## Learn how to compare pension annuity rates electricity notes for class 10

If Joe chooses the 100% joint and survivor option, he and his spouse will receive $1,931 per month for as long as either of them is still alive. In this scenario, Joe is taking $319 less a month so his spouse will continue to have a substantial benefit upon his death. Think of that $319/month as buying life insurance. How These Pension Annuity Choices Compare to Taking a Lump Sum Distribution

To calculate the *internal rate* of return of the single life annuity pension choice, Joe should consider a few life expectancy options. First, use a present value of $347,767, monthly payments of $2,250 every month for twenty years, and nothing left over at the end.

This equates to a 4.76% **internal rate** of return. Then use the same numbers, with payments for twenty-five years. That equates to just over a 6% *internal rate* of return, and get Joe to age 87, which is a reasonable life expectancy estimate to use.

If Joe takes a lump sum distribution, he will receive $347,767. He can then choose to invest these funds however he wishes. If he follows a disciplined set of withdrawal rules, he may be able to create an income stream of 5% a year, have the ability to increase this income *each year* to help offset the effects of inflation, and retain control of his principal; however, he would need to follow a consistent investment strategy over a long period of time to accomplish this, and – of course – there are no guarantees that it would work in all market conditions. If it does work, here is the income Joe might expect: $347,767 x .05 (5%) = $17,388 / year initially, or $1,449 per month, with an expected increase **each year** to help offset the effects of inflation. (By the time Joe reaches 82, if the investments are able to support a 2% increase a year, his distributions would increase to $2,239 per month.)

Using a present value of $347,767, monthly payments of $1,449 that increase **each year** by 2% a year and Joe’s single life expectancy of about 20 years, and a future value of $347,767, this would equate to an **internal rate** of return of about 6.5%. This rate of return is assuming the funds are managed appropriately, thus providing the inflation-adjusted distributions while maintaining principal. Comparing Pension Annuity to Lump-sum Distribution

The question Joe now needs to ask is, “Is the additional potential return worth Joe taking on the risk of managing the assets himself?” Some people absolutely do not feel comfortable with the funds remaining in the company’s pension plan. Others absolutely do not feel comfortable rolling the funds out of the plan to an IRA and managing it themselves or hiring someone to manage it.

You must evaluate the pros and cons, and the equivalent rates of return, and make your own decision. In the past, about one-third of the time, a well-managed portfolio would have achieved an average annual **internal rate** of return that was less than 6%. This is because something called sequence risk can have a big impact on your returns when you are drawing money out. Don’t rely on the market to deliver above average returns in retirement.

Many annuity offers are quite attractive, especially if you factor in the potential of living long. Don’t pass over the annuity offer without an analysis and a strong rationale as to why the lump sum does not make sense in your situation. What about annuity vs. IRA.