Responding to the national climate assessment report gas x chewables reviews

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When paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould heard from his doctor that he had a rare and serious stomach cancer, he went straight to the medical library and devoured the scientific literature on his condition. electricity video ks2 He tells this story in his essay The Median Isn’t the Message . “The literature,” he writes, “couldn’t have been more brutally clear: mesothelioma is incurable, with a median mortality of only eight months after discovery.” The prognosis, the science, and the statistics helped Gould understand the nature of the disease, but after sitting in shock with the information, his realized that the most statistically likely life expectancy wasn’t up to chance alone. Attitude, he recognized, matters mightily in living with cancer. Three years later, he wrote about reckoning with the knowledge of having mesothelioma, and lived twenty years longer.

On Black Friday, the U.S. Global Climate Change Research Program released its congressionally mandated fourth national climate assessment report to update the public and lawmakers with information about the evidence and risks of climate change. electricity voltage used in usa This report, reviewed by the UW Program on Climate Change, builds off of previous reports, with more evidence of warming, regional impacts, and details for the public and policy makers. The core science, that human emissions of greenhouse gasses are disrupting ecosystems, agriculture, human health and economies around the world, has been established in the scientific community for decades. This report makes clear that harmful impacts of climate change are occurring already in the U.S.

Increased temperatures and reduced winter snowpack raise the likelihood of more frequent droughts, wildfires, infectious diseases, and other health impacts. The report uses recent wildfires and extreme heat events as case studies for how human health, infrastructure, and the economy is impacted by these climate-sensitive events, as rising temperatures will increase their frequency and intensity in the future.

In Washington, the Department of Ecology allocated almost $7 million in drought relief funds in 2015 (in 2015 dollars). Relief grants were used to provide backup or emergency water supplies for irrigation or human consumption where wells were failing or pumping capacity was inadequate. gas under a dollar Typically small or rural water supply systems are relatively more vulnerable to drought impacts when compared to larger urban systems.

The Washington Department of Health’s vector surveillance program observed an earlier onset of West Nile virus-carrying mosquitoes, and an increasing number of human infections, with some resulting in fatalities. Before 1999, cryptococcal infections were limited to the tropics, but Cryptococcus gatti, the species that causes these infections, is now established in Northwest soil, leading to 76 West Nile cases occurring in Oregon in 2015. gas natural The Oregon Health Authority recorded spikes in cases of Salmonella and E. coli during months with extreme heat in 2015. A large outbreak of Shigellosis (a bacterial diarrheal disease) occurred in late 2015, affecting a large number of homeless people in the Portland Metro region; this outbreak was associated with unusually extreme precipitation.

Communities with higher rates of illness and death often have less adaptive capacity and are more vulnerable to climate stressors. Many people living in the Northwest already struggle to meet basic needs which, if met, could serve as protective factors. People lacking adequate shelter face increased climate risks (such as direct exposure to extreme heat or winter storms), while also having increased vulnerability (such as poorer health and less access to resources).

Children and youth, in general, will likely experience cumulative physical and mental health effects of climate change over their lifetimes due to increased exposure to extreme weather events such as heat stress, trauma from injury, or displacement and increased toxic exposures such as increased ground-level ozone pollution in urban areas or increased risk of drinking water contamination in rural areas. electricity and circuits test Infants and children can be disproportionately affected by toxic exposures because they eat, drink, and breathe more in proportion to their body size.