J. horace mcfarland collection special collections electricity jokes


The J. Horace McFarland Collection consists mainly of photographic materials and watercolor paintings from the J. Horace McFarland Company/Mount Pleasant Press, a prominent American printer of nursery catalogs, horticultural books, and trade publications. The collection spans the years 1896 to 1963, and occupies 432 linear feet. The collection was in the possession of the J. Horace McFarland Company until 1991, when James W. Walsh, the company’s president, donated the materials to the Archives of the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. electricity merit badge requirements The Archives subsequently transferred portions of the collection to the Smithsonian Institution’s Office of Horticulture and the National Agricultural Library. The condition of the collection materials varies, with some in good condition while others are quite fragile. The glass and film negatives in Series II require preservation treatment and are currently unavailable for research use. There are no restrictions on the rest of the materials. The collection was described by Diane Wunsch in 2011.

John Horace McFarland (1859-1948) was an American master printer and horticulturist. Throughout his career, he advocated for civic beautification, and he became a leader in the conservation movement of the early twentieth century. His wide-ranging achievements made a lasting impact on printing processes, horticulture, and environmental protection.

During McFarland’s early years, his father operated a nursery and a small weekly newspaper in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. McFarland worked in both of his father’s businesses as a youth. These early experiences instilled the passion for horticultural beauty and the business expertise that distinguished him personally and professionally. He eventually purchased his father’s press. Combining the skills learned from these early experiences, he established a successful printing company of his own. He founded the J. Horace McFarland Company/Mount Pleasant Press, specializing in seed catalogs and nursery trade publications.

McFarland’s home, Breeze Hill, was situated on a 2.5 acre property in Harrisburg. The extensive gardens he cultivated at Breeze Hill were used to test plant varieties from around the world. These gardens also provided subjects for artists and photographers employed by Mount Pleasant Press to capture accurate representations of plant specimens for use in the company’s printed publications.

Over the course of his lifetime, McFarland wrote and lectured extensively on horticulture, printing methods, and civic improvement. gas meter reading He founded the American Civic Association in 1904, and served as its president for 20 years. Through his involvement in the Association, he educated the public about the benefits of civic beautification and promoted the conservation of natural resources. He also drew upon the Association’s influence to promote conservation efforts on local and national levels. McFarland vigorously opposed power company development of Niagara Falls and fought to preserve the Hetch Hetchy Valley in Yosemite from damming. After the latter effort failed, he championed the conservation of America’s national parks. He helped lead the effort that resulted in Congress’s passage of the 1916 legislation establishing the National Park Service.

In addition to his many other accomplishments, McFarland was a prominent member of the American Rose Society. He was instrumental in enlarging that organization’s focus from mainly commercial growing concerns to public membership, using his horticultural expertise and printing business to help popularize the cultivation of roses by amateur gardeners. He served as the Society’s president from 1930 to 1932, and he headed a committee that developed a method of identification and registration of rose varieties. McFarland operated one of the Society’s rose test gardens at Breeze Hill. For many years, he kept detailed records on hundreds of rose varieties, methods for cultivating them, and awards they won.

J. Horace McFarland (1859-1948) operated his horticultural printing business, the J. arkansas gas association Horace McFarland Company/Mount Pleasant Press, from 1878 until his death in 1848. His son, Robert, continued to run the company until he sold it in 1962. The materials in this collection came from the company’s records and span most of its existence under the McFarlands’ management, from the late 1890s through 1962. The collection also contains materials from the test gardens located at McFarland’s Breeze Hill property in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.

Included in the collection are photographs, negatives, transparencies, 35-millimeter slides, nursery and seed trade catalogs, horticultural publications, watercolor paintings, and rose cards describing the development and cultivation of rose varieties. There is also a set of miscellaneous papers from the J. Horace McFarland Company, which includes samples of print work that the company produced. There are ten series of items, most of which are in good condition, with some exceptions. Most of the photographs in Series I are in fair to good condition, although some have been affected by the warping of their mounting boards, discoloration, or water damage. A few items retain printer’s marks or masking. Some of the glass lantern slides in Series III are cracked. Many of the negatives in Series II are seriously damaged or are in various stages of deterioration. As a result, Series II is unavailable for use until conservation treatment can be completed. There are no restrictions on the use of the rest of the collection.

The bulk of the collection consists of photographic materials and images that were produced and used by the J. Horace McFarland Company/Mount Pleasant Press. Series I and II contain prints and negatives of images that were available for sale to McFarland’s customers for illustrating catalogs and other publications. Series III and V contain lantern slides and transparencies, respectively, that McFarland used in his lectures. Most of these images portray horticultural subjects, primarily plants and plant varieties along with detailed images of flowers, fruits, foliage, and plant specimens. Other subjects include garden, orchard, farm, and landscape plantings, as well as horticultural processes, such as transplanting or pruning.

Many of the photographs and negatives in Series I and II were taken at Breeze Hill in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, the site of McFarland’s home and test gardens. These series include images of plants, flowers, fruits, vegetables, and trees, along with examples of early- to mid-twentieth century landscape gardening. Boxes 110, 111, and 133 of Series I contain scenic images that include early twentieth century rural life, transportation, livestock, gardens, and parks. gas near me now Most of these scenes depict areas of Pennsylvania and the eastern United States, with numerous images of Harrisburg and Breeze Hill. Evidence of McFarland’s interest in improving public spaces can be found in such subject categories as “Wires and Poles,” documenting the unsightliness of telephone and electric power lines, and “Tree Butchery,” illustrating the effects of over-pruning. Series I Box 66 contains pictures of the interior and exterior of the J. Horace McFarland Company/Mount Pleasant Press.

McFarland maintained high standards for color reproduction in his company’s printed materials. Series VI consists of a set of watercolor paintings produced by McFarland Company staff artists, whose job was to paint pictures of plants growing in gardens in order to represent their exact colors. These paintings were used as benchmarks to achieve precise color rendering in the printing process.

Series VIII and IX contain nursery catalogs and trade publications from the files of the J. Horace McFarland Company’s offices. Many of these were printed by the J. Horace McFarland Company/Mount Pleasant Press. electricity distribution vs transmission Series VIII consists of catalogs from nursery businesses across the United States, the bulk of which are materials from the 1930s through the early 1960s. Series IX has several booklets on gardening, landscaping, national parks, and other horticultural topics. Several copies of the Finding-List of Plants at Breeze Hill Gardens from Series IX are housed separately in the Special Collections stacks.

The original labeling and filing systems from Mount Pleasant Press have been preserved as much as possible in the arrangement of the collection. Most of the materials are filed alphabetically by plant name, variously using Latin botanical names and common names. It is recommended that researchers check for both when searching in this collection. Subject terms other than plant names are interfiled alphabetically with the plants.

Series I consists of black and white photographic prints mounted on 8.5-inch by 10.5-inch cards. Handwritten annotations on each card may include the image subject, date, plant variety name, location of the subject, and other remarks. Some of the cards have information on the reverse noting dates and names of purchasers who bought the rights to use the images in their publications. Image subjects cover many varieties of plants, flowers, trees, fruits, and vegetables, along with landscape plantings, horticultural processes, scenic views, parks, and related horticultural topics. Series I includes extensive sections on azaleas, gardens and gardening, narcissus, roses and tulips. Arranged alphabetically by plant name (either botanical or common) or subject term (e.g., foundation planting, garden, lawn, scenic views, etc.).

Glass plate and film negatives representing the stock of photographic images that the J. gas finder mn Horace McFarland Company made available to its clients are contained in Series II. This series is awaiting preservation and remains unprocessed. There is currently no container listing for these materials and they are not available for use pending completion of preservation treatment.

The glass lantern slides in this series are predominantly color images depicting plant specimens, horticultural subjects, and scenic views. Lantern slides were used for image projection from the latter half of the nineteenth century until the 1950s, when they were replaced by transparencies and 35-millimeter slides. The items in Series III are presumed to be from the early twentieth century. The slides measure 3.25 inches by 4 inches and are individually labeled with the plant name or a subject term. Box 22 includes images of Breeze Hill. The series is arranged alphabetically by subject. Most slides are in good condition, but there are occasional cracked or broken slides throughout the series.

This series is composed of 35-millimeter color slides of plants, landscape gardening and scenic subjects. Slides are arranged alphabetically by plant name or subject term. Box 1 includes a 4.5-inch by 7-inch ring binder titled “Color Slides,” which consists of a typewritten list of slide images in numerical sequence, divided by alphabetical tabs.

Series V consists of mostly color transparencies of plant specimens, landscapes, garden plantings, and scenic views. The transparencies are housed individually in envelopes on which are written subject, date, and location information pertaining to the images. Some envelopes reference the record number of the corresponding black and white photograph from Series I. Box 1 of Series V includes a set of images of the J. Horace McFarland Company’s building interior, employees, and equipment, circa early 1960s. The series contents are arranged in a numerical sequence within alphabetical subject groupings.

This series is partially processed. It contains watercolor paintings of plant specimens, primarily detailed studies of flowers, foliage, and fruits. electricity experiments for preschoolers Most items are approximately 5.5 by 6.5 inches in size. The paintings are labeled with plant name, date, artist’s initials, and may include source information or additional remarks. Some paintings also have handwritten annotations about the color or physical features of the plant. The items in this series are arranged by the first letter of their scientific plant names. Interfiled with the paintings are printed images from catalogs, postcards, and other publications, and these are grouped with the paintings by subject.

Each of the cards in this series describes a rose variety. The cards are arranged alphabetically by the variety name and are 8.5 by 9.5 inches in size. The information contained on these cards may include the rose’s originator, date of introduction, plant and flower descriptions, growth and blooming habits, and any awards won. Some are accompanied by pictures or related clippings from letters or trade publications.

This series contains miscellaneous publications from the McFarland Company’s offices. A few issues of McFarland’s own publications, Breeze Hill News and The Cloverleaf, are also contained in this series. Subjects include plants, horticulture and gardening, floral arrangement, photography, national parks, and consumer guides. Six editions of the Finding-List of Plants at Breeze Hill Gardens published between 1925 and 1935 are housed in the Special Collections stacks at call number SB408.F56.

The bulk of this series consists of printing samples made by the McFarland Company. The samples are mostly rose plates, but also include images of fruits and vegetables, flowers, gardens, landscape plantings, and other subjects. The series contains a partial set of prints from Mary Lawrance’s Collection of Roses from Nature, which McFarland republished and sold in the 1930s. Also in this series are samples of logo artwork, copies of paintings that were reproduced for the McFarland Company offices, an internal list of employees’ telephone extensions, unmounted stock photos, and McFarland Company calendar covers. There is an oversize photograph of the front entrance of the J. Horace McFarland Company and a diagram of the gardens and grounds at McFarland’s residence, Breeze Hill.