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i. The penalty of imprisonment of six (6) months and one day to six (6) years and one day and a fine ranging from Six hundred pesos (Php600.00) to Four thousand pesos (PhP4,000.00) shall be imposed upon any person who shall violate section 13(a) to (c) of this Act and shall not be covered by the Probation Law. electricity physics definition If the offender is a foreigner, he or she shall be deported and barred from any subsequent entry into the Philippines after serving his or her sentence;

ii. In case any violation of this Act is committed by a partnership, corporation, association or any juridical person, the partner, president, director or manager who shall consent to or shall knowingly tolerate such violation shall be directly liable and responsible for the act of the employees and shall be criminally liable as a co-principal;

ii. In the case of corporations or other associations, the above penalty shall be imposed upon the managing partner, president or chief executive in addition to an exemplary damage of at least Five hundred thousand pesos (PhP500,000.00). gas vs electric stove safety If it is a foreign firm, the director and all officers of such foreign firm shall be barred from entry into the Philippines, in addition to the cancellation of its license to do business in the Philippines;

c) Every penalty imposed for the unlawful importation, entry, transport, manufacture, processing, sale or distribution of chemical substances or mixtures into or within the Philippines shall carry with it the confiscation and forfeiture in favor of the Government of the proceeds of the unlawful act and instruments, tools or other improvements including vehicles, sea vessels and aircraft used in or with which the offense was committed. Chemical substances so confiscated and forfeited by the Government at its option shall be turned over to the Department of Environment and Natural Resources for safekeeping and proper disposal.

Section 15. Administrative Fines. – In all cases of violations of this Act, including violations of implementing rules and regulations which have been duly promulgated and published in accordance with Section 16 of this Act, the Secretary of Environment an Natural Resources is hereby authorized to impose a fine of not less than Ten thousand pesos (Php10,000.00), but not more than Fifty thousand pesos (PhP50,000.00) upon any person or entity found guilty thereof. The administrative fines imposed and collected by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources shall accrue to a special fund to be administered by the Department exclusively for projects and research activities relative to toxic substances and mixtures.

The fines, penalties and sanctions of the Philippine EIS System is based on the Section 9.0 provision of P.D. 1586, as follows: " Penalty for Violation.- Any person, corporation or partnership found violating Section 4 of this Decree, or the terms and conditions in the issuance of the Environmental Compliance Certificate, or of the standards, rules and regulations issued by the National Environmental Protection Council pursuant to this Decree shall be punished the suspension or cancellation of his/its certificate and/or a fine in an amount not to exceed fifty thousand pesos (P50,000.00) for every violation thereof, at the discretion of the National Environmental Protection Council."

ECCs may be suspended for violation of Proponents to comply with ECC conditions. electricity videos for students It is noted that ECC suspension does not necessarily mean the Proponent is absolved of its responsibility in implementing its approved Environmental Management Plan (EMP). PD 1586 does not preclude the fact that DENR may require the Proponent to institute environmental safeguards/measures to prevent further threat or actual damage to the environment.

The EMB Director or the EMB-RD may issue a Cease and Desist Order (CDO) based on violations under the Philippine EIS System to prevent grave or irreparable damage to the environment which cannot be attributed to specific environmental laws (e.g. RA 8749, RA 9275, RA 6969, etc). gas z factor Such CDO shall be effective immediately. An appeal or any motion seeking to lift the CDO shall not stay its effectivity. f gas logo However, the DENR shall act on such appeal or motion within ten (10) working days from filing.

Projects which are established and/or operating without an ECC: A project that has commenced its implementation is deemed "operating without an ECC", whether or not it is in actual operation. The phrase "operating without ECC" refers to all projects that were implemented without ECC that should have been required by the P.D. 1586 IRR. Operating with an ECC secured from agencies or entities other than DENR is also considered "operating without an ECC". Projects operating without an ECC shall not be issued EMB regional environmental permits by EMB-PCD/EQD until such projects have complied with the PEISS in securing an ECC.

MINOR Offenses (violations of administrative conditions in the ECC and the EIS System procedures, rules and regulations that will not have direct significant impact on the environment but can impede or delay compliance against other ECC conditions and/or EMP commitments which the Proponent is required to comply or can prevent/deter EMB from performing monitoring or audit functions on the Proponent’s environmental performance) , such as: 1) non-submission or delay in submission of reports/requirements; 2) transfer of ownership of the project/ECC without prior approval from ECC-issuing authority; 3) delay or failure to initiate formation or implementation of ECC conditions which do not have significant impacts on the environment, such as formation of EU, MMT, EMF, EGF, enhancement measures and other similar/equivalent requirements prior to the required deadline in the ECC; 4) non-compliance with other administrative conditions in the ECC; 5) non-compliance with administrative and technical procedural guidelines in the DAO 2003-30 and its Revised Procedural Manual; and 6) Other offenses deemed "minor" at the discretion of the EMB CO/RO Director.

MAJOR Offenses (violations of substantive conditions in the ECC and the EIS System procedures, rules and regulations that will have significant impact on the environment and which the Proponent is required to comply) , such as: 1) non-implementation of substantive conditions in the ECC on the EMP and EMoP and other related substantive commitments in the EIA Report, including modifications during EIA Report Review, 2) exceedance of project limits or area; 3) significant addition of project component or product without prior DENR-EMB approval; 4) major change in project process or technology resulting in unmitigated significant impacts not addressed by approved EMP; 5) Other offenses deemed "major" at the discretion of the EMB CO/RO Director.

For projects operating without an ECC: The sum of P50,000.00 is set as the maximum amount of fine. gas dryer vs electric dryer calculator The amount of fine can be appropriately reduced at the discretion of the Secretary, the EMB Director, or the RD, considering the circumstances of each case, i.e. impact of the violation on the environment. The project may be subjected to penalty following the mechanics of reduction as shown in Table 2-2.

In case of violation of ECC conditions, EMP, or EIS rules and regulations: The sum of P50,000.00 is again set as the maximum amount of fine per violation. Violation of one condition in the ECC is an offense separate and distinct from the violation of another condition. basic electricity quizlet It is possible that a respondent be subjected to a fine of more than P50,000.00 if more than one ECC condition is violated. However, the amount of fine per violation may be accordingly reduced, following the schedule of fines presented in Table 2-3.

Misrepresentation in the EIA Reports or any other documents submitted by the Proponent: This violationshall be subjected to due process and may result to a fine in a fixed maximum amount of PhP50,000.00 for every proven misrepresentation. The Proponent and the preparer responsible for the misrepresentation shall be solidarily liable for the payment of the fine, without prejudice to other EMB actions towards the Proponent or Preparer who repeatedly commit the same offense.