Plastics the most environmentally-friendly packaging material, concludes new us study electricity transmission vs distribution


06 Dec 2018 — A new US and Canadian study into the environmental effects of plastics has concluded that plastics are more sustainable than the material alternatives in terms of energy use, water consumption, solid waste, greenhouse gas emissions, ozone depletion, eutrophication and acidification. gasco abu dhabi careers Published last month, the study conducted by the Plastics Division of the American Chemistry Council (ACC) found that replacing plastics with alternative materials such as paper and paperboard, glass, steel, aluminum, textiles, rubber and cork would result in significant net negative environmental impacts.

The 172 page report – entitled “Life Cycle Impacts of Plastic Packaging Compared to Substitutes in the United States and Canada: Theoretical Substitution Analysis” – analyzed six packaging types produced and sold in the US and Canada: carrier bags, caps and closures, beverage containers, stretch and shrink film, other rigid packaging and other flexible packaging. The study estimates that these packaging types account for 95 to 99 percent of plastic packaging use in the US.

The analyzed material alternatives to plastics constituted steel, aluminum, glass, paper-based packaging including corrugated board, packaging paper, cardboard (both coated and uncoated), molded fiber, paper-based composites and laminates, fiber-based textiles and wood. electricity and magnetism study guide answers Cork and rubber were included as alternatives in the caps and closures category.

Click to EnlargeThe report clarifies that, “Two scenarios were analyzed for substitute packaging. gas up The ‘no decomposition’ scenario, which includes biogenic CO2 sequestration credit for all the biogenic carbon in landfilled packaging (i.e., no decomposition over time of any landfilled biomass-derived packaging), while the ‘maximum decomposition’ scenario is based on maximum decomposition of uncoated paper and paperboard packaging that is disposed in landfills.”

The scourge of global plastic pollution has become more prevalent in the mind of the consumer as a result of the “Blue Planet effect” and the work of numerous non-profit organizations raising awareness about the pitfalls of the material when left unrecycled. electricity for beginners pdf This has resulted in a number of notable movements, such as the introduction of plastic-free supermarket zones, for example in Amsterdam and London.

Regulatory bodies and big business have responded with support for a circular economy for plastics as defined by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation, while implementing bans and taxes on single-use plastic items such as straws and shopping bags. hp gas online booking phone number Meanwhile, packaging suppliers are launching paper-alternatives to plastics at an increasing rate. gas laws worksheet chapter 5 answers For example, Mondi has substituted plastic for paper in its FlexziBox pet-food bag.

However, there is a feeling in some industry quarters that anti-plastic sentiment is distracting from the net environmental benefits of plastics relative to alternative materials when properly recycled. Susan Selke, Director of the School of Packaging at Michigan State University, US, tells PackagingInsights that plastics have numerous benefits, including “recyclability qualities and the ability to maintain performance through a number of use cycles.”

Steve Russell, Vice President of Plastics, ACC, believes that, “This report builds upon established data on the energy and GHG benefits of plastics, compared to alternatives [and] expands our understanding of critical environmental benefits beyond energy by highlighting key environmental indicators like water use and waste generation.” Click to Enlarge

“Plastics have many properties that make them a popular choice in packaging applications. Properties such as lightweight, durability, flexibility, cushioning and barrier properties make plastic packaging well suited for efficiently containing and protecting many types of products during shipment and delivery to customers without leaks, spoilage, or other damage. gas yoga The results of this substitution analysis show that plastic packaging is also an efficient packaging choice in terms of a variety of environmental impacts,” the report concludes.