Making military bases and their communities more resilient briefing eesi electricity 1 unit how many watts

##############

The Environmental and Energy Study Institute and the Center for Climate and Security held a briefing on the relationship between military facilities and their neighboring civilian communities, and on the urgent need to make their shared infrastructure more resilient to natural disasters and other threats. Our panel of experts examined holistic approaches to protecting and maintaining supply chains, housing v gashi 2015, transportation, utilities, and other fixtures necessary for communities to thrive and for military installations to maintain mission readiness. The briefing also explored regional examples of these challenges and how local governments and Department of Defense (DOD) officials are working together to devise solutions.

• The proposed Presidential Committee on Climate Security, spearheaded by the National Security Council, would likely call into question the government’s own climate change science even though it is the result of years of peer-reviewed work. The Foundation is very concerned about such politicization of climate change research, which threatens to undermine the scientific process.

• “ Coastal Virginia is in the grip of a slow-moving and relentless existential threat from rising waters and recurrent flooding caused by rain, wind, tides, storms, and any combination of those.” Coastal Virginia has the highest rate of sea level change on the East Coast gas in dogs due to the combination of rising sea levels and subsiding land. “This creates a serious and growing menace to our military, federal facilities, and community readiness, resilience, and therefore to our nation’s ability to prepare for and execute our national defense strategy.” Coastal military installations are at the front lines and are “a crucible for a range of challenges.”

• RC 1701, Risk Quantification for Sustaining Coastal Military Installation Assets and Mission Capabilities—a report by the Department of Defense—concluded that “ sea level rise is a significant and pervasive threat multiplier to mission sustainability … it dramatically increases risk to system capabilities and service provisioning 76 gas station hours and logistics.” The probability of losses increases dramatically at only 0.5 meters (1.6 feet) of sea level rise. The Virginia Institute of Marine Science assesses that we will experience that additional half meter of sea level rise on or around 2050.

• Hampton Roads, in southeast Virginia, is home to exceptional defense infrastructure. All of it is under the threat of climate change. The civilian communities surrounding these bases are facing the same threats. The military must share information with the surrounding communities to plan adaptation and resiliency responses to climate change.

• Our bases are under threat. Point Mugu Naval Air Station in California was recently evacuated due to wildfires; Tyndall Air Force Base was levelled by Hurricane Michael a few months ago; and Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune was hit hard by Hurricane Florence. Repairing Tyndall and Lejeune will cost up to $10 billion. There are flooding issues—you can’t use a runway if it’s underwater, and piers are having to be raised to save electronics on their undersides. We cannot ignore this threat as it’s only going to get worse and affect more bases.

• Bases depend on their 2015 electricity prices local communities. Bases depend on local communities for water, electricity, wastewater and stormwater management, housing (for civilian employees and two-thirds of military families), transportation, and communications. Communities are indispensable to the successful operation of bases. There needs to be a structure in place for communications between the community and the military base in the event of an emergency.

The vast geographic distribution of DOD facilities, their often advanced age, and the fact that they were originally built to withstand less severe environmental conditions than those now being experienced have all been a cause for grave concern among base commanders. Extreme weather events gas jeans usa—flooding, drought, and wildfire—all pose a real threat to DOD assets, as do rising sea levels, which are already causing increased incidence of sunny-day, nuisance flooding on the East Coast. Damage inflicted upon defense facilities and the interdependent assets they host can cripple the military’s ability to respond to a crisis, in addition to costing taxpayers millions of dollars in repairs and replacements. Bases must also be regularly resupplied, meaning a natural disaster or infrastructure failure could lead to additional hindrances to a facility’s mission.

Likewise, the civilian communities located near many military facilities are every bit as vulnerable to climate change impacts. There is a strong connection between bases across America and the adjacent communities found beyond the gate. Vital infrastructure, such as roads, electricity, and water, are shared between towns and bases, and these communities often house many active-duty and civilian personnel who work on-base and have strong economic ties with the military’s presence. Support services are often carried out by civilian employees, who number 742,000 (compared to 1.3 million active duty personnel). When civilian and active-duty personnel are unable to safely and reliably travel to their jobs on base, DOD operations can be severely gas examples hindered.