Mercury on roman coins gas jobs crna

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Mercury appears on several other coins, labelled differently. shell gas credit card 5 On the right is a typical figure of Mercury, holding his caduceus and purse, with the legend FIDES AVG. This is an antoninianus of Gallienus from 267 CE. Mercury has no direct association with faithfulness, so this coin might be intended to point out that the good faith between emperor and people was built on sound commercial foundations. The same kind of message occurs on a denarius of Vespasian shown below, where the caduceus is used with a FIDES legend.

his is an interesting coin in another way, too. It’s a particularly clear example of the reverse, and if you look closely you can see that his wings emerge directly from Mercury’s head. If that’s not clear, click on the image to see an enlargement. grade 9 electricity unit test This image derives from an early Greek statue type of an athlete, copied by the Romans and converted to a statue of Mercury. A statuary head still exists, dated around 200 CE, and with the head-wings added later. There is a Greek coin from Amisos showing Perseus with a different version of head-wings on my " Story of Medusa" page.The shape of the purse is possibly significant. gas 99 cents a litre It often shows two side projections. Pat Lawrence has pointed out (in email) that shepherds were likely to have made purses from the skins of hares, which would be in this sort of shape, with two fat thighs and possibly a remaining scut of tail. o gosh Hermes in particular was a god of shepherds, so Mercury’s purse could easily be a rabbit or hare-skin one. For a corroborating reference to this shape, there is the so-called "Shepherd’s Purse," Capsella bursa-pastoris, a wild plant that has seed-pods in the same shape.

Mercury is also known on two other scarce coins of Gallienus. One, on which Mercury is accompanied by a dog, has the legend DONA AVG, and probably shows him as the giver of the emperor’s poetic and artistic abilities. The other has the legend PROVIDENTIA AVG, referring to the emperor’s forethought. electricity in homes Gallienus seems to have had a particular fondness for Mercury as a coin type, in comparison to the other emperors. At one point, he issued coins invoking the aid of numerous deities, and as you might expect, Mercury was one of these, on a coin with the legend MERCVRIO CONS AVG, shown on the near right.

The legend means "Dedicated to Mercury, preserver of the Emperor." This odd reverse type is a criocamp, a creature with the head and forelimbs of a ram, and a sinuous and fishy rear end. electricity generation definition Mythical creatures in such strange combinations were not uncommon, but the reasoning behind the choice of reverse image for this coin is not known today. The ram was Mercury’s sacrificial animal, from his role as a god of shepherds, but the fishy tail is a mystery.

inally, here is an Alexandrian coin from 236-237 CE which shows a guide of the dead to the underworld, called a psychopomp. Alexandria was populated mainly by Egyptians and people of Hellenic origin, and even though it had been under direct Roman rule since the first years of the empire, the deities shown on its coins were from the Greek and Egyptian pantheons. gas after eating pasta So here we would expect to see Hermes rather than Mercury.

In fact, this coin is an example of syncretism, the combination of two or more deities into one image. In this case, the deities are Anubis, the Egyptian guide of the dead, and Hermes, in his role as the Greek equivalent. The combination is known as Hermanubis. gas 91 octane He is wearing a kalathos, a small basket worn on the head by many Greek deities and personifications; in front of that is what might be a lotus blossom. His combination of caduceus and palm branch is shown in front of him. So this Imperial Roman coin, with the emperor’s bust on the obverse, has Greek text and shows Greek and Egyptian imagery on its reverse – just one of the things that can make these coins so fascinating. ———————— Useful References ————————