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The legislation would remove a long standing practice that grant nation-states freedom from legal jeopardy under established “Sovereign Immunity” provisions in U.S. and international laws. While undertaking measures to stop anti-competitive practices seems like a good idea, the legislation electricity and magnetism connect to form is bad law and unlikely to achieve any of its goals.

It is important to understand electricity fallout 4 that the most important counter-weight to OPEC is sustaining the rapid reduction in U.S. net oil imports. A combination of unprecedented expansion of domestic oil production from unconventional geologic formations and improved efficiency of the U.S. automobile fleet has reduced U.S. net imports from over 13 million barrels/day in 2008 to only 545,000 barrels/day in November of 2018.

U.S. shale production alone accounted for 30 percent of world capital expenditures for oil gas under 3 dollars and gas extraction in 2018 and not all this capital was sourced domestically. Sustaining an effective counter OPEC strategy will require gas oil ratio formula paying attention to common sense opportunities and policies that permit continued expansion of U.S. oil production as well as infrastructure and processing facilities to move crude oil and petroleum products to domestic and export markets.

OK, but shouldn’t we also go after the OPEC producers. The problem with the legislation is that it is extremely broad and electricity nyc divorced from the real world. It comes with a long array of unintended economic and legal consequences. The language in the bill is so broad that it could be used to sue non-OPEC states and U.S. energy companies that do business with OPEC members.

Some foreign investment in the U.S., particularly in the refining sector would be subject to seizure by the government. The bill gas density calculator applies not only to foreign states, but to any instrumentality or agent of a foreign state as well as “any other person” that acts collectively or in combination with a foreign state or instrumentality or agent of a foreign state.

The potential economic downsides of the legislation are substantial. As assets get tied up in court we can expect retaliation and asset flight out of the U.S. by OPEC and electricity and magnetism worksheets 5th grade non-OPEC nations that are aligned with OPEC. Although some OPEC nation states may restrict crude production, their national oil companies are heavily invested in U.S. refining and related energy companies. We may find OPEC and aligned nations refusing to work with U.S. firms and reduced trade with OPEC and gas 87 aligned countries is a likely outcome.

Retaliation would be commonplace as OPEC and aligned nations could take U.S. companies into gas news today local courts. Most importantly, it eliminates sovereign immunity a long standing common law and statutory defense which protects U.S. assets from capricious behavior abroad. Open capital markets and freedom from uncertain and capricious behavior by the U.S. government is one of the hall marks that makes domestic oil and gas reserves a magnate for foreign capital electricity wikipedia in hindi. It would be a tragedy if in an attempt to address real or presumed threats from OPEC, we undermined our domestic energy security.