Old testament prof. levine-religion gas stoichiometry examples


The Old Testament, or Tanakh, was written in ancient Israel over 1,000 years by many authors. What can this book teach us about the ancient Israelites? What does our faith find in new scholarly understanding? As scripture or as the most influential piece of literature ever written, this book is a source of constant wonder, inspiration, and intrigue.

It is cited on the floor of the Senate and from the bench in the courtroom. Contemporary politics is inextricably intertwined with it, from conflict in the Middle East to the claim by many in the United States that a return to "biblical values"is warranted.

The Bible influenced the Pilgrims to leave England in the 17th century; it inspired the founders of the new republic in the 18th; it roused both slave and abolitionist to seek a new Moses and sponsor a new Exodus in the 19th and the Jews to establish a homeland in the 20th.

It has meant more to more people than any other book in history. The influence of ancient Israel‘s religious and national literature is evident in everything from medieval mystery plays to modern novels, art, music, theater, film, and dance.

As Professor Amy-Jill Levine observes: "The Old Testament is endlessly fascinating because it offers everything to explore: myth, saga, and history; tragedy, comedy, and farce; economics and politics; literature and poetry of surpassing beauty; court intrigue and prophetic morality; heavenly miracles and sometimes heavenly silence; questions of theodicy; answers that satisfy and answers that may not; destruction and rebuilding; despair and hope."

Professor Levine‘s commentary thoughtfully explores selected passages from the texts called the Old Testament, the Hebrew Bible, and the Tanakh. She provides clear examples of how various approaches to biblical research and interpretation can enrich your understanding of this inexhaustibly fruitful and powerful text.

Customers concur: "Levine is dynamic, exciting to listen to, and her knowledge of her subject is well organized and conveyed." "Wonderful course. Interestingly taught. Thought provoking, stimulating. Wow!" A Conceptual Road Map to Biblical Studies

The Old Testament prophets’ poetic calls for personal and social justice continue to urge people and nations to reform their lives, even as biblical wisdom literature challenges our views of God, and the Psalms enrich the prayer lives of millions.

Studded with genres ranging from myth and saga to law and proverb, from military history to love poetry, informed by world-views radically different from yet still fundamental to our own, the Old Testament tells a people’s sacred story. It is a narrative of divine action in history that is holy writ to Jews, Christians, and Muslims alike.

The method of the course is to discuss especially interesting or prominent passages from a cross-section of all the genres the Old Testament contains, using each passage as an example of how to apply a particular method of interpretation to the Bible.

Often Professor Levine uses representative figures or episodes as a highway into biblical meaning. Whether it’s the story of Adam and Eve from Genesis, David and Bathsheba from II Samuel, or the apocalyptic imagery found in the book of Daniel, she brings biblical characters and passages to life and vividly reveals the magnificent artistry that suffuses the Old Testament.

Through these lectures, you will not only probe the content of the biblical books, but you will also explore debates over their meaning, the historical and cultural situations they reflect and address, and the critical methods by which they have been interpreted.

Even if you know the Old Testament well, you will find it enlightening to hear Professor Levine discuss how it appears against the larger background of the ancient Near East as revealed by research in archaeology, cross-cultural studies, and comparative religion.

Although she focuses on historical and literary issues, Professor Levine also provides thoughtful reflections and useful information on the religious questions that arise from these sacred texts, and the lectures do not avoid raising issues of religious concern.

The goal of an academic course in biblical studies, she maintains, is not to undermine religious faith, but to use the best available knowledge and research to give believers richer insight into the writings that form their spiritual bedrock.

"Old Testament" I really enjoyed this course and will listen to her again after a bit of time. The speaker is easy to listen to and to follow. It is best for those wishing to go beyond just reading the bible as it is written. I was going to write more but I think it best to cut and paste the following:

"Among the methods used in the academic study of the Bible, the following have had a substantial impact. Historical-critical approaches seek to situate biblical material in its original context and test the accuracy of its presentation. Archaeology has been used to prove, disprove, and understand biblical content and philological investigation of the language of the text— primarily Hebrew, with some in the cognate, Aramaic—makes translation more precise. There can also be a literary-critical approach, revealing textual artistry and complexity. Recognition of literary conventions (“type scenes”); tracing of themes throughout several narratives; and attention to irony, puns, and multiple interpretations of the same passage increase appreciation of the narrative. Even those who believe that a text recounts a historical event or that “history” is the only approach worth pursing might still consider the manner in which the event is recounted: How is the story told? With what agenda? For whose benefit?"

The Old Testament – Very Odd and Useless One would suppose that a review of the Old Testament would be something other than someone’s superficial sociological references to the Biblical "myths" (won’t call them stories). I worry about her New Testament students if this NON-Theological, not thoughtful (i.e., shallow) understanding of the Old Testament is what she is teaching in her courses. She actually claims that the stories in the Old Testament were written (meaning created by their authors) in the Davidic period when the truth is that these stories were part of the history of the Hebrews from way back, AND she misunderstands completely the immense importance of the fact that different versions of these stories were kept in. Why would that be unless these stories were fundamental to the Jewish people and so could not be ignored. And why would a teacher of the Bible not include any discussion of the theology – the religious meaning of this monumental collection. She doesn’t seem to have a clue that the Hebrews were one of the most insignificant people ever to appear on Earth – tiny, almost no physical resources, former slaves, no military history at all – who NONETHELESS are still around and historically important. These are a people who had nothing but their God.

So I am going to return both copies to you. I don’t expect a refund, but I don’t want them around, and I guarantee you that I won’t by any other religious offering from the Great Courses. Also, you should review your Foundations of Western Civilization, Part I. In it the instructor gives a VASTLY better, more meaningful description of the importance of the "Hebrew Scriptures."