No joke winged and other creatures enjoy a toast or two – shelburne news gas variables pogil worksheet answers

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As fall slides into winter, resident songbirds such as robins and waxwings must switch from their warm weather diets of earthworms and arthropods to the best of what’s left: fruit, and lots of it. wb state electricity board bill pay As it turns out, this is also the time of year when conditions become ripe for the conversion of fruit sugars into alcohol via natural fermentation.

Studies show that waxwings, whose winter diet is comprised almost exclusively of fruit, metabolize alcohol seven times faster than seed-eating finches and three times faster than omnivore starlings. gas guzzler tax In addition, a waxwing’s liver constitutes nearly 5 percent of its total body weight, compared to just under 3 percent for starlings and finches. k electric jobs 2016 Larger livers and higher rates of alcohol metabolism likely evolved in response to occasional exposure to fermented fruit. For the most part, these adaptations enable waxwings to dine on boozy berries without ill effect.

In 1989, a case report in the journal “Avian Diseases” described several waxwings that had suffered fatal falls from a rooftop following ingestion of overwintered hawthorn berries. cheapest gas in texas In 2012, a study published in the “Journal of Ornithology” reported on necropsies of six different flocks of waxwings that were found dead after flying into windows, fences, and other stationary objects. gas quality Cause of death? Trauma sustained while flying under the influence.

Late fall, winter, and early spring are prime times for avian intoxication, both because seasonal conditions are favorable for fermentation and because cold nights cause birds to forage more intensively. gas laws definition chemistry It’s also theorized that birds tend to eat more when feeding in flocks than when dining solo, which may explain why robins and waxwings – who forage in gregarious groups during the winter months – are particularly susceptible to having one too many.

Several years ago, a Washington black bear made headlines when it broke into some campground coolers and proceeded to down 36 cans of Rainier beer, notably skipping the Busch beer that was in the same coolers, before passing out in a nearby tree. gas in oil pressure washer When wildlife officials came to relocate the bruin, they baited the trap with two open cans of Rainier. The bear walked right in.

Controversial research on voluntary alcohol consumption by feral vervet monkeys in the Caribbean has revealed that, given access to alcohol, the majority of monkeys will drink in moderation, while 15 percent are teetotalers who drink little to no alcohol, 15 percent are habitual heavy drinkers, and approximately 5 percent repeatedly drink themselves to the point of unconsciousness. electricity tower vector The researchers noted a “striking similarity” to our the complex relationship humans have with alcohol.

This level of alcohol consumption would be downright dangerous for other mammals, including humans, yet the shrews don’t show the slightest sign of impairment. Scientists hypothesize that the shrews developed a symbiotic relationship with the palm approximately 55 million years ago and have been bingeing ever since, though it’s unclear how they manage to function with such chronically high blood-alcohol concentrations.