Plant c archives gas hydrates energy


Four years later, First Energy announced plans to shut down the water pumping station also. John Palo, chairman of the Ashtabula County Port Authority, which owns Plant C, says a devastating loss of jobs would have occurred had the water source not been purchased by the authority. Both Praxair and Cristal Millennium depend upon Plant C’s water for their operations.

Praxair considered purchasing the plant in order to preserve its investment, but the environmental chapter 7 electricity cleanup costs were staggering: massive amounts of asbestos were used throughout the plant; fly ash contaminated with heavy metals, oils and other contaminants would require an investment of millions of dollars just for environmental remediation, let alone repairing the infrastructure.

Concurrent with their negotiations with First Energy, the port authority’s membership was expanded to seven seats. Rob Schimmelpfennig, who came onto the board as a result of that move, recalls his first tour of Plant C. The place was dark and dingy to the point of being scary, littered with asbestos, fly ash and other industrial waste. In the sub-basement, several gas news today stories below the Lake Erie surface and where the huge noisy pumps for the boiler and intake water are located, water spurted from massive pipes and covered the concrete floor. The cost of cleaning asbestos from that room alone would be $250,000.

The port authority obtained a $3 million loan from the Ohio Water Development Authority to purchase the plant and gas 87 tackle the most pressing repairs. Out of those proceeds, the authority paid for the plant, paid back $400,000 the board of commissioners had spent from the general fund for legal and environmental studies, and set aside about $1.2 million to replace motors, pumps and piping.

The companies also pay utility costs associated with the plant — those huge pumps consume about $1 million worth of electricity annually. Praxair operates the plant and maintains it and the associated pumping and delivery system for the authority, whose only responsibility in the deal is to maintain the building (grant money recently paid for $50,000 of roof repairs to a section of the structure). Overall, the two users of Plant C’s water pay about $2 million annually toward the operation and debt service on Plant C.

Palo says the port authority, in its purchase electricity icons free agreement with First Energy, agreed to furnish a “no sue” letter to First Energy, from the Environmental Protection Agency by 2011. Fulfilling that obligation has required the authority to find money for environmental cleanup of the plant and site, which includes holding ponds grade 9 electricity module for fly ash and water contaminated with petroleum products.

A $500,000 Ohio Industrial Site Improvement Fund grant is being used to repair the elevators and clear one of the intake pipes of an accumulation of clay and zebra mussels. Divers are at work in the pipe with a “pig,” which cuts through the debris. The clean line will be used to supply water to the plants; the second line, although encrusted with debris, has sufficient flow to meet the supply needs of the plants in the interim. Palo said there is not enough money to clean the second line, and it will be capped and held in reserve.

Even with the electricity invented in homes reduced flow, the plant can supply 16 to 20 million gallons of raw lake water to industry every day. If both tubes were cleaned and all the pumps were operating, it could supply up to 200 million gallons daily. Palo says this capacity is a significant and rare asset among Lake Erie communities and one worth preserving for the future economic growth of the area. Permits to draw that much water from the lake would be virtually impossible to obtain because of U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and environmental hurdles.

Authority members also see great economic potential in firing up the boilers and once again generating electricity. The port authority entered into an agreement with Duke Energy to study the feasibility of converting the boilers to use biomass fuel, like wood or switch grass. One scenario had local farmers contracting with the operator to plant biomass vegetation on their fields, such as rapidly growing poplar trees.

Duke lost interest in the project last year as the company electricity bill cost’s focus shifted with a change in leadership. The port authority recently signed on with Johnson Controls to perform the same kind of study, using grant money. Johnson has the responsibility of seeking the grants gas jet compressor with which to fund the study, so there is no financial exposure for the port authority.

Palo says if the study shows the operation is feasible, the authority would seek grants to renovate the power-generating section of the plant. The low-cost electricity it produces could be used to attract industry to the area. The authority would put the power on the grid but reserve a portion of it for industry attracted with an offer of lower-cost energy.

So would the cost of getting it to that point. One estimate put it at $150 million. But Palo is quick to point out that that is less than a third of what it would cost to permit, engineer and build a plant of similar capacity. Further, there would not be the time delay involved in going through each step. Just getting the generators built can take two to three years, and environmental permitting can take even longer.

As the authority works with Johnson Controls on finding ways to generate electricity at the plant, it is also seeking grants to upgrade the water-pumping and delivery system extensively. The authority has applied for economic stimulus money that would pay for cleaning the second intake pipe and j gastroenterol hepatol impact factor replace motors and pumps throughout the system.

Even if reviving the power-generation portion of the plant is economically unfeasible, the water-pumping segment will remain gas density and molar mass an essential economic development tool for the county. Nearly 1,000 of the highest-paying industrial and chemical jobs have been retained, and with upgrades, the system would have abundant capacity to meet additional demand and growth. If the generators and boilers can’t be retrofitted to green technology, that portion of the facility could be scrapped out for the steel in the structure and the copper in the generators. Because the site has already been cleaned up environmentally, the value of those metals could run into the millions, estimates Palo.