Penmon family history and related topics – beaumaris area chronology electricity quiz grade 9

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Aber Lleiniog; A timber built Aber Lleiniog Castle (Castell Aber Llienawg), was built by Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester. It stood on the left of the Lleiniog stream, about two miles south west of Penmon where the stream enters the Menai Straits. (see 1094)Communication with the shore was made by means of a sunken way, which has now disappeared. A low mound, situated on the north side of the mouth of the stream, may have been the site of an outwork intended to guard the landing.

Aber Lleiniog; Aber Lleiniog Castle was attacked by Magnus, King of Norway, when Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester and Hugh the Proud, Earl of Shrewsbury were encamped there. During the fierce battle one of Magnus’ bowmen shot Hugh of Shrewsbury in the eye, whereupon Magnus, seeing him in his death agony, cried "Liet loup! Let him dance! A punishment merited for the cruelties committed by him on the poor inhabitants." (see middle ages)

Penmon; Prisoners taken by the Earl of Chester and Hugh the Proud, Earl of Shrewsbury, when they suppressed the insurrection of the Welsh in Anglesey were executed. Cae Grogi, or Marian Crogwydd, a field situated about three quarters of a mile westward from Penmon Priory , is believed to be the site of the executions, and two holes sunk in the limestone rock, still visible until recently, were the slots made to hold the gallows. (see 12 th Century)

Beaumaris; Sir Richard Bulkeley wrote to the King’s secretary Thomas Cromwell that " The royal castles of North Wales are unfurnished and have neither guns nor powder, nor other artillery, apart from eight or ten small pieces in Bewmares possessed by the writer. Has provided three barrels of gunpowder, some shot, forty bows, and forty sheaves of arrows, with as many coats of fence and sallets and splinters, at his own cost; this is inadequate for such a fortress. power kinetic energy Conwey, Carn, and Hardlach castles have nothing in them to defend them for one hour. If enemies secure them "hit wold cost his majestie a hundreth thowsand of his pounds and the losse of mayny a man affor’ they shuld be gotten again". 1 unit electricity cost in andhra pradesh Anglesey is but a night’s sailing from Scotland … .. beseeches a couple of gunners and some good ordnance and powder to defend the King’s house in Biwmares"". (see 1609)

Beaumaris; Piracy was rife. Bardsey Island was as much the haunt of pirates as it had once been of saints. At Beaumaris, Sir Richard Bulkeley was not above giving his support to Hugh Griffith, a native of Cefn Amlwch in Llyn and perhaps the most cruel sea- robber of them all. Sir Richard Bulkeley’s younger brother Edward turned pirate, met his death on the pirate infested Barbary coast of north Africa.

Beaumaris; Rowland ap Robert, the town’s Postmaster requested guide posts be sunk on Lavan Sands to assist with hazardous crossing to the Welsh mainland when the tide was out. Passage was only possible some three or four hours out of every twelve. He was concerned about the Royal mail. u gas hampton He wrote "when sudden mistes and fogs doe fall, for the danger is very great upon the sandes that ye Kinges packets and subjects are like to perishe". (see c1635)

Beaumaris; The town became a vital link in communication between London and Dublin ever since the public postal system had been established during the reign of Charles I in 1635. (see 1685) The Beaumaris postmaster, Randolph Evans, was responsible for conveying the mail between Conway and Holyhead. He received an annual salary of £60. (see 1685)

Beaumaris; Story relating to the taking of the castle. "Among those who fought for King Charles at St Mary’s field was a yeoman of the name of Howell, of Wern, Llanddona. This hero, when he found that the Royalists party was routed and had fled refuge to Beaumaris Castle , retired stealthily to the beach of that town, under the green, and having turned one boat on top of another over himself, he fired from his hiding place on the besiegers, who were on the Green, until his ammunition was all spent. He then crept from between the boats, reached the Friars unobserved, where a servant was waiting for him with a horse, which he mounted, and rode home with all speed. However, by the time he was on part of his own land, called Mynydd y Wern, he was surrounded by a party of the Parliamentarians, who were determined to take him prisoner; seeing which, he urged his horse over a precipice and was killed on the spot, under the brow of a rock called to this day, Craig Howell. The horse and its rider were buried together, and over the grave a little mound of stones was raised, which, until within the memory of a late tenant of Wern, was whitewashed occasionally by the descendants of the loyalist hero." (see 1648)

Conway; Lord Conway’s agent, supervising the dismantling of Conway Castle wrote about the difficulties and dangers encountered in taking down the lead roofs there."I feare I can have no workman here that knowethe how to doe it, but I here there is one at Bewmares that hath taken downe one or two Castels alredye, and tomorrow I doe intend to gett him". (see1807)

Parys Mountain; An exceptionally rich seam of copper was discovered. gas vs electric oven efficiency Jonathan Roose was sent for from Penrhyn. He offered a prize of a bottle of brandy for the first man to strike the ore. The lucky prize winner was one Roland Pugh,who was also granted a cottage rent free for life, and enjoyed the honour of being ‘chaired’ at the annual celebration of the great discovery. (see 1775)

Parys Mountain; Thomas Pennant in his tour of Wales, described the mines in operation as impressive. He said it was ‘ the most considerable body of copper ore perhaps ever known’. ‘Suffocating fumes issue from the burniing heaps of copper, and extend their baleful influence for miles around. In the adjacent parts, vegetastion is nearly destroyed, and even the mosses and lichens of the rocks have perished’. (see 1780)

Beaumaris; The town, along with Holyead, was the first to have a gas works, following a Treasury loan. Pipes laid down through town, 24 lamps erected at a cost of £63 (£60 by public donations) Some lamps were still lit all night in winter and others until midnight. electricity use in the us On moonlit nights, none were lit at all. In summer, the lamps were removed. Annual cost of street lighting estimated at £50. (see 1900)

Beaumaris; The town had almost 80 shops, including 24 grocers, and dealers in sundries, 8 butchers, 8 bakers, 5 drapers, 5 chemists and druggists, 3 ironmongers, 2 booksellers, 2 confectioners and 2 hairdressers. There were also a number of craftsmen without shop premises, doing spare-time selling from a back room, such as shoemakers, saddlers, tailors, dressmakers, milliners and hatters. (see 1861)

Penmon; The brig ‘Jabez’ was stranded on Dutchman’s Bank in heavy seas. After a tremendous struggle, the lifeboat got alongside, rescuing five of the crew. The Master refused to leave and was later drowned when he tried to get ashore in his own dinghy. The lifeboat capsized after being hit by an enormous wave, but quickly righted itself. This proved to be its last service. (see 14.04.1868)

Beaumaris; Sir Richard Bulkeley Williams Bart died. gsa 2016 new orleans A memorial to him was built on the crest of a hill behind the town. A bronze plate in the pedestal describes memorial….’Erected in honour of Sir Richard Bulkeley Willaims Bart, of Baron Hill by his tenants, neighbours and friends who cherish his memory. As a pioneer of agriculture, he was energetic and munificent. He was always ready to promote the welfare and the enjoyment of all around him, and so fulfilled the various duties of his station as to win the affection and respect of his countrymen’.

Penmon; A disabled steamer, ‘Pioneer’ of Dublin broke away from tugs steering her and was driven ashore on Puffin Island. gas variables pogil extension questions Mr W.M. Preston ran four miles into the full fury of the gale to get the lifeboat ready because some of the regular lifeboatmen were away at the time. The steam tug ‘Royal Saxon’ took the lifeboat in to the storm and it was eventually able to assist ten members of the crew. Mr Preston received the ‘Thanks of Vellum’ by the R.N.L.I.. This was the last service by the lifeboat ‘Christopher Brown’. (see March 1880)

Beaumaris; New Crown Post Office built by Sir Richard Bulkeley was opened in Church Street and leased to the Post Office for £66 per annum. Two shops demolished to make way for it; George Warmsley. Tobacconist and Hairdresser, and Lewis Owen, Cycle Dealer. The Postmaster’s salary was raised to £117 when the office opened, as he was responsible for an establishment of 2 town postmen, 6 rural letter-carriers, 4 telegram boys, 2 soretiing clerks and 3 female telegraphists. (see 1910)

Beaumaris; Living conditions scarcely improved since 1879, when a borough surveyor made a detailed inspection of the town’s housing stock. Houses in the working class areas revealed the deep inequalities within the Edwardian society. gas exchange in the lungs occurs due to Of the 254 houses visited in Chapel St, New St, Wexham St and the Clay Pots area, 37 were in a state of dilapidation, both inside and out, with some described as being unfit to live in. (see 1914)

Beaumaris; A Royal Commission Report concluded that 48% of the town population over the age of 5 were chapel goers, and almost 66% of them were Calvinistic Methodists, with another 16% attending St Mary’s Church . Capel Drindod (340) and Capel Seion (184) each held between 8 and 9 services every week. For many a poor family, even a penny was too much to put in the collection box. 55% of Beaumaris children under 15 were Sunday School members (31% chapel and 24 % church). (see 1929)