Sore throat causes and risk factors electricity sound effect mp3 free download


The most common cause of fungal throat infections is Candida albicans, a type of yeast that causes both oral thrush and yeast infection. Infection tends to occur in people with suppressed immune systems with the most severe cases often seen in people with advanced HIV infection. Others at risk include anyone who uses inhaled steroids, wears dentures or has uncontrolled diabetes.

Allergic pharyngitis is inflammation of throat caused primarily by an allergen that enters the nose or mouth. You may experience this when your nose is stuffed up due to seasonal allergies, forcing you to breathe through your mouth. The tissues dry out, causing that scratchy feeling and irritation. You may also have postnasal drip as mucus drains from your nasal passages down the back of your throat. This can lead to inflammation of the throat and tonsils. Or, you may feel like you have a lump in the back of your throat.

In some cases, an allergy might directly affect the throat. This can be seen in cases of anaphylaxis, a potentially life-threatening reaction to certain medications (such as penicillin), foods (such as peanuts), or insect stings. Depending on the severity of the response, symptoms may include a sore throat, rash, fever, and difficulty breathing or swallowing. In more severe cases, it can lead to the constriction of the throat, nausea, vomiting, respiratory failure, shock, and even death.

Acid reflux occurs when stomach acid or bile backs up toward the throat. Both of these digestive fluids are irritating to the mucosal lining of the pharynx and esophagus. Acid reflux can cause a sore throat, particularly when you wake up in the morning or after you’ve been lying down for a while. Acid reflux occurs for many reasons including failure of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) to close or a hiatal hernia.

While acid reflux may be the direct result of something you’ve had to eat or drink, it may also be a persistent condition referred to as gastroesophageal reflux disease ( GERD). When stomach acid often gets up to the throat, this is called laryngopharyngeal reflux.

There is also a genetic predisposition to developing a rheumatic fever after having strep throat. It is thought that genetically susceptible children, especially if they live in poor social conditions, are more likely to get a rheumatic fever after a strep infection. Lifestyle Risk Factors

Exposure to certain substances can cause the direct inflammation of the pharynx and associated organs. Some are inhaled irritants like air pollution, cigarette smoke, and industrial fumes. Others are related to foods and other substances you ingest, such as alcohol, spicy foods, or chewing tobacco.

Strep throat and colds can easily spread in places where large numbers of people interact, particularly in close quarters, such as military training facilities. According to the CDC, school children and those in daycare centers are prone to colds and the spread of strep throat due to being in groups with other children. Parents may also catch these infections from their kids.

While you may not always be able to remove yourself from this kind of exposure, knowing this can help remind you to be diligent about practices that can help you avoid catching illnesses (especially during peak seasons), like hand washing and avoiding drinking fountains.