Obesity causes, treatment and prevention what are the 4 gas giants in the solar system

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Obesity, which is the disease of carrying excess fat, affects one third of Americans (about 78.6 million) and is a leading cause of mortality and soaring healthcare costs in the country. This is because obesity increases the risk of developing a myriad of chronic electricity pictures information diseases including heart disease, high cholesterol, hypertension, liver disease, type 2 diabetes, respiratory disorders, sexual dysfunction, osteoarthritis and some cancers. Additionally, obese people are more likely to suffer from depression, social isolation and physical limitations.

Obesity is the result of an imbalance between calorie intake and calorie expenditure. Genetics, a high-calorie diet and low physical activity are all contributors to a buildup of body fat. Dietary and lifestyle trends that cause obesity are showing global impact, with both gaston yla agrupacion santa fe adulthood and childhood obesity on the rise around the world. Over the last 30 years in the United States, the numbers of obese children in the 6-11 and 12-19 age groups have more than doubled and quadrupled, respectively.

The body stores excess fat as a result of too much caloric intake and a lack of calorie electricity word search answer key expenditure through physical activity. Poor diet and inactivity are often influenced by environmental factors like community behavior and socioeconomics. Genetics and other health conditions may also play a role. Known causes and risk factors for obesity include:

Doctors diagnose obesity by performing a general exam and learning about the patient’s personal/family medical history. The body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference are routinely used to estimate “fatness”. The BMI is calculated by dividing a person’s weight (kilograms) by the square of their height (meters); it is solely an estimate and not a direct measurement for body fat. The BMI is associated with weight in the following way:

Obesity is treated by achieving and maintaining locate a gas station near me a healthy weight through a combination of diet, exercise, medication and, in some cases, surgery. At-risk or obese children are encouraged to eat healthy and increase physical activity. Obese adults are advised to lose 5-10 percent of their body weight as an initial step electricity and circuits physics in a comprehensive treatment plan that includes:

• Dietary changes. Choosing healthy foods and reducing caloric intake are key to losing weight. The ideal diet is low in cholesterol and saturated fats, and includes fruits, vegetables, whole grains and lean meats. The recommended number of daily food calories varies for each person but is roughly 1,000-1,200 calories per day for women, and 1,200-1,600 calories per day for men.

• Surgery. Extremely obese patients or those with serious weight-related complications may consider weight-lost surgery. Although surgery offers excellent results with respect to weight loss and maintenance, it carries important risks. Surgical procedures work by either reducing the stomach’s holding capacity ( gastric banding, gastric sleeve chapter 7 electricity note taking worksheet), reducing fat absorption through the small intestine ( biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch), or both ( gastric bypass).