Is your landlord guilty of harassment physics c electricity and magnetism study guide

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• Raising Rent : Most states will require a landlord to give a tenant at least 30 days’ notice before the landlord is allowed to increase the tenant’s rent. If a landlord attempts to demand more money from the tenant without the proper notice, the landlord could be accused of harassing the tenant.

• Improper Notice: The landlord-tenant laws in each state will include the required notice landlords must give for certain events, such as entry, nonpayment of rent or evictions. A landlord may try not to give any notice at all or give the tenant less notice than legally required. For example, a landlord may have to give a tenant 24 hours’ notice before showing their unit to prospective tenants. If the landlord simply shows up, it could be considered harassment.

• Buyout: A buyout is when a landlord tries to get the tenant to accept a sum of money to move out of the unit by a certain date. The landlord may want to convert the unit to a condo, avoid dealing with the eviction process or force a rent stabilized tenant out of the property. Repeated attempts to buy out the tenant after the tenant has refused may be considered harassment.

• Physically Threatening the Tenant: A landlord could try to pressure a tenant using physical harassment. This could include using their body to block a tenant’s exit from a room, getting in a tenant’s face or even laying their actual hands on the tenant.

• Filing a Fake Eviction Against the Tenant: A landlord could try to get the tenant to move by sending a fake eviction notice to the tenant. For example, the notice may state that the tenant is being evicted and only has three days to move out of the unit.

• Construction Related Nuisances: If a landlord begins construction with the sole purpose of disturbing the tenant, this could be considered harassment. It could include working during early morning or late at night, leaving construction debris everywhere or physically blocking the entrance to the tenant’s apartment.

• Entering Unit Without Warning in an Emergency: A landlord does not have to provide notice to a tenant to enter the tenant’s unit in an emergency. For example, if there is a fire in the building, the landlord can open the tenant’s door to try to make sure no one is left in the property.

• Filing to Evict the Tenant for Nonpayment of Rent: A landlord is legally allowed to file for an eviction against a tenant if the tenant has not paid their monthly rent. A landlord will often have to send the tenant a Notice to Pay Rent or Quit before being able to file for the eviction.

• Sending Tenant Notice to Quit for Violating Lease Terms: If a tenant is violating the terms of their lease, the landlord has the legal right to send the tenant a notice to quit the behavior. If the tenant does not stop the behavior after this notice, the landlord may have the right to file for an eviction. Sometimes the landlord is required to send the tenant multiple notices before an eviction can be filed.

• Tenant Did Not Pay Utility Bill: If a tenant does not have heat or electricity because he or she did not pay their utility bill, it is not landlord harassment. As long as the boiler works and the electricity has the ability to turn on, it is up to the tenant to get current on their bills so their utility services are turned back on.

• Sending Tenant a Buyout Request: Landlords are allowed to offer the tenant a buyout to move out of the unit as long as they follow legal measures to do so. Check your local laws. Some states require the request to be made in writing, notifying the tenant of their rights, including their right to refuse the buyout attempt. A landlord is usually only allowed to make a buyout attempt once within a certain number of days. Repeated buyout attempts could be considered harassment.

• Document the Incident: If a tenant believes he or she is being harassed by their landlord, he or she should document any alleged incidents that occur including the date, time and nature of the harassment. The tenant should keep any evidence of the harassment, including a voicemail, text message, email, letter, photo or video that captures the incident.

• File a Restraining Order: With the proper evidence, a tenant can file to get a restraining order against the landlord. This usually occurs if the tenant wishes to move out of the rental property, since landlords and tenants will typically have to interact in the course of business.

A landlord could be fined between $1,000 and 10,000 for each harassment offense they are convicted of. In addition, they are unable to increase the rent on a tenant who they have been convicted of harassing until the Division of Housing and Community Renewal lifts this ban. If a landlord in New York is convicted of a felony for physically injuring a tenant, he or she could face jail time as well as a fine.

Massachusetts has a Consumer Protection law which is designed to protect against unfair or deceptive practices, including harassment. The tenant can send a Consumer Demand Letter to the landlord within 30 days of the harassment and has the ability to sue the landlord in small claims court if seeking damages under $7,000.

Tenants in San Francisco are protected by Prop M. This proposition defines the actions that are considered landlord harassment in the city and possible remedies for the harassment, including a potential decrease in rent as well as the tenant being awarded up to $1,000 for each offense.