Oilfield school_ a path to a working-class future, or an anchor to the past_ by nathan c. martin — summer 2016_ the decline of the american middle class _ the wilson quarterly

Valentina Quinonez, a petroleum technology student, stands near the petroleum tech simulation equipment used at the Wind River Job Corps. Electricity production in china Photo by Kim Raff

As a puddle of fluid gathers, Kevin Pound, the safetyman, scurries over with a handful of “diapers” and begins to mop it up. Electricity dance moms full episode The rest of the six-person crew gathers around foreman Ryan Braae, who offers everyone water and sunscreen before laying out their next steps.

From behind a nearby separator—a truck-sized metal box whose mechanical innards remove water from liquid natural gas condensate—David Doane lumbers over to the group. Gas appliance manufacturers association He’s a large, imposing man with a prominent beard. Gas prices going up 2016 Braae stops talking. Electricity generation by source All eyes turn to Doane.

After a moment, Doane relents and explains: Check valves stop gas from moving in reverse through a pipeline. Gas in oil pressure washer They’ll need one if they want to hook that compressor up to the separator, he says. Origin electricity login Braae, Quinonez and Pound nod their heads intently at their instructor’s advice.

This is the Wind River Job Corps Center, which sits atop a sagebrush-strewn plateau just outside Riverton in central Wyoming. British gas jokes Job Corps is a 52-year-old federal anti-poverty program with centers nationwide that train low-income youth in a variety of trades. Power vocabulary words Adjacent Doane’s oilfield crew, a group of heavy equipment operator students works with a dirt roller, bulldozer and shovels to shape an earthen base for a new parking lot. Y gasset Beyond them, screeches of band saws and crackles from arc welders in the carpentry and welding workshops add to a general atmosphere of bustle and productivity. 5 gases that come from car emissions A student training for his Commercial Driver’s License cautiously navigates a big rig down the road that circles campus.

“I never had anyone at high school to help me with scholarships,” he says. Gas in back shoulder “I was on my own since I was 16. Power definition physics electricity I never heard about FAFSA. Electricity test physics I never had a counselor or any advice. Electricity in india voltage It was nice to come to Job Corps for that.”

With assistance from the center’s staff, Braae is applying for scholarships to Divers Academy International in New Jersey, which he hopes to attend after he finishes Job Corps later this year.

Valentina Quinonez, who’s also 20, graduated high school with honors in Nogales, Arizona, but couldn’t afford the fashion institute in San Francisco to which she was accepted. Gas near me now A Job Corps advisor steered her toward Petroleum Tech, touting the opportunities for women in the industry.

“Most of my family are carpenters,” she says. Gas pump emoji “I wanted something different. Gas in oil tank So I was like, ‘Nobody has ever been in the oilfield. Npower electricity meter reading I might as well try it.’”

Her obvious, easygoing intelligence makes it seem somehow fitting that the fashionista would find pleasure in the oilfield’s complex mechanical logistics.

“I like challenges,” she says. Electricity per kwh calculator “It’s really hard learning all these things like valves and pumps, dissembling them and putting them back together. K electric share price forecast It’s fun.”

If the oil and gas industry doesn’t pan out, the recently elected student body president says she has several backup plans, including pursuing a degree in psychology.

Kevin Pound, a petroleum technology student, listens in a safety training class that is part of the petroleum tech program. Power outage houston zip code Photo by Kim Raff

Kevin Pound grew up in Lander and graduated from Riverton High School. Electricity origin He hopes the oilfield, despite the downturn, can offer him a way to remain in Wyoming, where much of his family lives.

“I like staying close to home,” says the 23-year-old, who came to Job Corps after a year of bagging groceries and pushing people’s shopping carts to their cars at Smith’s Food and Drug. Electricity in water Prior to that, he dropped out of Central Wyoming Community College after a year of studying fire science.

“I made the one mistake that’s easy to make: not do your homework. Electricity word search So they pulled my loan and I couldn’t pay for housing,” he says. Electricity experiments for preschoolers “I figured I’d come here, learn something more hands-on, something that was other than retail or fast food.”

Pound says he’s watched several uncles chase oilfield jobs around the country, from Wyoming to North Dakota to Colorado, and face layoffs during the bust. Electricity and magnetism review After Job Corps, he hopes to enroll in the petroleum engineering program at the University of Wyoming, which trains students in finding and developing oil reservoirs, rather than doing the hands-on work of extraction. Electricity bill nye But enrollment in the university’s School of Mines has doubled since 2010, and demand for petroleum engineers is low.

Driving northwest out of Riverton on Highway 26, one can speed straight past the Job Corps center and into the heart of the Wind River Reservation. O goshi Home to the Northern Arapaho and Eastern Shoshone tribes, the landscape is exquisite and rich with wildlife.

A report released in January estimates Wyoming will face a roughly $600 million revenue shortfall through 2018 due to the energy bust. Electricity outage houston This results both from the drop in oil prices and an equally severe downturn in the coal industry, which Godby says typically generates another 11 percent of the state’s total tax revenue.

Lawmakers in the most recent legislative session cut $36 million from public schools, $27 million from other state agencies, $35 from the University of Wyoming, and decreased allocations to county and local governments, among other reductions. Gas vs electric stove They also withdrew $488 million from the state’s $1.8 billion “rainy day fund,” in which the state squirrels away money during boomtimes.

“The problem is that the energy sector is so large and so dominant in this economy in terms of how much revenue it generates,” Godby says. Gas news today “And we don’t otherwise have a large, indigenous economy of our own. C gastritis der antrumschleimhaut When that’s the case, you pretty much have no control over your own economy.”

Thirty miles down the road from the Wind River Job Corps Center, in Lander, Amber Wilson takes a break in her office from trying to save local recycling. Static electricity review worksheet The Fremont County Solid Waste District recently announced it would end its recycling program this spring due to financial constraints—including state funding cuts.

Wilson, an environmental quality advocate for the Wyoming Outdoor Council, says while it’s sickening to read news of mass layoffs and slashed budgets, the way in which many people in the state respond—with vitriol toward the federal government and environmental regulations—is equally dismaying.

“It’s frustrating to see so much anger and rage over the downfall of the oil and gas or coal industries,” she says. Gas stations in texas “I was born and raised in Wyoming, and my family worked in the trona mines and the coal mines and the gas fields. E85 gas stations colorado But it seems like, to me, a no-brainer—we’ve always lived in this boom and bust economy, and as long as we choose to not diversify our economy and rely on these industries that we know go up and down, it just seems like, where is the surprise truly coming from?”

Part of Wilson’s job is to monitor the ways in which the state government interacts with the oil and gas industry. Gas approximation What she often witnesses is a cozy relationship—one in which regulators largely let companies oversee themselves.

“Oil, gas and coal are our biggest sources of revenue in the state, so there’s a lot of incentive to not in any way hinder fossil fuel development,” she says.

Wilson says lax oversight of oil and gas drilling, for example, allows companies to largely self-monitor whether the wastewater they dump into aquifers will contaminate drinking water. Mafia 2 gas meter This practice came to light during a recent dispute before the state Oil and Gas Commission in which environmentalists argued—successfully, against the commission’s initial ruling—that a company’s experts were misleading the public.

“This kind of thing happens frequently,” Wilson says. 1 unit electricity cost in gujarat “They bring in their experts saying, ‘Yep, we know it’s not going to contaminate any existing drinking water. Electricity reading comprehension This is going to be totally fine.’ And then other people bring in their experts who say… ‘This is a terrible idea.’ The only reason this instance gained so much attention is because it affected the main source of drinking water for the city of Gillette.”

Thirty miles due north of Wilson’s office, the small town of Pavillion, Wyoming, has become a focal point in the debate over fracking—and energy-friendly state government’s potential role in obscuring its harm. P gaskell In response to residents’ longtime complaints about polluted drinking water, the federal Environmental Protection Agency conducted a study and reported in 2011 that nearby fracking activity likely had something to do with it. C gastronomie brignais After pushback from state officials and the oil and gas industry, the EPA demurred and left further studies to the Wyoming State Department of Environmental Quality, who concluded in 2015 that the link between fracking and the town’s poisoned water was “negligible.”

This April, however, scientists from Stanford University published a peer-reviewed study that they say establishes a clear link between fracking and Pavillion’s water problems. Gas kansas The scientists claim their conclusions are the strongest evidence yet proving such a connection anywhere in the nation.

At the same time the oil and gas industry’s outputs may or may not have been seeping into Pavillion’s drinking water, its influence was unquestionably growing in Wyoming’s public schools.

Sandy Barton, the BOCES director who helped launch the Wind River Job Corps Center, says she already had partnerships in place within the oil and gas industry when her team began to develop the Petroleum Technician program.

In 2008, the Fremont County BOCES launched a pilot program at Riverton High School that brought oil and gas representatives to the classroom, took students on field trips to drilling rigs and production facilities, and allowed students to complete OSHA oilfield safety certification training. Gas efficient cars 2015 In 2010, Marathon Oil donated $20,000 to the project, which expanded to other high schools in Fremont and adjacent Hot Springs County. 76 gas card login Other oil and gas companies contributed to the program as well.

Tim DeChristopher says public schools’ actively funneling students into the fossil fuel business strikes him as all too familiar. 2015 electricity increase The Utah-based climate justice organizer witnessed the same relationship in his home state.

“Growing up in what they call ‘coal country’ in West Virginia, we were taught that all we had the ability to do was work in the coalmine,” he says. 9gag instagram logo “If we worked really hard, we could work for the natural gas company. Ideal gas questions Those were the alternatives we were presented with.”

He says the oil, gas, and coal industries have long depended on undereducated communities who assume their proximity to fossil fuel development predestines them for a life in the oilfield or mines.

“But the people born there are not any less smart or any less capable or any less hardworking than the people born anywhere else who have a whole host of options of what they can do with their lives,” he says. Grade 9 electricity review “That’s something that is taught, and that is a form of disempowerment that has always gone hand-in-hand with the fossil fuel industry, because they need that easily exploited labor force.”

DeChristopher says it doesn’t make sense for taxpayers to subsidize the oil and gas industry by training its workforce, given that the industry is made up of some of the richest companies in the history of money. Physics electricity and magnetism study guide He says the Department of Labor funding an oilfield education program while the nation moves toward renewable energy amounts to training yesterday’s workforce, instead of tomorrow’s.

“I think it’s clear that Job Corps knows what’s wrong about that,” he says. Circle k gas station locations “The website for the Wind River center calls this ‘Green Jobs Training’… They’re deceptive. K electric jobs 2016 They’ve got the little green tree icon next to their petroleum extraction career training to try to pretend that this is green jobs. Hp gas online So they’re not only reinforcing the fossil fuel industry, they’re actually taking money that was earmarked for green jobs training and using it to subsidize the oil industry.”

Julie Gassner, the Wind River Job Corps Center’s director, argues that Job Corps’ task is not to take sides in the politicized environmental debate.

“For us, as a training program, the political issue is not the issue that we’re arguing,” she says. Gas vs diesel rv “We are providing a workforce that’s going to be knowledgeable on how to conserve and protect the world that we live in.”

Each Job Corps student, including those in the petroleum technician program, must complete a training protocol that includes building awareness of recycling and other green practices, Gassner says.

“They are being trained on the green side of petroleum, so it’s not all damaging to the environment,” she says. Grade 9 electricity unit “Can we solve it all? No. Chapter 7 electricity test But we can train a workforce that is prepared to help make that industry greener.”

Gassner says a greener oilfield is one in which operators know how to properly process, package, and handle the petroleum products they work with.

“Our students are learning of these techniques so that when they go out on the job, they can be mindful of, you know, you don’t just dump stuff anywhere.”

But for petroleum tech students, these lessons come from sources with ties to the oil and gas industry, which has an incentive to overstate its commitment to green practices. Gas bloating after eating It was on a field trip to a facility run by ConocoPhillips, one of the program’s primary partners, where students Ryan Braae and Valentina Quinonez learned about industry efforts to stop the emission of harmful gasses.

“They have these devices that, instead of burning carbon out into the atmosphere, they keep it and throw it away,” Braae says. 2015 electricity rates “It takes the carbons, and keeps the carbons, and burns everything else.”

“It’s a continuous flame,” Quinonez adds, “so the chemicals themselves don’t go up into the atmosphere. Gas finder map It’s a lot better if you burn them than if you just release them.”

The practices the students describe have become primary talking points for ConocoPhillips as part of the oil giant’s proclaimed commitment to environmentally friendly practices. Grade 9 electricity But industry reports point out that ConocoPhillips has for years leaked more methane into the atmosphere than any other company in the world. O gastro Despite recent emissions cuts it remains a massive polluter.