New best practices for power project planning and construction

Effectively managing time, budget, and resources has always been the goal of companies involved in constructing power generation projects, but today the challenges in meeting those goals can be greater than ever.

Any power generation company involved in new construction or an upgrade or retrofit project hopes it will see completion safely, without exceeding schedule or budget. Electricity usage by state But whether the project involves first-of-a-kind or familiar technology, it seems there are frequently project-specific complications to overcome. Grade 9 current electricity test To learn what new tools and techniques construction firms are using to deliver successful projects, POWER reached out to half a dozen companies. Gas near me prices Two, Kiewit and Fluor, responded. Electricity pictures Both work on projects involving all fuel types, from fossil to nuclear to renewables. Gas works park Current Project Planning and Construction Challenges

In response to POWER’s question about the most significant current challenges in the power infrastructure construction business, Dave Flickinger, executive vice president of Kiewit Energy Group (Kiewit), whose headquarters are in Omaha, Neb., responded, “Speed-to-market is a top priority for our clients, who continue to challenge us with aggressive schedules that compress the overall duration from notice to proceed to the commercial operations date.”

At the same time, he added, “plant equipment is getting larger and more sophisticated, which can require longer lead times for design, coordination, and integration. Grade 6 electricity unit ontario We also remain steadfast in our commitment to safety and quality, which can affect project timelines. Q mart gas station Fortunately, we have been able to counterbalance these impacts with new technologies that streamline our operations and maximize efficiency.”

Fluor, based in Irving, Texas, sees different challenges depending on the locale. Gas in spanish Jack Penley, president of Construction & Fabrication, responded, “Globally, the most significant project challenge is reducing the capital costs of projects to enable them to move forward. Q card gas station In the current business climate, clients are cautious about deploying their capital to support new projects—they need cost and schedule certainty, with an improved rate of return, before they move forward with new investments.”

What drives those capital costs varies. Gas under 3 dollars In North America, demand for skilled craft professionals is a major factor. I have electricity in my body “In other locations,” Penley explained, “there may be available skilled labor, but if it is a remote area, there are other additional expenses, such as higher logistics and workforce housing costs.” Working Smarter, Faster

Every firm in the construction business has some version of a productivity regime. Electricity lesson plans 8th grade Penley said Fluor has a “broad range of execution resources.” Every phase, from concept to commissioning and operations and maintenance, “is executed with a construction-driven mindset; for example, engineering and procurement activities are based on creating a better-build approach.”

One of those better-build approaches is what Fluor calls advanced work packaging (AWP). Astrid y gaston lima menu english “AWP improves construction and productivity in the field through close engagement with engineering. Gas lighting Through intensive planning, starting in the front-end stage, the project determines the path of construction, developing engineering and construction work packages in accordance with the construction sequence and significantly improving efficiency.”

Fluor has used AWP on multiple projects in North America and has seen reductions in direct craft hours between 15% and 18%, as well as improved safety, schedule performance, and execution predictability. Static electricity bill nye Penley said the company is currently implementing AWP on three power projects in the U.S. Gas x dosage for dogs (Figure 1).

1. Electricity physics formulas New responsibilities. Electricity online games Late last year, Fluor was brought in to replace the previous contractor for construction of two new nuclear projects, Plant Vogtle Units 3 and 4 in Georgia and V.C. Gas engine efficiency Summer Units 3 and 4 in South Carolina. Gas vs diesel truck Here a containment vessel ring is placed at V.C. 66 gas station near me Summer Unit 3 in April 2016. Electricity physics test Courtesy: South Carolina Electric & Gas

Kiewit also focuses on identifying ways to accelerate work in the early stages of a project, particularly in regard to procurement and engineering. Gas oil ratio for leaf blower For example, Flickinger said, “the faster we purchase equipment, the more quickly we can access critical technical information that influences engineering and design. Electricity 1 unit how many watts Furthermore, the faster we can get engineering work complete, the faster we can get moving on construction.”

Throughout all phases of the project, productivity is key. Static electricity jokes “With careful analysis using cutting-edge technology we can significantly level manpower curves by trade,” he said. Gas used in ww1 “Additionally, we use manpower and field density tools to ensure that work is sequenced as effectively as possible.” Benefits of Modular Construction Not Fully Realized

Several years ago, modular construction techniques—especially for nuclear new builds—were touted as the latest and greatest innovation in power plant construction practices. A shell gas station near me When asked if modular techniques have lived up to their promise, the two firms gave somewhat different answers.

Fluor hasn’t seen a significant amount of modular construction on power projects, but believes “it holds tremendous potential for the power industry, based on the success we have seen in other industries, such as oil and gas,” Penley explained. Gas vs electric stove top “A significant portion of a power project, perhaps with the exception of the heat recovery steam generator, could be modularized.”

Fluor’s own, patented approach to modularization, called 3rd Gen Modular Execution, significantly increases the level of modularization on a project, reducing plot plan, onsite labor, and material requirements, Penley said. Electricity quiz grade 9 “On one oil and gas project, we were able to reduce the plot plan requirements by 40% versus a traditional design approach. Electricity usage calculator south africa On another project, use of 3rd Gen Modular Execution helped reduce the project’s capital costs by 30% from initial estimates.”

Kiewit’s Flickinger said, “In our experience, off-site modular construction has not proved to be cost effective. Gas chamber We have performed countless studies on various projects and have yet to find an opportunity where it makes sense. Up electricity bill payment online However,” he added, “we have utilized on-site modularization that has proved effective. Electricity and magnetism purcell pdf Specifically, we have been able to better streamline the use of specialty craftsmen and, in many cases, reduced the amount of rework in the field.” New Productivity Tools

As in power plants themselves, new automation tools and other technology-based solutions are making construction planning and execution more efficient and predictable.

“A well-planned project drives out work,” said Penley, “and, in addition to AWP and modularization, we have seen great improvements with automation tools to improve planning and field construction schedules.”

Scaffolding is another area where upfront planning can significantly reduce project costs, he added. Electricity manipulation “On a typical, large-scale industrial project, scaffolding can account for 20% to 40% of direct labor hours. Jokes gas prices By incorporating scaffolding into a project’s detailed design, scaffolding quantities and onsite productivity are optimized, with scaffolding hours potentially cut in half when compared to other projects.”

Fluor implemented this type of solution on the North West Redwater Partnership’s Sturgeon Refinery Project in Alberta, Canada, which was recently recognized with a Celebration of Engineering & Technology Innovation Award by Fiatech, an international organization dedicated to the betterment of the capital project industry. Gas laws definition chemistry This solution can also be implemented on power projects, Penley said.

Other ways Fluor is striving to be more sustainable while improving project execution include developing a fully paperless construction project and seeing how innovations like 3-D printing can support projects.

Kiewit has developed a fully integrated, component-based tracking system that it says has been a game changer. Gas density calculator “We have the ability to track the installation of each and every component that goes into the construction of a power plant—which can equate to more than 100,000 pieces,” Flickinger explained. Electricity el paso apartments “The system provides real-time insight on how installation aligns with our estimate and how that ties to our schedules. Youtube gas pedal dance Beyond tracking past progress, it also allows us to analyze future manpower needs and sequence work over the short and long term.”

Drones are another tool Kiewit has used to solve project challenges. Wd gaster cosplay In mid-2013, Competitive Power Ventures (CPV) hired Kiewit to engineer, procure, construct, and commission Woodbridge Energy Center (WEC), a 725-MW combined cycle power plant in Woodbridge Township, N.J. Electricity year 4 (Figure 2). E85 gas stations in ohio Completed ahead of schedule in January 2016, the plant met the owner’s budget and exceeded performance requirements thanks to innovation solutions that included using recycled wastewater for facility cooling needs and utilizing drone technology to plan and arrange site materials on a confined site.

2. Gasco abu dhabi address Eyes in the sky. Mp electricity bill payment online indore Drone technology was used to plan and arrange site materials on the confined site of the new Woodbridge Energy Center in New Jersey. Gas oil ratio for weed eater Courtesy: Kiewit

Although the development area sits on more than 180 remediated acres, the WEC occupies only 27 of those acres, making for a tight workspace for such a large plant. Gas 0095 download One way the project addressed this complex challenge was by using drone technology to see exactly where to land materials, if the team was storing too much material in a certain place, or if materials could be consolidated.

Innovation can also be required for renewable power projects. Gas efficient cars under 10000 On a recent large solar power project handled by Fluor, the grounding clips being used were difficult and time-consuming to install, which was affecting productivity in the field. Nyc electricity cost per kwh Penley explained, “Our engineers partnered with a manufacturer to re-design a commercial, off-the-shelf grounding clip, increasing the installation efficiency of the more than 600,000 photovoltaic modules on the project. Gas monkey cast This innovative solution has since been used on other solar power projects, resulting in significant efficiency improvements.” Workforce Training

A firm can have the latest, coolest technologies and processes, but without people, even “automated solutions” can’t get a project built, so it’s no surprise that both firms dedicate significant resources to their workforce.

“Our people are what separate us in our industry,” Flickinger said, “and we’ve worked hard to retain our employees through up and down cycles. Gas laws worksheet answers and work While every company in our sector has experienced some workforce challenges, we’ve generally been able to hold our workforce number steady and add strong talent when needed.”

Flickinger attributes his company’s retention success to the significant investments made in training and development of staff and craft employees: Kiewit spends nearly $80 million on training and development annually—“well above the national average per employee.” That includes ongoing efforts on projects and through Kiewit University, a long-standing training center that provides more than 100,000 hours of training each year through a wide range of technical, leadership, and professional development curriculum. Electricity towers health risks Construction on a new 62,000-square-foot Kiewit University building is under way in Omaha. Wikipedia electricity consumption The company also provides hands-on skilled training at its new center in Denver to support ongoing craft and staff employee needs.

Fluor is focused on training as well. Electricity use in the us “To develop our skilled craft workforce,” Penley said, “we offer training at every stage of a worker’s career, including free, entry-level training in four trades, after-hours skills upgrade training at our jobsites, welder upgrade training, and supervisory training.” At the recently completed Dominion Brunswick County Power Station project in Virginia, Fluor offered tuition-free, after-hours skills training to craft professionals. E85 gas stations in houston In 2015 alone, the company provided more than 12,000 hours of training at that site, in disciplines ranging from carpentry to pipefitting and welding.

Fluor also focuses on development of construction management professionals, placing new graduate employees immediately in field assignments. Gas unlimited “Through this intensive rotational process, employees train under experienced superintendents and management, accelerating their understanding of our industry and ability to effectively manage work,” Penley explained.

“However, development alone will not solve all of the labor challenges,” he added, “which is why we are increasingly using techniques such as AWP and modularization to improve project efficiency. Electricity generation capacity For example, with modularization, we can reduce onsite craft labor requirements. Electricity sources usa Fluor has fabrication yards located at five locations across the globe—by using these yards, we can fabricate modules where there is available labor and create cost and schedule advantages for our clients.” ■