Neil degrasse tyson accused of sexual misconduct by four women electricity word search puzzle

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Tyson invited her up to his apartment to “unwind” over a bottle of wine, she recalled. She felt uncomfortable as he gazed into her eyes and held her wrist to feel her “spirit connection.” They spent two hours together, as he made sexual references to song lyrics and described his need for physical release. As she was leaving, he took her by the shoulders and said, “I want to hug you so bad right now, but I know that if I do, I’ll just want more.”

On the car drive home the next day, Watson said, he told her she was “too distracting” to ever make it as a producer. electricity year invented She couldn’t stand the idea of working with him any longer. The following day, she reported the incident and her resignation to a line producer, who suggested that Watson tell everyone she was leaving due to a “family emergency.” So she did.

On Thursday, Watson’s allegations were made public on a blog called Patheos, which had previously published Amet’s claims, twice. The new story also described a third woman, Katelyn Allers, an astronomy and physics professor at Bucknell University, who said Tyson had grabbed her and reached down the front of her dress to look at her tattoo at a scientific meeting in 2009.

With three women now making allegations on the record, the Patheos article spread far and wide, prompting Fox Broadcasting Company, which produces the show, and National Geographic, which airs it, to announce an official investigation. A spokesperson for the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, where Tyson has led the Hayden Planetarium for over 20 years, said that it has never received a complaint about him, but was also looking into the allegations. astrid y gaston lima reservations On Saturday, Tyson released a 1,600-word statement on Facebook, confirming many of the details of Watson’s and Allers’ allegations, and apologizing for what he deemed clumsy displays of affection that had been misunderstood.

He also responded to Amet’s rape allegations, his only public acknowledgment of the claims in the four years since Amet first blogged about them. He said they had been friends in graduate school at the University of Texas at Austin, and had been “intimate” on a few occasions. But he denied raping her. Noting her “odd” interests in New Age healing, he suggested she had a “false memory.” (Watson, Allers, and Amet have disputed much of Tyson’s statement. Tyson declined multiple requests to comment on this story.)

Now a fourth woman has told BuzzFeed News her experience of sexual harassment from Tyson. In January 2010, she recalled, she joined her then-boyfriend at a holiday party for employees of the American Museum of Natural History. Tyson, its most famous employee, drunkenly approached her, she said, making sexual jokes and propositioning her to join him alone in his office. In a 2014 email shared with BuzzFeed News, she described the incident to her own employer in order to shoot down a proposed collaboration with Tyson.

For years, Amet had been trying to make the world listen to her account of a powerful man who had once assaulted her and derailed her life. Mainstream publications, including BuzzFeed News, were unable to adequately corroborate the events from so long ago, and did not publish her allegations. gas leak explosion And internet commenters assailed her character and New Age lifestyle. Her claims may have stayed buried forever, if not for the women who saw in Amet’s story a shadow of their own.

Frank Bash, an astronomy professor whose course Tyson assisted in, said that despite “working her butt off,” she struggled to keep up. The social pressures on her, too, were much higher than those on other students. “It’s worth noting that it was rare in the astronomy program in Texas to have a female graduate student,” Bash said. “It was especially rare to have a black female graduate student.”

Like her, Tyson had studied physics in college, but at Harvard. His grad school classmates said he was extremely sociable and well-liked, a member of the competitive dance team, the rowing team, and the wrestling team. And even then he had a flair for science communication, writing a column called “ Merlin’s Word to the Wise” for the observatory’s newspaper, and teaching a wildly popular intro to astronomy class that foreshadowed his future career.

The rape, she said, happened one day that semester, at his apartment. He gave her a drink in a cup that looked like a coconut shell, she said, which she thought was water. The next thing Amet remembers is waking up naked in Tyson’s bed, seeing him naked performing oral sex on her. electricity and magnetism notes When he realized she had woken up, she said, he began to penetrate her. The rest of her memory of the day is fragmented, she said.

Amet said that the combined trauma of the rape and of testifying in the murder trial prompted her to see a therapist at the university. At that single session, Amet remembers the therapist suggested that she drop out of school, given her difficulties. And so, after just a year in the program, she did. (The therapist, who has since moved to a university in the Midwest, declined to comment for this story.)

Amet’s ex-husband, Mario Vela, told BuzzFeed News that around the time he first met her in 1986, she told him something bad had happened with Tyson, and that he came up many times throughout their marriage. Though Vela never heard her use the word “rape,” he did remember that she described being drugged by Tyson, and vaguely alluded to something traumatic. “It actually was a sore subject,” he said. “It bled onto our relationship. It caused emotional problems for her.”

Some of Amet’s classmates do remember being perplexed by her sudden disappearance. electricity units of measurement Suchitra Balachandran, a former research scientist at the University of Maryland, said she recalled Amet leaving graduate school “under a cloud.” Even one of Amet’s good friends, Patricia Knezek, now an astronomer at NASA, was in the dark. “I was really surprised when she sort of disappeared, and I never heard anything,” she said.

Tyson, too, dropped out of UT Austin several years later, before joining a PhD program at Columbia University. “I still don’t talk about it much,” he told the alumni magazine in 2012, “because it was a failed experiment, and I’ve moved on from that chapter of my life.” After Columbia, Tyson would become the youngest person to lead the Hayden Planetarium, the host of a popular PBS show about space, and from there, one of the most famous scientists alive.

Amet would never return to science (though years later she reenrolled in a graduate program at UT for a semester, with a focus on ancient astronomy). She got married, homeschooled her two kids, moved into a small one-story house on an Indian reservation in Northern California, and then got divorced. She sang in a reggae band, and fully adopted a New Age way of thinking about the universe — rooted in energy, astrology, and ancient teachings, rather than science.

Nearly 30 years after the alleged assault, Amet said, she showed up at one of Tyson’s public talks in San Francisco and confronted him from the audience, claiming he had raped her. Four years later, she traveled to Austin to file a police report against him. Amet told the police she had waited so long, the report stated, because “numerous people” had said that Tyson was “a high profile person and that no one would believe her.”

Amet hoped her post would call public attention to him and provide closure to her own trauma. electricity kwh usage calculator Instead, the reaction was muted, contained to blogs, like the first Patheos post that Watson’s friend had sent her. They also circulated among some conservative agitators, like the notorious alt-right troll Chuck Johnson, known for media stunts discrediting sexual harassment claims and for publicly supporting racist conspiracies. (Johnson contacted Amet to interview her for a story, she said, but she declined.) Her claims didn’t get a significant audience until Patheos published its story about the other two women last month.

In his statement, Tyson referred to Amet’s new spiritual interests as a troubling sign of her mental instability. “For me, what was most significant, was that in this new life, long after dropping out of astrophysics graduate school, she was posting videos of colored tuning forks endowed with vibrational therapeutic energy that she channels from the orbiting planets,” he wrote. “Meanwhile, according to her blog posts, the drug and rape allegation comes from an assumption of what happened to her during a night that she cannot remember.”

Reading the second Patheos story prompted Allers and Watson to speak out. And it was the news of the Cosmos investigation that spurred the fourth woman to speak with BuzzFeed News. She was upset about how the allegations against Tyson — including a rape claim — were being written off by many as an example of the #MeToo movement going too far. But these incidents happened well before #MeToo, she said, and often within the scope of his professional work. “These people don’t behave in silos — institutions protect them,” she said.

All three of these women say that Tyson’s behavior toward them was not simply inappropriate or clumsy; it was harassment. Their stories, they said, which all took place in professional settings, show a clear abuse of power. And his response, they said, ignored the real pain and discomfort that he caused under the guise of playfulness and goodwill.

As they chatted, Tyson grabbed her arm to get a better look at a large tattoo of the solar system that extended up her arm, shoulder, and chest. electricity and magnetism worksheets 5th grade Tyson repeatedly told her he was “looking for Pluto,” which “involved him reaching into my dress and sort of looking down it,” Allers told BuzzFeed News. “It was an invasion of my space, inappropriate and sexual,” she said.

Once upstairs, Watson said, Tyson took off his shirt so he was only wearing a white undershirt, poured her a glass of wine, and put on some Nina Simone. He repeated the lyric “Do I make you quiver,” noting how much he loved that line. He assembled a cheese plate, sat down across from her, and talked about his need for emotional, spiritual, and physical releases. He asked her if she required releases too.

After about two hours of discomfort, Watson said she had to leave. He told her he had to give her a “Native American handshake” and asked her to extend her two fingers while he extended his so that they could feel each other’s “spirit connection.” They locked gazes for 10 seconds, Watson says, before she felt too uncomfortable to continue. Before she left, standing between her and the door, Tyson held her by the shoulders and said, “I want to hug you so bad right now, but I know that if I do, I’ll just want more.”

The following day, she reported the incident to her manager, Kenneth Burke, who asked her if she wanted to file a claim. Watson said no, but told him she hoped they wouldn’t replace her with another young woman. (Burke did not respond to questions from BuzzFeed News about whether the incident was reported to upper management. National Geographic did not respond to questions about whether it has a policy of mandatory reporting on set.)

The next day, Tyson sent her a long, friendly email, offering her the leftover snacks and wine in his fridge, describing enjoying an episode of Black Mirror she’d once recommended, and saying, “Miss you already.” He also said he’d reached out to a manager on set about having Watson do production work on Cosmos, the job she had always wanted. “In any other situation, I’d be like, hell yeah,” Watson told BuzzFeed News. “But I knew it wasn’t a genuine offer.”