People of the bear natural history electricity wikipedia simple english


Most modern Westerners find the idea of killing a bear extremely perverse. electricity and magnetism study guide 5th grade After all, we’ve all grown up with a bit of that subtle propaganda about their gentle ways. Winnie-the-Pooh, Paddington, and countless Teddy Bears have all given us the impression that a bear is sort of like a rotund dog that lives in the forest on nuts and bears and sometimes wanders down to a river and catches salmon.

But to my ancestors who wandered deep into Appalachia in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the bear was both a scourge and a bounty on the land. It was a scourge because many black bears became sheep and pig killers, and livestock was not easily brought over from Europe. But for those who came to trap beaver and hunt deer for hides, the bear was something else: the finest quality red meat that nature provided.

Variously called John, Jacob, and Jehu Summers, my six or seven greats grandfather was famous for his Appalachian frontier wanderings. He was born in the Shenandoah Valley in settlement that consisted mostly of Germans from Pennsylvania. He was only the second generation removed from the Palatinate, but his father moved the whole family into the deep Alleghenies to roughly the place where Summersville, West Virgina is located. (The name was originally spelled Somers).

After his service, he went back into the Alleghenies, going into the Western foothills, where he trapped beaver and sold a fortune to John Jacob Astor. He made a mistake by putting up a bond for the sheriff of the county, who then absconded, and he had pay his whole fortune to cover the debt. And then he went a bit west, where the bears still roamed in big numbers.

He saw the bear as the thing that might kill him or his dogs while hunted in the woods. Even though only a single black bear has ever killed anyone in the history of West Virginia, perhaps he knew of a few nasty stories of bears carrying off sheep or swine from his grandparents. electricity drinking game They were of the farming generation, not wild men of the mountains like Summers clan.

That killer bear, by the way, offed three children while they were out flower picking in the high mountains of Randolph County. They were unaccompanied minors, and the bear was a nice young boar, perhaps just testing out a new food source that he’d never really seen before. The bear was tracked down and killed in short order, so he never became one of those habitual man-eaters of the forest, which we all hear stories about but only rarely see properly documented.

Never mind that the wilderness is no longer there. Never mind that the bears, when they overpopulate will come into suburbia and tear up things, expensive things. Never mind that the meat of the bear is good and that the hunters pay their license fees to the wildlife departments, which then spend that money on wildlife research and conservation.

Just never mind it all, because we now live in this alienated modern world, which sees man as a devoid of all nature and natural processes. maharashtra electricity e bill payment We are a species with a strong sense of what we call morality, but we live in such immoral, materialistic times. Our political systems are broken, yet so much of the population wants to do right. Politicians on the center-left can no longer provide the level of social democracy they once did, so going along with whatever fancy animal rights cause might be a good way to keep the base settled and on your side.

These spiritual dangerous are magnified when one lives without having any knowledge of how hunting works within the North American model of conservation. It is hunting that pays for so much of the wildlife conservation that we all appreciate, but in our urban worlds, we now believe the hunter is the enemy of the deer, the turkey, and the bear, when indeed it is the hunter that paid for much of what it took to have them restored in such bounty.

Every second we’re talking about some animal rights cause celebre, we’re not talking about real issues of conservation, and it would be far wiser if conservationists would distance themselves from animal rights issues as they can. Animal rights campaigning might be good publicity, but ultimately, the goals of preserving wildlife and endangered species will come up hard against the fanatical cry of “never kill one.”

What I don’t like about elephant hunting is that it targets those mature males, and when the population is just younger males, you have no dominant males telling the younger ones to behave. So you can wind up with a population of dangerous juvenile offenders. There was one park, I forget where, where the young male elephants made a game out of killing rhinos.

Hunting here is really different than it is in most countries. You cannot sell game meat, and all wildlife is managed as a public trust. You can get a private concession in some states and in some situations, but the vast majority of wildlife is publicly owned. All fees are paid to the state in which you hunt, although you can pay for an outfitter in a lot of states, they do not work for any particular concession.

I think our model works because the US is a mostly developed country, and we’ve had 100 years to perfect this model. Most of ours was developed in the early part of the twentieth century with Theodore Roosevelt and several like-minded people. gas prices going up to 5 dollars We don’t have a lot of people living on the land, and our farmers survive with high levels of subsidy.

I wish there were a way to make this work in Africa, because hunting really has helped our cougar and black bear populations in ways that really don’t seem to make sense. If you are a cattle rancher, I’m pretty sure lions are going to be something you hate, because they eat into the profits. Lion poisoning is a big problem in a lot of places, and if there were some way for the ranchers to get paid for dealing with lions that offset their depredations, maybe they wouldn’t. In theory, having a legal hunt might provide some value to the lion, and they wouldn’t be poisoning them.

The US and Canada have done a lot of protect and restore our native predators. r gasquet European countries have done the same, but with slightly different tactics. Latin America has tried to do much the same, but I was excited when the Lula government set aside big swathes of the Amazon for protection, but then nearly died when the new government reopened it.

Conservation issues and human development issues are deeply entwined. I worry that regardless of what happens, lions and leopards, currently the least endangered of big cats, will wind up like the tiger in Asia. I wish there were a way to make it work like cougar conservation in the US. Cougars are doing so well that even California, a state that banned cougar hunting, still has to kill about the same number of cougars through state managers that it would have killed through private hunters. And the cats are working their way east back into their old range, and if a few decades they will be firmly established east of the Mississippi once again. The animals are hunted legally in much of their range in the West.