Signals from distant lightning could help secure electric substations locate a gas station near me

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By analyzing electromagnetic signals emitted by substation components using an independent monitoring system, security personnel could tell if switches and transformers were being tampered with in remote equipment. Background lightning signals from thousands of miles away would authenticate those signals, preventing malicious actors electricity and circuits ppt from injecting fake monitoring information into the system.

The research, done by engineers at the Georgia Institute of Technology, has been tested at substations with two different electricity wiki electric utilities, and by extensive modeling and simulation. Known as radio frequency-based distributed intrusion detection system (RFDIDS), the technique will be described February 26 at the 2019 Network and Distributed System Security Symposium (NDSS) in San Diego.

We should be able to remotely detect any attack gas stoichiometry practice that is modifying the magnetic field around substation components, said Raheem Beyah, Motorola Foundation Professor in Georgia Tech’s School of Electrical and Computer Engineering. We are using a physical phenomenon to determine whether a certain action at a substation has occurred or not.

Opening substation breakers to cause a blackout is one potential power grid attack, and in December 2015, that technique was used to shut off power to 230,000 persons in the Ukraine. Attackers opened breakers in 30 substations and hacked into monitoring systems to convince power grid operators that the grid was operating normally electricity cost per kwh by country. Topping that off, they also attacked call centers to prevent customers from telling operators what was happening.

The electric power grid is difficult to secure because it is so massive, Beyah said. It provides an electrical connection from a generating station to the appliances in your home. Because of this electrical connection, there are many places where a hacker could potentially insert an attack. That’s why we need an independent way to know what’s happening on grid systems.

When a lightning e suvidha electricity bill lucknow flash hits the ground, it forms an electrical path miles tall, potentially carrying hundreds of thousands of amps of current, so that makes for a really powerful antenna radiating energy, said Morris Cohen, an associate professor in the Georgia Tech School of Electrical and Computer Engineering. Each flash creates signals in the very low frequency (VLF) band, which can reflect from the electricity cost las vegas upper atmosphere to travel long distances.

Security staff remotely monitoring substations would be able compare the lightning behind the 60 Hz substation signals to lightning static electricity diagram data from other sources, such as one of the 70,000 or so other substations in the United States or a global lightning database. That would authenticate the information. Since lightning occurs more than three million times every day on average, there is plenty of opportunity to authenticate, he noted.

Even if you could synthesize the RF receiver’s data feed digitally, generating something gas after eating eggs realistic would be difficult because the shape of the pulse from lightning detected by our receivers varies as a function of the distance from the lightning, the time of day, latitude and more, Cohen said. It would take a lot of real-time computation and knowledge of sophisticated physics to synthesize the lightning signals.

The signal from a lightning stroke is very distinct—it is short, around a millisecond, and covers gas leak chicago a huge frequency range, Cohen added. The only other process on Earth that is known to generate something similar is a nuclear explosion. The emissions from the power grid are very different and none of it looks like a pulse from lightning, so it is easy enough to separate the signals.

The researchers have filed a provisional patent on RFDIDS, and hope to further refine the security strategy, which independent of equipment manufacturer. Beyah believes there could be applications beyond the power industry for remote monitoring of other RF-emitting devices. The t gastrobar el tenedor system could tell transit operators if a train were present, for example.