Meningitis signs, symptoms and complications electricity joules

• Rash: Bacterial infections that cause meningitis can also cause a rash. This is particularly common with meningococcal meningitis, which is associated with a rash characterized by tiny, flat, red dots on the skin. These red dots are actually caused by bleeding of tiny blood vessels (capillaries) that result from the spread of the infection outside the nervous system.

• Delirium: When meningitis is severe, or when the infection spreads beyond the meninges to the brain, a person can become suddenly, obviously confused and experience behavioral changes. This may progress to the point of becoming incapable of understanding what is going on.

These issues can occur when the infection reaches the nerves, spreads to the brain, or involves other areas of the body. Complications of meningitis are more common in very young babies or in people who do not have a healthy immune system, but they can occur in people who are otherwise completely healthy as well.

A large part of the medical management of meningitis is focused on preventing these complications and if they do occur, detecting them as early as possible. If you experience any of these complications, you must seek medical help immediately.

• Hearing loss: Meningitis can involve the nerves that control hearing, causing permanent hearing impairment. It is very unusual for hearing to be affected as an early symptom of meningitis, but it can happen. However, it is a known complication of the infection.

• Encephalitis: The infection and inflammation of meningitis can spread to the brain, resulting in a condition called encephalitis. Encephalitis is the infection of the brain itself, and it causes a range of symptoms and effects that may be long-lasting. Examples of long-term changes that can result from encephalitis include fatigue, trouble sleeping, a decline in cognitive function, and vision changes.

• S eizures: The infection and inflammation of meningitis can reach the brain. This usually occurs when meningitis advances to encephalitis, but it can happen in cases that don’t. Irritation of the tissue in some areas of the brain can cause the electrical activity to become dysfunctional, resulting in seizures.

• Septicemia: Septicemia is the spread of an infection in the blood. It is a serious complication that may be accompanied by rapid circulatory collapse, which means that the body does not receive enough blood and oxygen. This is often accompanied by organ failure. Meningococcal meningitis, in particular, is associated with septicemia, which can be fatal.

• Death: Meningitis can progress, causing an especially aggressive infection with signs that may appear gradually or rapidly. For example, meningitis can result in a slow development of excessive swelling in and around the brain. This may cause a dangerous condition called brain herniation, in which the brainstem (the lower part of the brain) becomes squeezed into the spinal canal. When this happens, respiratory arrest can occur and may result in death if emergency medical care is not available—sometimes even when it is.

• Seizures: If you experience involuntary movements of your body, convulsions, "spacing out," or episodes of which you are unaware of your surroundings, this could be a seizure. Any new seizure requires urgent medical care, even if you feel better after the episode.