(Pdf) women entrepreneurship in sindh developing a conceptual framework from empirical evidence up electricity bill payment online


This study seeks to identify socioeconomic and cultural problems women entrepreneurs (WEs) face in start up or continuing the business. A careful review of literature regarding frameworks and model on WEs in Sindh and Pakistan was made. Review suggests there is an acute shortage of the research evidence on the subject. Consequently, this study embarked upon contributing empirical evidence gathered form Karachi, Hyderabad and Larkana cities of Sindh province in Pakistan. Twenty eight in-depth interviews were conducted direct observation also made. This study empirically investigated multiple effects of socio-cultural, familial financial, managerial and governmental influences which cause or ease problems and opportunities for women entrepreneurs. The findings reveal female entrepreneurs experience hard times in start up and maintaining business in male dominated society. However, urbanised women gas x dosage pregnancy seemed more educated and belong to well-off families who support them. As a result they get their problems shared with family and friends and grow bit faster. In the last section, we discussed policy implications.

Women play a crucial role in the economic development of their families and communities but certain obstacles such as poverty, unemployment, low household income electricity distribution companies and societal discrimination mostly in developing countries have hindered their effective performance of that role. As such, most of them embark on entrepreneurial activities to support their families. It is discovered that women entrepreneurship could be an effective strategy for poverty reduction in a country; since women are the worst hit in such situation. However, it is discovered that women entrepreneurs, especially in developing countries, do not have easy access to micro-finance factors for their entrepreneurial activity and as such have low business performance than their men counterparts, whereas the rate of their participation in the informal sector of the economy is higher than males, and micro-finance factors could have positive effect on enterprise performance. The objective of this study is to examine the effect of credit, savings 66 gas station near me, training and social capital on women entrepreneurs’ performance in Nigeria. The study involves a survey using structured questionnaire and an in-depth interview to solicit responses from women entrepreneurs, and secondary data from micro-finance institutions. Data analysis involves the use of Structural Equation Modelling.

Entrepreneurs have changed the corridors of trade, commerce, and markets, through new goods, services and provide ways to modernization and creativeness. It is determined that forces of patriarchy, to a great extent manipulating their professional role and prohibit women to take part in economic activities independently. The study emphasized whether networking enable intended female entrepreneurs to overcome social, cultural, legal, and religious barriers faced by women entrepreneurs in Pakistan. The target population for this study was 950 women entrepreneurs (N = 950) and the sample size consisted of 428 women entrepreneurs engaged in SME all over Pakistan (n = 428). This study used non-probability snowball sampling technique. The study was carried out gas bloating in two stages with independent sample. The present study proves that networking is supporting women entrepreneurship. The study shows that capability and opportunity recognition is higher among those women who are young, engaged in networking, and have business management background.

This paper describes the characteristics of Chinese female entrepreneurs in Hong Kong. Personal interviews have been used to study the female entrepreneurs’ motivations in terms of reasons for start up, and their personality qualities in terms of personality profile and personality type. In order to elucidate the distinct characteristics of the female entrepreneurs in this study, a sample of males is included and the findings of previous studies on female entrepreneurs are also employed for comparisons and contrasts. Ths findings tend to point out that, although times have changed and the environment may be more accepting of women in the workplace, there are issues, including strong orientation to family and subordination to male family members at work, that continue to be gender specific to Chinese female gas 2015 entrepreneurs. Although gender seems pertinent to understanding the reasons for start up, personality type is not significant. There is no one specific personality type that can be described as a female or male entrepreneurs’ personality. But the empirical-based typology of personality types derived from this study is useful in understanding the major types of entrepreneurs.

This study examines the relationship of subsidy of dairy products on intake of milk and milk by products. In this contest we also examined the protective effects of milk against fatal diseases, the per day cost of intake for dairy products and determine current gas leak in car consumption level of milk in different age groups. Study Period Design: The study was conducted during January to April 2013 at … [Show full abstract] district Hyderabad Sindh Pakistan. The sampling subject was youth age group 16-25 years and sample size was 200. In this questionnaire base study primary and secondary data was collected. Result: The results were concluded through Z test and categorical analysis. It is found out that, due to high price about 70% youth is unable to consume milk and other dairy byproducts. Therefore, they come across with numerous health issues such as low capacity of work, eye sight problem, low body weight and height, having difficulty to take part in competitions like marathon, body building, and athletics. Also, it is concluded that about 40% subsidies on milk price may raised to 80% consumption level in youth. © 2014, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences. All rights reserved electricity symbols ks2. Read more

Purpose – The context of Hong Kong has nurtured numerous small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in which the owner/managers have exhibited rather consistent set of characteristics over decades despite shifts in the industrial structure. The purpose of this paper is to investigate how such characteristics can sustain in different industrial environments. Design/methodology/approach – By using … [Show full abstract] the competency approach on a sample of 153 SME owner/managers in the wholesale trade and IT services industries, we conducted hypothesis testing on comparing first, the overall rankings of ten competency areas for SME owner/managers, and second, the ratings of individual competency areas between the two industries. Findings – While there are consistent patterns of competencies across these two contrasting gas bijoux discount code industries in Hong Kong, the owner/managers in IT services industry have significantly higher ratings in innovative, strategic and learning competencies than those in the wholesale trade industry. Research limitations/implications – Entrepreneurial competencies are not only stimulated or sharpened by the requirements of different industrial environments, but also rooted in the common socio-cultural background of the owner/managers. Practical implications – With the ever closer economic and socio-cultural integration with China, a completely new pattern of entrepreneurial competencies may be required in a new context of entrepreneurship in Hong Kong. Originality/value – The application of the competency approach allows us to investigate the respective impacts of industrial and socio-cultural factors in the development of entrepreneurial characteristics, particularly those about Chinese SME owner/managers in Hong Kong. Read more

This study discusses the socio-economic background of the selected women entrepreneurs in Tuticorin District and examines the factors motivating women to become entrepreneur. The present study is to be based both on secondary as well as primary data. The study demonstrates that 36% of women completed only primary school and 34% women started their business at the age of 20-25. The study disclosed … [Show full abstract] that ideal gas questions 4% of the respondents are earning an income up to Rs.10000, 20% of the respondents are earning Rs.10000-15000 monthly, 10% of the respondents are earning Rs.15000-20000 monthly, and the others 66% of the respondents are earning above Rs.20000 respectively. The average monthly income of the women entrepreneurs’ family is Rs.19400. The study reveals the monthly income of the respondent’s before and after entering the enterprise la gas. Before entering the enterprise 17.1% of the respondents had monthly family income of less than Rs.10000, whereas after entering the enterprise 10% of the respondents had monthly family income of less than Rs.10000. 30% of the respondents had monthly income between Rs.10000- 15000 before entering the enterprise, which decreased by 21.4% after entering the enterprise. 25.7 per cent, 20 per cent and 7.1 per cent of the respondents had monthly family income between Rs.15000-20000, Rs.20000-25000 and above Rs.25000 respectively before entering the enterprise. But after entering the enterprise it was 18.6, 12.8 and 37.1% respectively. View full-text Discover more