Special education teaching certification special ed teacher certification 1 unit electricity cost in bangalore

Certification in special education prepares future teachers to individualize lesson plans and instruction to meet the needs of those with varying disabilities. All states have standards related to this type of certification, and the process for how to get certified varies from state to state.

At each level, special education means taking the standard general education curriculum and modifying or individualizing it for children with specific disorders and disabilities. Certification also means knowing what to look for in children with special needs so that early identification of any other disorders or disabilities leads to early intervention programs. Preschool through grade 12 – General Content Knowledge

Regardless of the disability or disabilities that a special education professional addresses, basic content knowledge about teaching special education is required for certification. This content knowledge applies to all children from preschool through grade 12. Special education teachers must be:

Special education teachers must know the basic principles of teaching in this field, principles centering on human growth and development. Those teaching children of special needs must first know and understand normal developmental patterns and milestones, and know when a child doesn’t meet these norms.

But preparing a safe classroom is only the first step. Individuals seeking certification in this field must know how to prepare good lesson plans that include measurable learning objectives. And they must know the instructional strategies and techniques appropriate for students’ abilities and ages given their disabilities.

These lesson plans must be tailored to meet the individual needs of those with disabilities, and are guided by the parameters set out in the individualized education plan (IEP) required by law for each disabled student. Individualized Education Plans

Special education teachers help to develop an IEP for each student receiving special education. The IEP sets personalized goals for each student. Where appropriate, the IEP includes a transition plan, outlining specific steps to prepare students to move from elementary school to middle school, middle school to high school or, in the case of older students, from high school to a job or college.

Those wanting to become certified to teach special education for any grade level, preschool through high school, must know the federal law governing the rights of those requiring an IEP. They must know how to establish an IEP, working with other teachers, the student’s parents, and school administrators, and the student’s general education teachers.

These future teachers must also understand what their responsibilities are under the law regarding an IEP, and keep current with legislation and new standards guiding the rules and regulations for IEPs. They must know how to assess students against the goals set forth in the IEP to assure progress and achievement. Early childhood special education

While most states require a general-knowledge certification test for special education teachers of grades preschool through grade 12, many states also require additional certification for those wanting to teach early childhood special education.

The IDEA requires all states to provide data on the functional and developmental progress of young children with an IEP. The law requires two assessment periods for these children: when first evaluated for a disability and an IEP is established; and at exit from preschool when entering kindergarten.

For this reason, knowledge of how to assess and evaluate young children is especially critical, and those desiring this additional certification must thoroughly understand all aspects of typical and atypical development, including cognitive, physical, motor, social, emotional, language, play, and perceptual.

For this age group, special education teachers also must know how to work with family members as well, becoming parent trainers as well as a support system for families learning about disabilities, and they must be able to inform parents of legislation governing disability rights. They also must know how to modify lesson plans according to the child’s special needs, and consider issues such as possible integration and mainstreaming into regular classrooms.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reports excellent job prospects for special education teachers. It states that the number of special education teachers is expected to increase by 17 percent from 2008 to 2018 – faster than the average for all occupations.

In a survey of more than 500 pediatric occupational therapists, physical therapists, and speech-language pathologists, more than 68% of children between the ages of 3 and 8 had been misdiagnosed with the wrong disability. And of that 68%, more than 90% had been misidentified as having ADHD.

“Knowing that sensory processing and integration deficits may be expressed in ways similar to ADHD, it is understandable that mistakes can occur,” said Angelica Barraza, OTR/L, an advisor to Pathways Awareness and an occupational therapist trained in sensory integration. “It’s critical for parents, teachers and health professionals to consider sensory processing and integration deficits before labeling a child with behavioral issues.”

In school-age children, sensory processing and integration issues can translate into having delays with coordination, balance, focus, organization, and fine motor skills. Some children displaying sensory deficits might appear to have behavioral issues similar to ADHD.

For example, sensory disorders also result in fidgeting, frustration, clumsiness and an inability to focus – all conditions also prevalent among those with ADHD. Teachers who witness these behaviors often quickly suggest that an evaluation for ADHD take place.

The behaviors of a child with sensory processing and integration disorders are extremely varied. Some children become overwhelmed by everyday sensations while others seek out these sensations. Some appear aggressive while others are extremely withdrawn.