Polishing auto detailing guide – detailed image gas bloating back pain


Polishing is the step in the detailing process that yields the most dramatic difference in your paint’s appearance. The objective of polishing is to remove imperfections in the clear coat that cause the paint to look dull. electricity generation in india Surface imperfections can include swirls, scratches, water spots, etchings, industrial fallout, oxidation, etc. These surface imperfections cause light to fragment instead of passing directly through the clear coat yielding less gloss and depth. When these imperfections are removed, you will reveal the true potential of your vehicle’s paint.

A swirl mark is a very thin and shallow scratch on the surface of your paint, that often comes from washing and drying improperly. Waxes, sealants and most glazes will not permanently remove these surface imperfections at best they will hide them temporarily. To eliminate these imperfections safely and permanently you want to polish the surface starting with a less aggressive polish and using more aggressive polishes as needed. The chemical polishing agents and/or the polishing particles will safely remove the extremely fine imperfections. When To Polish Your Car (Return to Top)

We recommend only polishing as needed, which is typically around one to two times per year during a full detail. After a thorough multiple step polishing process has been completed you can maintain the finish properly using the correct washing and drying products and techniques. Keeping the paint in good condition will ensure it needs less frequent polishing. Why Use a Buffer? (Return to Top)

While you can polish by hand, it is highly recommended to use a quality buffer for maximum results. When you remove imperfections in your paint, you are working in polishing particles thoroughly and evenly. To do this by hand, you need to use a fair amount of pressure while moving the pad rather quickly. To put it in perspective, the standard in the industry for buffers is the Porter Cable 7424 XP. This buffer can generate 6,800 oscillations per minute at full speed very safely and effectively. Imagine trying to move your arm 6,800 times per minute for hours on end, all while exerting 10 – 15 lbs of pressure on the applicator pad. It’s impossible to duplicate by hand and it can be tiresome to do a small fraction of this work by hand.

Another main advantage of a buffer is its ability to work with various pads that help increase the polishing power. For example a blue pad is extremely soft so it’s used for extremely fine polishes, but if you use an orange pad it’s more dense and can work in a medium cutting polish extremely well. electricity outage chicago Best of all these pads all use the same hook and loop backing so you simply slap them on and pull them off with ease and no tools are needed. Below we will outline some of the most popular buffers for detailers and what pads and polishes they work great with. There is no one best buffer and there is no one best combination of pad and polishes, however our recommendations come from years of experience and consistently yield excellent results.

Every buffer requires some form of a backing plate that allows you to attach pads to the buffer. Each buffer may have a different requirement for what type of backing plate is needed so make sure you get the correct one. The backing plate may come pre-assembled but many will screw in or otherwise attach to the buffer. It will stay there no matter what type of pad you use as long as it’s the same size. The face of the backing plate is hook and loop (similar to Velcro) which very easily attaches to the back of the hook and loop pads. You simply just center the pad on the backing plate and press it down securely and you are done.

As previously stated a buffer is generally more effective at applying a polish or compound because it can provide more passes and pressure than a normal hand application. The added pressure and passes will work the polish in more thoroughly and effectively removing more of the surface imperfections. However, if you are not able to use a buffer you can still apply polishes by hand and make you’re vehicle look noticeably better. Hand applications are generally completed with one of two methods. The traditional method is a generic hand applicator usually made of foam or microfiber. Another option is to use a product like the Polishing Pal and Lake Country four inch pads to work in the polishes.

The Polishing Pal is a huge help for those who prefer a hand application because of two main advantages over a traditional hand application. The Polishing Pal makes it is easier to distribute the pressure through the entire four inch pad instead of just where your finger tips press. Secondly you can use any of the four inch pads from Lake Country which are a huge help with the polishing process. For example you will get more polishing power with an orange four inch pad and the Polishing Pal versus the same application with a traditional foam applicator. The Polishing Pal can be used with various pads so you use it to apply any compound, polish, glaze, sealant and wax. Many detailers believe the Polishing Pal feels more comfortable to work with and less tiresome.

When it comes to selecting the proper pad for polishing, you want to always make sure you match the aggressiveness of the polish with the aggressiveness of the pad. A mismatched combination can create unnecessary work while wasting your time and product, so take the time to ensure you have the right pad and polish for the job. Most Aggressive To Least Aggressive

Purple foamed wool pads are one of the more aggressive pad we offer. These are typically used on rotary buffers, but can also be used on a dual action buffer or random orbital. What makes them so effective on a rotary buffer is that it offers lots of cutting power with less risk of damaging the clear coat. Because of the air between the wool fibers, the paint remains cooler at high speeds, compared to a foam pad with similar cutting ability. We always recommend following up with finer polish and pad combinations to achieve maximum results when using a purple foamed wool pad.

Yellow cutting pads utilize a very dense foam pad, making them very aggressive in terms of cutting ability. The yellow cutting pads are commonly used for heavy correction using a compound on neglected vehicles. Yellow cutting pads are often used instead of a purple foamed wool pads when looking for maximum cut on a random orbital or dual action buffer. We always recommend following up with finer polish and pad combinations to achieve maximum results when using yellow cutting pads.

Orange light cutting pads are one of the work horse pads for many professional detailers. arkansas gas and oil commission They are most commonly used to apply medium cutting polishes and do a very good job removing swirls, scratches and other imperfections in the paint. We always recommend following up with a finer pad, such as a white polishing pad or black finishing pad whenever using an orange pad. The cyan pad is used in the same manner as the orange pad.

Pink very light cutting pads are becoming more and more popular, especially with the advancements in polishes. They are typically used to apply medium cutting polishes or finishing polishes, when imperfections are not too deep. Pink pads are unique in the sense that you can get good correction out of them, but you also have the potential to finish down nicely. If you decide you want even more depth and gloss, we recommend following up the pink pad with a black finishing pad.

The white polishing pad is one of our most versatile polishing pads. It is commonly used to apply medium cutting polishes, finishing polishes, and chemical polishes. White pads have the ability to finish down nicely without the need of a finer pad, however, you may opt for a finer pad to get the maximum depth and gloss. The tangerine pad is used in the same manner as the white pads.

Blue fine finishing pads are our softest and most porous pad. They are commonly used to apply last step products as they have virtually no bite to them. Blue pads are sometimes used to burnish the paint with the finest polish, Menzerna PO85RD, to bring out the maximum depth and gloss. These pads are also commonly used to apply a sealant or liquid wax. The crimson pad is used in the same manner as the blue pad listed here.

Smaller pads in general will offer you more control with any buffer. gas 87 89 91 Smaller pads also make it easier to maneuver buffers in tighter areas, around corners and closer to trim pieces. On the downside a smaller pad will fill up with product faster than a larger pad. For maximum results, especially when polishing, it’s best to swap the pads out for fresh ones more frequently, especially with the smaller pads. We recommend changing the pad out for a fresh one every couple panels, so you may use 4 – 6 pads per coat. In general, the fresher the pad, the better the results.

Larger pads can cover a larger surface area in less time. This is particularly helpful with a sealant or wax which only needs to be spread nice and thin. We recommend using 2 – 4 pads per coat so you get maximum results while polishing. The downside to this larger surface area is that it’s slightly less effective when trying to thoroughly work in a polish.

With random orbital buffers, such as the Porter Cable 7424 XP, the smaller the pad, the more effective you’ll be able to work in polishes. This is due to the fact that you are concentrating more of the buffers energy over a smaller area. Larger pads on a random orbital do not break down polishes as effectively as smaller pads because the energy is distributed over a larger area.

With a rotary buffer, the opposite holds true. Smaller pads offer less polishing power versus a larger pad. On a rotary buffer, the outer edge of the pad is spinning the fastest. gasbuddy login The larger the pad is, the more cut you are going to get out of a rotary buffer. This can correct imperfections faster than smaller pads, however the risk of leaving behind hazing or holograms is much higher with larger pads on a rotary buffer.

There is no one right size pad, it just depends on your specific goals and the buffer you choose. In general if we have to pick one size we recommend the 5.5" pads as they are a nice happy medium. The 5.5" pads provide enough corrective power while covering plenty of surface area to complete the detail in a timely manner. Popular Polish & Pad Combinations

In order to know if you are getting the results you are looking for when polishing, it is extremely important to invest in quality lighting. One of the most cost effective light sources you can purchase is a Scangrip light. Using the proper lighting will reveal imperfections in your paint and give you a clear understanding if the polishing combination you selected is going to give you the results you’ll be looking for. Caring for Pads

As you polish and your pads become saturated with product, you are going to want to swap them out for fresh pads after every couple of panels. To maximize the life of your pads, it’s highly advised to keep a 5 gallon bucket of water with some Snappy Clean solution mixed in. As you are done with a pad, simply put it in the bucket to begin soaking to release and dissolve the polish right away. This will help keep your pads in like new condition without much work. gas dryer vs electric dryer operating cost When you are done letting the pads soak in the solution, take them out and blast them with a stream of water from your hose or pressure washer. Allow them to completely dry and store them in a labeled Ziploc bag with the product you used with the pad. It is best practice to only use 1 product per pad. Taping

To help reduce the risk of damaging any part of your vehicle, it is best to tape off the areas you want to protect. By properly taping, it also allows you to get as close to trim pieces as possible without damaging them. There are many quality options on the market but we recommend the 3M Automotive Performance Masking Tape. This will release easily from your paint with little to no residue left behind and is easy to clean up. We recommend taping off any area you do not want to polish or get any product on. Common areas to tape are your trim pieces, around emblems, headlights, tail lights, around clear bras, and more. When in doubt, tape it up, it’s better to prevent a problem than to create one. Random Orbital Polisher