detained, and often tortured and prosecuted electricity for dummies amazon, regardless of their actual level of involvement with the group,” said Jo Becker, children’s rights advocacy director for Human Rights Watch. “This sweeping, punitive approach is not justice, and will create lifelong negative consequences for many of these children.”

Iraqi children who have been arrested for suspected ISIS involvement say that once released, they are afraid to go home because their arrest automatically brands them as ISIS and makes them vulnerable to revenge attacks. Children detained by the KRG said they feared re-arrest by Iraqi federal forces if they return to Baghdad-controlled territory. This stigma can lead to permanent separation from their family and community.

Iraqi and KRG authorities use deeply flawed screening processes that often lead to detention and prosecution of children regardless of whether they have any involvement with ISIS, or the extent of that involvement. A 17-year-old detainee, for example, said he worked at a restaurant in Mosul that served ISIS members, and believed that his name appeared on a “wanted” list because electricity news philippines ISIS took his identification so he could be paid.

In November, Human Rights Watch interviewed 29 individuals who had been detained as children for alleged ISIS association by the KRG, family members of 8 other children who had been arrested by Iraqi authorities as ISIS suspects, child protection advocates, local lawyers, and other legal experts. In 2017, Human Rights Watch visited several detention facilities in Baghdad-controlled territory holding children suspected of ISIS association.

Of the children interviewed who admitted association with ISIS, most said they electricity symbols and units joined because of economic need, peer or family pressure, or to escape family problems or gain social status. Some said they worked as guards, cooks, or drivers. Others denied any personal involvement, though some said that family members belonged to ISIS. Human Rights Watch was not able to independently verify their possible involvement with ISIS.

Once children are arrested, security forces often torture them into confessing. Nineteen of the 29 boys and young men held by the KRG reported that they had been tortured, including beatings with plastic pipes, electric cables, or rods; electric shocks; and being forced into gas hydrates are used stress positions. A 17-year-old boy said his interrogators told him, “You need to say you were with ISIS. Even if you weren’t, you need to say it.”

Several children detained by the KRG said that they told a judge that their confession had been coerced through torture, but that the judge appeared to ignore them. Although Iraqi and KRG law require the authorities to provide access to legal counsel to criminal defendants, most of the boys said they did not know whether they had a lawyer, and that their hearings and trials lasted up electricity bill payment online no more than 5 or 10 minutes.

In federal Iraq, children are sometimes detained with adults in severely overcrowded and unsanitary conditions, with no access to education, rehabilitation, or contact with their families. Children held in the Reformatory for Women and Children in Erbil report better conditions, including good food and separation from adult detainees. However, children suspected of ISIS association receive no education, are confined to their rooms for up to 48 hours at a time, and are denied phone calls with their families during pretrial detention. Some also report that reformatory guards beat them for perceived misbehavior.

The Iraqi government and KRG should amend anti-terrorism laws to end the detention and prosecution of children solely for ISIS membership, recognizing that international law electricity and magnetism notes prohibits the recruitment of children into armed groups. They should release all children who have not committed other crimes and ensure their rehabilitation and reintegration. Children who may have committed other violent offenses should be treated in accordance with international juvenile justice standards. Authorities should also end all use of torture, investigate those responsible, and hold them accountable.