List of natural gas and oil production accidents in the united states – wikipedia electricity and magnetism worksheets 5th grade


• 1969 – The 1969 Santa Barbara oil spill. In January and February 1969, in the Santa Barbara Channel, near the city of Santa Barbara, in Southern California. It was the largest oil spill in United States waters at the time, and now ranks third after the 2010 Deepwater Horizon and 1989 Exxon Valdez spills. It remains the largest oil spill to have occurred in the waters off California.

• February 23, 1999 – A fire occurred in the crude unit at Tosco Corporation’s Avon oil refinery in Martinez. Workers were attempting to replace piping attached to a 150-foot-tall fractionator tower while the process unit was in operation. During removal of the piping, naphtha was released onto the hot fractionator and ignited. The flames engulfed five workers located at different heights on the tower. Four men were killed, and one sustained serious injuries. [9]

• August 6, 2012 – A large fire erupted at the Chevron Richmond refinery. About 15,000 sought medical treatment for exposure to the smoke. On April 15, 2013, the US Chemical Safety Board released their preliminary report citing Chevron for a chronic failure to replace aging equipment and called for an overhaul of regulatory oversight of the industry to prevent such accidents from happening again.

• February 12, 2014, – Sulfuric acid burned two workers in a Martinez refinery’s alkylation unit, who were transported to the nearest hospital burn unit by life flight. The incident occurred when the operators opened a block valve to return an acid sampling system back to service. Very shortly after this block valve had been fully opened, the tubing directly downstream of the valve came apart, spraying two operators with acid. [10]

• July 17, 2001, an explosion occurred at the Motiva Enterprises refinery in Delaware City. A work crew had been repairing a catwalk above a sulfuric acid storage tank farm when a spark from their hot work ignited flammable vapors in one of the tanks. This tank had holes in its roof and shell due to corrosion. The tank collapsed, and one the contract workers was killed; eight others were injured. A significant volume of sulfuric acid was released to the environment. [26]

• November 29, 2015 – An operator at the Delaware City Refining Company’s (DCRC) Kellogg Alkylation Unit suffered second degree burns to his face and neck areas while performing de-inventorying activities on a vessel in preparation for the removal of a pipe spool from a connected process. This incident follows two other incidents at the same facility which occurred on August 21, and August 28, 2015. [28]

• November 30, 1980 – An oil rig contracted by Texaco accidentally drilled into the Diamond Crystal Salt Company salt mine under the lake. Because of an incorrect or misinterpreted coordinate reference system, the 14-inch (36 cm) drill bit entered the mine, starting a chain of events that turned the lake from freshwater to salt-water, with a deep hole. All 55 employees in the mine at the time of the accident were able to escape thanks to well-planned and rehearsed evacuation drills, while the crew of the drilling rig fled the platform before it was sucked down into the new depths of the lake. [35]

• October 24, 1998 – A catastrophic vessel failure and fire occurred near Pitkin, at the Temple 22-1 Common Point Separation Facility owned by Sonat Exploration Co. Four workers who were near the vessel were killed, and the facility sustained significant damage. The vessel lacked a pressure relief system and ruptured due to overpressurization during start-up, releasing flammable material which ignited. [36]

• November 22, 2016, – An isobutane release occurred in the sulfuric acid alkylation unit at the ExxonMobil Refinery in Baton Rouge, Louisiana which resulted in four serious injuries to workers and injured two others. The incident occurred during minor maintenance on a flammable isobutane line which failed, releasing isobutane into the unit which ignited. [38]

– Major crude oil train derailment in Mosier, a small town in the Columbia gorge spilled and burst into flames June 2016. The accident was due to railway dysfunction and bad parts. As of now, groundwater contamination is found at the site impacting wildlife. Pennsylvania [ edit ]

• February 11, 2014 – Greene County explosion, one injured, one dead. Later, the well owner, Chevron, apoligized to area residents by giving out free pizza. Chevron also blocked PA DEP personnel from the site for two days after the fire. [93] [94] [95]

• February 2, 1975 – A ruptured pipe connection on a gas well, near Denver City, released hydrogen sulfide (H2S). 8 people were killed while trying to evacuate their nearby home. A worker checking that well about an alarm was also killed. [104]

• October, 1998 – During heavy rainfall, the roof and sides of a Koch 50,000 barrel (2,100,000 gallon) above-ground storage tank buckled, discharging approximate 24,700 gallons of crude oil into Marcelinas Creek, which is a tributary of the San Antonio River. The spill occurred 1 mile northwest of Falls City, Karnes County, Texas, and entered Marcelinas Creek at flood stage. The spill was generally contained about three miles downstream. The floodwaters transported the oil laterally well beyond the banks of the creek, coating vegetation in these areas with oil as the floodwaters receded. The three miles of creek and adjacent riparian corridor, consisting of mature hardwood trees and improved pasture, provide essential habitat to numerous species of fish, birds, mammals, and reptiles. It took 17 years for the terms of settlement to be reached with regulators. [105] [106]

• January 13, 2003, a vapor cloud fire erupted at the BLSR Operating Ltd. oilfield waste disposal facility near Rosharon, south of Houston. Two BLSR employees and one truck driver were fatally burned. Four other workers suffered serious burns, but survived. [107]

• February 16, 2007, a propane fire erupted at the Valero McKee Refinery in Sunray, north of Amarillo. Three workers suffered serious burns, and the refinery was forced to shut down. The fire began following a leak in the propane deasphalting unit and spread quickly, in part because of the rapid collapse of a major pipe rack carrying flammable hydrocarbons. Some of the rack’s support columns had not been fireproofed. [109]

• March 6, 1935 – Five miles south of St. George, 70 to over 100 local townspeople gathered to watch the shooting of an Arrowhead Petroleum Company’s Escalante oil, well unaware of impending danger. The explosion occurred about 9:40 pm while six 10 foot long torpedoes, each loaded with nitroglycerin and TNT and hanging from the derrick, were being lowered into the well. All told, 2,500 pounds of nitroglycerin exploded and sent a shaft of fire into the night that was seen as far as 18 miles away. Ten people lost their lives, and more were injured. [126]

• January 12, 2009, 2 refinery operators and 2 contractors suffered serious burns resulting from a flash fire at the Silver Eagle Refinery in Woods Cross. The accident occurred when a large flammable vapor cloud was released from an atmospheric storage tank, known as tank 105, which contained an estimated 440,000 gallons of light naphtha. The vapor cloud found an ignition source and the ensuing flash fire spread up to 230 feet west of the tank farm. [127]

• April 2, 2010 – An explosion and fire led to the fatal injury of seven employees when a nearly forty-year-old heat exchanger catastrophically failed during a maintenance operation to switch a process stream between two parallel banks of exchangers at the Tesoro refinery in Anacortes. [130]