Relations between great democracies_ a squabble over religion between india and america _ the economist

RELATIONS between India and the United States, respectively the world’s most populous democracy and the most powerful one, have burgeoned in recent years. Electric utility companies charge customers for Flourishing trade links, common strategic concerns and a thriving Indian diaspora have underpinned the friendship. Electricity transmission costs But the very fact that both countries are vast, diverse and contentious places can make things a bit harder. Gas in back trapped One of the issues that can cause arguments, within both countries and between them, is the definition of religious freedom.

For the third time, America’s religious-freedom envoys, who travel to such unfree places as Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and China, have been denied entry to India. Gas leak east los angeles A delegation from the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) was supposed to leave for India on March 4th but no visas were forthcoming. Gas bijoux nolita “We are very disappointed, this is a real missed opportunity,” said Katrina Lantos Swett, a commissioner and ex-chairman of the USCIRF.

The State Department expressed its regret but the Indian embassy in Washington, DC, said it failed to see any locus standi for a foreign entity which wanted to pass judgement on the state of constitutionally guaranteed rights in India. Electricity for dummies pdf To which Ms Lantos Swett replies that the visit’s purpose was not to pass judgement; it would have been a low-key investigation designed to make sure that the commission’s advice to the State Department was well-informed. Gas laws worksheet pdf Nor would the visitors have tried to impose American norms on India; they would have tried to ascertain India’s observance of international standards to which virtually all countries have signed up. Z gas tecate telefono One of the commission’s main concerns is the enforcement in several Indian states of “anti-conversion” laws designed to stop Hindus of low status switching to Christianity or Islam.

There is, to put it mildly, a difficult history between the USCIRF and India’s leaders, in particular Narendra Modi, the prime minister. Electricity cost per kwh by country In 2005, Mr Modi was denied entry to the United States on grounds that he bore a share of responsibility, as chief minister of the state of Gujarat, for some terrible inter-religious violence in 2002. Electricity problem in up His admission was refused under the American religious-freedom law of 1998 which also established the USCIRF as a federally mandated but independent watchdog. Electricity bill bihar electricity board For years afterwards, the USCIRF urged the State Department, with some success, to maintain its ban on Mr Modi, as a way of signalling disapproval over the Gujarat violence and the apparent failure to investigate it. 9gag instagram In November 2012, for example, the Commission put it to the State Department that Mr Modi should not be allowed in until there was “full transparency” over Gujarat.

In the background to these decisions there was some vigorous lobbying and counter-lobbying in the United States. Electricity symbols ks2 American evangelicals, and Indians of non-Hindu origin resident in the United States, campaigned against Mr Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), saying its Hindu-nationalist policy was disastrous for other religions. Gas yourself in car But the BJP had a large and vocal following among Hindus who had moved to America; even when Mr Modi was barred from visiting his American followers in person, he was much in demand as a speaker over video linkups. Electricity storage costs India’s political and religious arguments have been exported to the United States.

After Mr Modi won the elections and became prime minister in 2014, there was no question of continuing to exclude him from the United States. K gas station He and Barack Obama have had some high-profile meetings. Gas konigsforst But so strong are the feelings of the American electorate on religious freedom that when he visited India in January 2015, President Obama felt obliged to deliver at least a respectful word of advice on the virtues of allowing all creeds to flourish. Current electricity examples His hosts didn’t like it much, but for some American voters it was the least he could have said.

Last month, eight American senators and 26 members of the House of Representatives wrote to Mr Modi expressing “particular concern” over the the treatment of India’s Christians, Muslims and Sikhs. Electricity shock in the body They said Christians and other minorities in the state of Chhattisgarh had suffered badly since 50 village councils had virtually criminalised non-Hindu religious practices; Muslims were suffering “vigilante violence” because of their use of beef, which is banned in Hinduism; and Sikhs were frustrated because their faith was not recognised as a separate religion. Electricity and magnetism physics definition But given that they were addressing an elected prime minister, the American law-makers were careful to keep the tone polite. Gas estimator They hailed the fact that since taking office Mr Modi had pledged to ensure “complete freedom of faith” and encouraged him to “turn these words into action”.

Doubtless those American legislators would say that in writing to Mr Modi, they were simply expressing the views of their own voters. Power outage houston reliant But India’s current masters seem in no mood to be lectured. Static electricity zapper If pressed, they would probably point out that the world has become a different place, and America’s relative dominance of world affairs much diminished, since 1998.