Oklahoma’s rise in quakes linked to man-made causes – cbs news 5 gases

60 Minutes correspondent Bill Whitaker and producer David Schneider, a former and current Californian, respectively, are no strangers to earthqua… The vast majority of earthquakes are small, causing little or no damage. Electricity and magnetism But what they lack in punch, they make up in sheer volume.

Hp gas This tally from the U.S. Electricity physics pdf Geological Survey shows the number of earthquakes in Oklahoma has increased every year since 2009 with more than 2,000 magnitude 3 and above. Gaz 67 for sale That means more of the bigger ones, like this 4.3 magnitude quake last December in Edmond, Oklahoma. Getting rid of the water means sending it down a disposal well that’s drilled deep below the freshwater aquifers — to prevent their contamination — and the zone where it came from.

LaRue’s disposal well is one of more than 3,000 in Oklahoma. Electricity usage by country The state created a website to explain the earthquakes — this map shows disposal wells as blue dots. 850 gas block The orange dots are earthquakes. Electricity for beginners When the price of oil went over a hundred dollars a barrel in 2008, oil and gas production increased dramatically. Gas vs electric stove top So did the amount of wastewater and earthquakes. Mark Zoback: What we’ve learned in Oklahoma is that the earthquakes that are occurring in enormous numbers are the result of wastewater injection. Mark Zoback is professor of geophysics at Stanford University. Electricity static electricity Zoback says there are two factors behind the earthquakes. Electricity 4th grade powerpoint One is the large volumes of water being disposed and the other is where it all goes: deep down into a layer of earth called the Arbuckle. The only problem with the Arbuckle is that it sits directly on top of the crystalline basement — a rock layer riddled with earthquake faults. Mark Zoback: The water pressure is seeping into the faults. Gas utility bill And the fault is clamped shut and the water pressure sorta pushes the two sides of the fault apart and allows the slippage to occur today, when it might not occur for thousands of years into the future. Earthquakes are now a daily occurrence in Oklahoma, but it was three quakes in November, 2011, near the town of Prague that caught everyone’s attention. 3 main gas laws One was magnitude 5.6 — the largest in Oklahoma’s history. Types of electricity pdf It toppled a spire at St. Electricity video ks1 Gregory’s University and severely damaged 14 houses, including the one where John and Jerri Loveland live with their two children. Like most Oklahomans, the Lovelands didn’t have earthquake insurance and have been doing their own repairs to save money. Nyc electricity cost More than four years after the quake, Jerri Loveland often resorts to simply hiding the damage. Jerri Loveland: I’m afraid that if we went in and fixed these and then there was another earthquake, even a little, it’s gonna crack it all and then you’ve done all that work for no reason. Jerri Loveland: It’s not fixing it. Gas pedal lyrics But that’s our only choice. K electric jobs 2015 It’s not like we have the money to bulldoze the house down and start over. Electricity outage san antonio That’d be great. Electricity experiments But it’s not gonna happen. Electricity production We have a mortgage. Electricity will not generally cause We live on one income. Electricity 2pm And I realize that that’s our choice, but our choice was great when somebody else didn’t screw our house up, so– and that’s proven fact that somebody did it. Gas engine efficiency It’s not a natural disaster. Oil and gas is Oklahoma’s largest industry. Gas guzzler tax In recent years, companies like SandRidge, Chesapeake, New Dominion and Devon Energy have employed nearly one of six workers in Oklahoma. Gas in oil car All the companies declined to provide someone to speak to us. Gas constant mmhg For years, Gov. Electricity related words Mary Fallin was skeptical the quakes were connected to oil and gas production. U gas cedar hill mo But as the number of quakes skyrocketed, she created an advisory council in 2014 to study the situation. Gas dryer vs electric dryer cost savings Last summer, Fallin conceded a connection. Gov. C gastronomie limonest Mary Fallin: I think we all know now that there is a direct correlation between the increase of earthquakes that we’ve seen in Oklahoma with disposal wells… Nonetheless, last year, the state cut the budget of the agencies investigating the quakes and regulating the oil and gas industry. Electricity review worksheet answers Kim Hatfield of the Oklahoma Independent Petroleum Association sits on the governor’s council. Gas in oil tank He did agree to an interview and insists the science is inconclusive. Kim Hatfield: You have to understand that injection into the Arbuckle is not something that started in 2009, 2008, or even 2000. K gas constant This is something that’s been going on for 60, 70 years. Z gas tijuana telefono And we’ve had– had a sudden change. Electricity quiz 4th grade And the question is what changed. The amount of wastewater injected into disposal wells last year is triple what it was in 2009, adding up to more than 200 billion gallons of water in seven years. Bill Whitaker: The thing that’s different is the amount of water that the oil industry is pumping into the Arbuckle Formation. Pictures electricity pylons That’s what’s different. Electricity was invented in what year And along with that difference comes these earthquakes. Gas mask bong how to use That’s not the trigger? Kim Hatfield: We need to understand this issue. Electricity generation in california It’s not as simple as saying, “Well, let’s just stop injecting water.” The energy industry is very important to the state. Mike Teague is Oklahoma’s Secretary of Energy and Environment. Electricity hair stand up He’s got the tough job of protecting Oklahoma’s anxious citizens without damaging it’s most important industry. Mike Teague: I keep track of all earthquakes above a 3.0 in the state and 2012 we had three dozen in the entire year. Gas youtube 2013 we had 109. Gas yoga Next year we 585. Gas oil ratio for leaf blower Last year we had 907. Mark Zoback: Lowering the total amount of salt water injection into the Arbuckle is the only way that these earthquakes are gonna start to subside. Mark Zoback: There’s nothing we know that says larger earthquakes are imminent. Gas variables pogil answers But everything we know says that the earthquakes are, are going to be continuing. Gas vs electric oven And there is a probability of larger earthquakes in the future, if they do nothing. This winter, the state called for widespread voluntary reductions in wastewater disposal by as much as 45 percent in earthquake zones. E gaskell north and south More than 600 wells are covered by the cutbacks. Z gas tecate telefono Last year, when neighboring Kansas had similar seismic activity, it reduced oil wastewater disposal and saw a 60 percent drop in quakes from the year before. Electricity lessons for 5th grade But considering the huge volume of water already pumped underground in Oklahoma, it’s too early to know whether the cuts here will succeed. Grade 6 science electricity test Nowhere is the need for action more urgent than Cushing, Oklahoma. Cushing is home to the nation’s largest crude oil storage and pipeline facilities which the Department of Homeland Security calls critical infrastructure. Static electricity jokes The complex was rocked by a series of earthquakes last fall. Site: http://www.cbsnews.com/news/60-minutes-oklahoma-rise-in-quakes-linked-to-man-made-causes-2/