Mir books books from the soviet era electricity prices per kwh 2013

The structure of this book permits the student to read and master its matter in varying order according to the aims and purposes he or she is pursuing. The introduction “What Is Philosophy?” provides basic information about philosophy, its subject-matter and methods, the main points that distinguish it from other disciplines, and its place in the system of Marxism-Leninism. This chapter also contains information on the origin and various stages in the evolution of philosophy, and singles out the main matters that will subsequently be discussed. These problems will be treated in more detail in the following chapters, the material being arranged in order of increasing difficulty. Each of the successive chapters depends on the preceding ones. For the reader’s better assimilation of the proofs and arguments by which the superiority of materialism over idealism, of dialectics over metaphysics, and of Marxist-Leninist philosophy over other philosophical schools and currents is demonstrated, the text includes dialogues and talks between imaginary persons who express different points of view. These dialogues should be read and studied as attentively as the basic text.

The book was translated from the Russian by H. Campbell Creighton and was first published in English by Progress Publishers in 1989. This book is a part of the series Student’s Library in which many books were published especially pertaining to philosophy and sociology within the framework of dialectical-materialism.

501 What Does It Mean to Know? 291. 502 Cognition as Reflection 293. 503 A TalJ… about the Sources of Knowledge · 294. 504 The Role of Sensation in Knowing 298. 505 The Role of Abstraction in Knowing. The Method of the Ascent from the Abstract to the Concrete 300. 506 The Epistemological Roots of Idealism 304. 507 What Is Truth? 305. 508 The Role of Practice in Knowing 309. 509 Appearance and Essence. The Dialectics of Knowing 311.

Each section starts with a brief review of theory and detailed solutions of a sufficient number of typical problems. The text contains 100 worked problems and there are 314 problems left to the student. There are also a certain number of problems of an applied nature that have been chosen so that their analysis does not require supplementary information in specialized fields. The material of the sixth chapter is devoted to curvilinear coordinates and the basic operations of vector analysis in curvilinear coordinates. Its purpose is to give the reader at least a few problems to develop the necessary skills.

The present text may be regarded as a short course in vector analysis in which the basic facts are given without proof but with illustrative examples of a practical nature. Hence this problem book may be used in a recapitulation of the essentials of vector analysis or as a text for readers who wish merely to master the techniques of vector analysis, while dispensing with the proofs of propositions and theorems.

This collection of problems is designed for students of day and evening departments at engineering colleges and also for correspondence students with a background of vector algebra and calculus as given in the first two years of college study.

At present, all interactions between bodies in nature are thought to be ultimately due to the interaction of elementary particles and involve only four types of forces: universal gravitation, or gravitational forces, electromagnetic forces, nuclear forces and the so- called weak interactions.

This book describes the principal properties of these four types of force and their “sphere of action”, that is, the part they play in diverse natural processes that range from galaxies to the atomic nucleus and the mutual transformations of elementary particles. It includes the latest achievements of physics and gives a picture of the unresolved problems that confront science today.

The authors of this book are Candidates of Physico-mathematical sciences Vladimir Grigoryev and Gennady Myakishev. In 1948 they graduated from the Physics Department of Moscow University and completed their graduate studies in 1951. At present both are Associate Professors of the Moscow University Physics Department.

V. Grigoryev has published over twenty papers on problems of quantum field theory and has been particularly interested in particle formation via high- energy collisions. G. Myakishev has written a number of works on electronics and problems of the methodology of science, several elementary numerous textbooks on physics and articles for popular-science magazines.