Social acceptability and intensity of renewable energy sources request pdf power outage houston report

############

Renewable energy sources for electricity generation are unequivocally more environmentally friendly than the traditional sources, but are not impact-free electricity experiments for preschoolers. Given the potential for solar photovoltaic energy to contribute to the energy mix in some countries, it is timely to carefully consider the potential environmental costs of operation of photovoltaic farms, which are experienced by the local … [Show full abstract] population, while the general benefits accrue to all. We apply the contingent valuation method to a sample of local residents close to three selected photovoltaic farms in Portugal. Also, we design a discrete choice experiment to elicit the valuation of specific adverse impacts of electricity generation through photovoltaic energy by national residents. Our results show that the value elicited in the vicinity of the photovoltaic farms is non-negligible. On the other hand, national residents ponder the trade-offs implied by the choice sets and value positively electricity and magnetism purcell pdf the different adverse local impacts. Both of these estimates, in conjunction or independently, can be used to fully account for this often neglected cost of solar energy. Furthermore, we argue that when studying the public acceptance of renewables, using stated preference methods explicitly presents the trade-offs between negative impacts and costs, contributing to more realistic portrayal of public opinion. Read more

Despite the often mentioned environmental benefits associated with transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources, their use for electricity production has non-negligible negative environmental impacts. The most commonly mentioned in surveys concern different types of landscape impacts, impacts on the fauna and flora, and noise. These impacts differ by size and electricity 4th grade location of plants, and … [Show full abstract] by source of energy, rendering the policy decision complex. In addition, there are other welfare issues to take into consideration, as positive and negative environmental impacts are not evenly distributed among population groups. This paper proposes to compare the welfare impacts of renewable energy sources controlling for the type of renewable as well as the specific environmental impact by source. To this end, two discrete-choice experiments are gas prices going up to 5 dollars designed and applied to a national sample of the Portuguese population. In one case, only individual negative impacts of renewables are used, and in another case, the negative impacts interact with a specific source. Results show the robustness of discrete-choice experiments as a method to estimate the welfare change induced by the impacts of renewable energy sources. Overall, respondents are willing to pay to reduce the environmental impacts, thus making compensation for gas house pike frederick md local impacts feasible. Moreover, the estimations reveal that respondents are significantly sensitive to the detrimental environmental effects of specific renewable energy sources, being willing to pay more to use these sources of energy relative to others. Read more

Energy production using traditional fossil fuel sources is the major culprit for man-made global climate changes, through emission of greenhouse gases and global warming of the planet. Moreover, in the particular case of Portugal, its scarcity in fossil resources leads to a considerable external energy dependency which, besides being a heavy burden on the national budget, makes the country … [Show gas konigsforst full abstract] extremely vulnerable to external market fluctuations. These reasons together with the political commitment to comply with the Kyoto protocol, and subsequent international agreements, have encouraged the use of renewable energy sources (RES). Nevertheless, the use of the renewables for electricity generation is not completely benign to the environment, being also responsible for causing adverse environmental impacts. The impacts intensity differs however between sources. Damages to the environment from use of RES for electricity production may also impact people’s wellbeing. It is thus our primary objective to estimate individuals’ preferences for the type of renewable electricity sources energies and for the different environmental impacts through the use of the discrete choice experiment (DCE) methodology, eliciting people’s willingness to pay to avoid the environmental impacts of the use of renewables. Read more

Photovoltaic energy for electricity generation has developed considerably in recent years. In countries with high solar radiation indices, as in the case of Portugal, this energy source can be expected to play a significant role in the electricity production mix. The benefits of using this renewable energy source are undeniable, in particular in its contribution to reaching the European and … [Show full abstract] Portuguese climate change goals. However, the operation and expansion of photovoltaic farms causes environmental impacts, which, unlike the benefits, only affect nearby local communities. Some of the environmental burdens electric utility companies in california that have been identified are: land use impacts, eventual reduction of farmable land, thermal pollution, fragmentation of the countryside, landscape intrusion, impacts on fauna and flora, glare effect, and electromagnetic interference. Given the asymmetry of the welfare effects expected from the construction of new photovoltaic farms, or extension of the existing ones, it is important to devise methodologies capable of integrating the welfare gas meter reading impacts on these two groups of stakeholders: the general population, who accrue the benefits, and local communities, who bear the costs. The main objective of this paper is to propose and test a novel approach to fully acknowledge these opposing interests and welfare impacts and thus overcome limitations in conventional analyses that fail to account for them. We propose to elicit local residents’ and general population’s welfare impacts from the presence of photovoltaic farms through mp electricity bill payment the application of two stated preference methodologies, commonly used when valuing environmental goods and services: the contingent valuation method and discrete choice experiments. The former was applied to residents in the vicinity of selected photovoltaic farms installed in the region of Alentejo (Portugal): Hércules, Amareleja, and Ferreira do Alentejo. The latter method was applied among the general population. Our results show that local residents are encumbered by the presence of the photovoltaic farms, and demand significant amounts of compensation. In addition static electricity sound effect, members of the general population are willing to pay as compensation significant monetary amounts, which, attesting to the methodology’s validity, differ depending on the specific environmental impact considered. As a conclusion, this study underlines the importance of not only acknowledging, but also taking into full consideration (in economic terms) the equity implications of photovoltaic projects when deciding their construction and location. Read more Discover more