## Math function tutor part 2 – codeproject gas news australia

In Math Tutor Part 1, I showed you a program created for a math student I know to study mathematical functions. Four pre-defined **math functions** were provided. In this Part 2, you can define your own **math functions**, and they will be evaluated by a Recursive Descent Parser, or RDP. Changes from Part 1

• Added logging that utilizes the Windows Event Log; you will need admin access to your machine to use it. If you don’t have admin access or don’t want to use the Windows Event Log, you can modify Logger.cs in MathUtilLib to do something simple, like write logging info to a text file.

• Changed the settings saving. Some reviewers thought using %userprofile%\appdata was too "Windows-centric." So, for simplicity and flexibility, the settings are saved in a text file. So now you can simply save and retrieve your settings from a regular text file using File->Save and File->Open. See the HelpFile.html available via the Menu Strip’s Help->Instructions for details.

For this Part 2 of the Math Tutor, I’ve utilized Herb Shildt’s Recursive Descent Parser. Mr. Shildt’s books on C and C++ introduced me to the concept several years ago, and I’ve modified it to be able to recognize constants and *math functions* like cosine and sine.

An expression parser evaluates an algebraic expression like: 1 + 2 * 3. The precedence is defined by rules known as the grammar. Thus, in the expression 1 + 2 * 3, the 2 is multiplied by 3 first, then the 1 is added, giving 7. If we use parentheses, we can force the addition to happen first, so (1 + 2) * 3 evaluates to 9. In these expressions, each component is called a token and is a string that contains at least a single character. In the above expressions, the digits 1, 2, and 3 are TokenType NUMBER, the +, – and parentheses are TokenType DELIMITER. The magic of the RDP is in RecursiveDescentParser.cs. At first, the code may seem a little daunting. But creating your own Test Methods (methods annotated with [TestMethod]) in the RDPUnitTestProject and stepping through them with the debugger is an effective way to learn how the RDP works.

The **math functions** (sqrt, sin, cos, etc.) are defined in Functions.cs; the constants (pi, e, G) are defined in Constants.cs. The net result of all this somewhat complex code is that you can type an expression directly into the function parameter text box like this: sqrt(3 * pi / 2), and the RDP will arrive at the right answer, namely 2.171. The RDP is not only used to evaluate expressions in the text box controls, it is also used to evaluate functions you define. Associated with each user defined function are four parameters called A, B, C and D. You set values of the parameters with the function parameter controls. So when you define your own function, you can include any of the parameters. For example, the pre-defined linear function is A * x + B where x is the value on the x axis. You can label the controls, so for the linear function, the controls associated with A are labeled " Slope", the controls associated with B are labeled " Y-intercept". Moving the track bar ("slider"), clicking the numeric up-down control, or typing a value into the text box will change the value of the respective parameter, causing the slope or y-intercept of the line to change accordingly. Editing Functions

As with Math Tutor Part 1, there are four pre-defined __math functions__. However, in this Part 2, you can edit the formula and labels, and set the initial values of the parameters. See the HelpFile.html available via the Menu Strip’s Help->Instructions for details. Defining Your Own Functions

You can also define your own functions. See the HelpFile.html available via the Menu Strip’s Help->Instructions for details. In brief, select Function->Manage from the Men2u Strip to display the Math Function Detail dialog, then click " Add New Function". After entering the name, formula, labels and initial values, clicking Save, then Close, the new MathFunction will be added to the list of __math functions__, and the new MathFunctionUserControl will be added to the FlowLayoutPanel. Using the Code

With a little imagination, you can create some extraordinary functions. Here’s one I came up with while I was testing the project: A * cos(x – B) + sqrt(abs(sin (C * x))). Start the parameter C, " sin freq", at 1.0, then click the " Start Timer" button and watch what happens.