Off-grid led lighting could create 2 million jobs _ greentech media

There is an intensifying move in the developing world to bring modern energy services to the more than 1 billion people who live without them.

Often the starting point is solar-powered light-emitting diodes. Z gastroenterol The bright, low-energy lights can replace far more dangerous forms of lighting, including candles and kerosene lanterns.

Besides lowering indoor pollution and providing better light, the move to solar LEDs could also create approximately two million new jobs, according to new research from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Gas gangrene The study was published in the journal Energy for Sustainable Development.

“People like to talk about making jobs with solar energy, but it’s rare that the flip side of the question is asked — how many people will lose jobs who are selling the fuels that solar will replace?” Evan Mills, Berkeley Lab researcher and lead author, said in a statement. C gastronomie mariage “We set out to quantify the net job creation. Z gas el salvador empleos The good news is, we found that we will see many more jobs created than we lose.”

The study focused on those who could not even afford a small home solar system, which might power lights, appliances such as a TV and phone chargers. Gas finder mn It looked at the approximately 112 million households that can only afford entry-level solar lanterns. Gas bubble in chest and back There are about 274 million households total without access to modern electricity, but more than half of those could afford more sophisticated upgrades, such as small off-grid solar systems, or access to the grid.

Currently, solar LED lighting already supports more jobs than fuel-based lighting, which provides about 150,000 jobs worldwide. Electricity 2014 Mills surveyed major solar LED companies and found that for every 10,000 people living off-grid, about 38 clean lighting jobs are created.

This does not include the manufacturing of LED components and their assembly, which often take place outside of the countries where the lights are used. 1 unit electricity cost in andhra pradesh Instead, Mills focused on in-country sales and distribution, where the most jobs would be affected as LED lights replace traditional sources.

But in the case of kerosene and candles, they are rarely sold alone. Electricity images cartoon “The emerging solar-LED lighting alternatives are being sold through many of these same outlets, and thus the revenue can remain within that sector even as technology/ fuel choices evolve,” writes Mills. Electricity cost calculator Wicks and candles can be sold alongside everything from safety pins and buttons to shoe polish and toothbrushes.

When SolarAid interviewed kerosene vendors in nearly 40 markets in Malawi and Kenya in 2013, the nonprofit found the shift from kerosene was already happening, although it didn’t seem to affect business overall.

Vendors reported about a 50 percent reduction in sales of kerosene over the previous year, and most said it was attributable to the availability of LED flashlights and solar lanterns, although kerosene shortages were a factor in some cases. 2015 electricity prices One vendor spoke of the kerosene business “dying a natural death” and noted that it did not seem to be a disruptive force.

As of mid-2025, about 44 million solar LED lanterns had been sold, at a rate of about 10 million per year. Electricity multiple choice questions grade 9 For the approximately 112 million households, Mills assumed each house could afford about three solar LED lights, each with a service life of three years. Electricity for beginners With the ongoing replacement rate, and a job intensity of about 17,000 jobs per million lanterns, the total figure of employment would be approximately 2 million jobs.

The effect of cheaper, better lighting means even more income to spend or save. Gas stoichiometry problems In the Philippines, for example, one study found homeowners saved about 5 percent of income when switching from kerosene to LEDs. Electricity physics khan academy For every 20 households, that is equal to the income attained via a full-time job. Gas house eggs In aggregate, the savings from switching to LEDs would roughly equal the income of an additional 6 million jobs.

The effect on businesses, and not just households, is even more profound. Electricity projects for grade 7 For the night-fishing sector in sub-Saharan Africa, the cost of lighting can be as high as half of wholesale revenues, according to Mills. Gas nozzle stuck in car Various studies have found the increasing workplace electrification increases revenues.

Lighting is, of course, just the first step, but a necessary one as more comprehensive forms of electrification are invested in. World j gastrointestinal oncol impact factor It is not an either/or proposition. 3 gases in the atmosphere Centralized electrification is not keeping pace with population growth, and the International Finance Corporation estimates central electrification is only suitable for less than one-quarter of the world’s unelectrified households, according to the study.

Lastly, “conversion from fuel-based lighting to the central grid would yield negligible net job creation compared to the off-grid pathway,” writes Mills. Electricity for refrigeration heating and air conditioning answer key “It would also shift jobs from lower-income villagers to demographically quite different utility employees.”

There is enormous growth potential in all forms of energy generation in developing markets. V gashi kenga e zagrebit Power Africa, for instance, has a goal of bringing 60 million new grid connections and 30,000 megawatts of clean power to the continent, both in large- and small-scale projects. Grade 9 electricity quiz The global off-grid solar market alone is expected to top $3 billion by 2020.

The impact of these investments will be tremendous. Electricity terms and definitions “The transition away from kerosene and other fuel-based lighting in developing countries is now irreversibly underway,” Mills concludes. Electricity jeopardy game “The transition will create more than 10 times more jobs than it displaces.”