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An item is an object, that either randomly appears on-stage during a match or is summoned by a character’s special move, that can be picked up and used by characters. Many items can be wielded once picked up, while others apply an effect, and almost all can be thrown at opponents. Items are a large part of the gameplay of the Super Smash Bros. series, but problems with randomness and inconsistent risk/reward balance results in tournament rulesets universally requiring that random spawning of items be disabled using the Item Switch before starting the match.

If all recovery items are turned off in Super Smash Bros. Melee, the chance of naturally occurring items like the apples dropped by Whispy Woods on Green Greens and Chansey’s eggs recovering health is eliminated; the apples will all be projectiles and the eggs will either be explosives or drop other items. In Super Smash Bros. Brawl the same is true regarding the apples (since Chansey does not appear). Additionally, the vegetables on Summit will not appear if food is turned off.

Items appear from stage-dependent designated locations at various times throughout a match based on the frequency set in the Item Switch. Characters can pick up items by standing near one and pressing the attack button; items can also be grabbed in midair starting in Melee with the grab button, or grabbed during dashes and aerial attacks in Brawl and SSB4. Characters can only hold one item at a time (if Villager’s Pocket ability is discounted). If an item is left alone, it will eventually disappear, flashing briefly beforehand ( Pitfalls, Green Shells and Ore Clubs being exceptions). Items that are picked up by characters can be dropped or thrown with the grab button, and they may be dropped if the character takes a hard hit. The damage done by a thrown item depends on how fast it’s moving. Most items can also be swallowed in Brawl and SSB4, and in the latter, can even heal these characters when they do so, unless the item is an explosive.

In Super Smash Bros. and Super Smash Bros. Melee, the chance of a character dropping their held item when hit is (hitbox damage)/60. Thus, if a hit deals 6% damage, the chance of it causing an item drop on a given frame is 10%. Roy’s fully charged Flare Blade in Melee deals 50 damage, so it has a drop chance of 83.333%.

In Brawl and Smash 4 this probability was decreased; normal items now use the formula CEIL(hitbox damage)/70. In addition, certain non-standard items use different formulas. In Brawl, this includes Dragoon pieces and the Smash Ball, where the drop chance = INT(hitbox damage)/50. In Smash 4, the chance of dropping each Dragoon piece was decreased to INT(hitbox damage)/100. This formula also applies to the Daybreak. The Master Ball item also has a non-standard drop chance, but the formula is not known.

• Shooting items fire projectiles when used, typically replacing the neutral attack and neutral aerial of the user. They all have limited ammunition and will merely shoot blanks once it runs out. In SSB4, trying to shoot an empty item will instead simply throw it.

• Status items apply some sort of effect to the user, often beneficial but not necessarily. Some status items only need contact to be used (instead of needing to be grabbed). The ones that do need to be grabbed can be picked up even if the character is already holding an item; no such items exist in the original Super Smash Bros.

Very powerful explosive. If not grabbed within a few seconds of its appearance, it lights its own fuse and begins walking around, exploding on any character it meets. If it doesn’t meet a character it will blow itself up after a while. Peach has a rare chance of plucking one when using Vegetable.

Appears in three pieces that must be collected all at once; characters can lose pieces from their possession when hit or KO’d. Once one character has all the pieces the weapon assembles in their hands, which they can then use at their discretion to fire a giant laser across the stage, almost guaranteed to KO anyone it hits.

Appears in three pieces that must be collected all at once; characters can lose pieces from their possession when hit or KO’d. Once one character has all the pieces the Dragoon is assembled and flown into the stage for a one-hit KO ram attack.

An extremely powerful item. Its forward smash is among the most powerful attacks in all four games, being a one-hit KO in every one. As a throwing item, it maintains its high knockback and is a semi-spike. In Brawl, forward smash uses a unique animation. It becomes stronger when hit on the tip.

When thrown, attacked, or landed on, slides across the stage and damages everything it hits. Aims for nearby characters and avoids sliding off edges. A red shell can be obtained in Adventure Mode from a red Koopa Paratroopa but behaves like a green shell while being able to deal flame damage.

Turns the holder’s jumps into Screw Attacks. In Melee, applies for as long as the holder keeps the item, and a forced Screw Attack will be applied to those the item is thrown at. In Brawl, applies until the item wears off and does not need to be held in-hand once picked up.