Kriyat shema al hamitah – halachipedia a level physics electricity questions and answers

• When saying Krias Shema Al HaMita, preferably one should say all three paragraphs of Shema, but at least one should say the first paragraph of the Shema and then say Birchat Hamapil. [1]If one feels that one will fall asleep saying Shema in which case say Birchat Hamapil earlier and then Shema. [2] The Sephardic minhag is to say Birchat Hamapil before Shema. [3]

• You only need to say Kriyat Shema Al Hamita and the bracha of Hamapil once a night, so if you fall asleep and then wake up and you want to go back to bed you don’t need to repeat Hamapil. If you know that you’re going to wake up for some time and go back to sleep again, you should have in mind that your bracha should exempt the second period of sleep as well. [7]

• Sephardim, according to many poskim, shouldn’t say the Bracha of HaMapil with Shem UMalchut if they go to sleep after Chatzot (midnight by halachic hours). [9] Others hold that it can be said all night. [10] Syrians have the tradition not to say it with shem umalchut at all. [11]

• A person can recite hamapil if he goes to sleep at any point during the night even after midnight as long as it is before Olot Hashachar. However, if a person is going to sleep right before Olot Hashachar and he is concerned that he won’t fall asleep until after Olot one shouldn’t recite Hamapil. [12]

• If a person is on a night flight and plans on sleeping on the plane he should recite Hamapil since his chair is like a bed for that time. However, if one doesn’t plan to go to sleep and only accidentally dozed off he doesn’t need to recite Hamapil. [14]

• Once you have said קריאת שמע על המטה you shouldn’t speak, eat, or drink. Before one said the Bracha of HaMapil, if one needs to eat, drink, or say something really important there is a possibility to be lenient, and one should repeat Shema. However, if one already said the Bracha of HaMapil one shouldn’t make any interruption unless there’s a serious need. [15]

• It’s good to read the Bedtime Shema sitting or standing. If you already laid down, you don’t need to get up rather say it on your side, but it is forbidden to say it while lying on your back or on your belly, after the fact one fulfills one’s obligation in any position. [20]

• Before a person goes to bed it’s good to consider all the things he did that day and if he finds that he did a sin he should accept upon himself not to do it again. Also it’s good to forgive anyone who might have sinned against oneself. [24] If a person can’t bring himself to forgive someone who wronged him he should skip the הרי אני מוחל וסולח that says he forgives everyone until the day he is able to forgive them. [25]

• ↑ Shulchan Aruch 239:1 writes that one should first say Shema and then say the bracha of Hamapil in order to recite Hamapil as close to going to sleep as possible. Mishna Brurah 239:2 writes that if one feels that one will fall asleep while saying Shema one should say Hamapil first.

• ↑ Halacha Brurah 239:9 quoting his father Rav Ovadia Yosef that he retracted that one should say it even initially after chatzot. See Rav Ovadia’s formulation in Chazon Ovadia (Brachot p. 511). See also Orchot Maran 2:19:10 p. 834 where he writes that Rav Ovadia Yosef’s personal practice changed in 5771 to say hamapil after chatzot with shem umalchut. Rav Yitzchak Yosef Motzei Shabbat Emor 5778 min 18 said that his father’s opinion changed on the matter and therefore one should recite the bracha of hamapil with shem umalchut even after chatzot.

• ↑ Betzel Chachma 5:166:9 writes that since the bracha is established only for sleep at night even though one is going to later sleep during the night the bracha needs to recited at the time that the action that obligates the bracha is performed. This is cited by Dirshu 239:7.

• ↑ Piskei Teshuvot 239:3. Mishna Brurah 239:4 says that it is מותר to speak if it is important, but once you said המפיל it is a הפסק between the ברכה and the sleeping. The רמ"א says that you shouldn’t speak rather one should go to bed right after Kriyat Shema Al HaMitah. This is also the opinion of the Yalkut Yosef ( Brachot pg 664, 239:1) and Halacha Brurah 239:8. Yalkut Yosef writes that it is permitted to do something necessary after hamapil such as put a child back to sleep.

• ↑ The Chavot Yair in Mekor Chaim 239:1 Kitzur Halachot writes that if a person forgot to count sefira, daven maariv, or say kiddush levana before saying hamapil he can do so afterwards. Rav Yitzchak Yosef (Motzei Shabbat 5778 min 1-20) explained that Rav Steinemann is quoted as saying that a person who said hamapil and forgot to count sefira should ask someone to wake them up after a half hour so that they won’t make an interruption between the hamapil and sleeping and they can count when they get up. Rav Yosef argued that it was an unnecessary chumra since it is very annoying to go to sleep for only a half hour and wake up. It is permitted to count sefira after hamapil since according to most poskim hamapil is a birchat hashevach and not birchat hanehenin.