Stories of strong women honoring exceptional women gas city indiana weather


While working at the library in Hagerstown, Maryland, Mary was concerned that the supply of books was only available to patrons who lived in town. She came up with the idea to house small movable collections in various post offices and stores throughout Washington County where local people could check out books. But who would maintain those collections and oversee their distribution?

Mary launched her book wagon in April of 1905. Joshua Thomas, the library janitor, hitched up two horses, Dandy and Black Beauty, and headed out of Hagerstown onto the rural roads of Washington County. Mary had given him strict directives that when he stopped at a farmhouse or rural cluster of homes, he should give patrons ample time to select a book of their choice. The books were free of charge and would be on loan for two weeks.

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Setting her sights on the southern end of the Trail, she took a bus to Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia. Her provisions included a pasteboard suitcase in which she had packed an extra pair of dungarees (jeans), a dress, a pair of slippers, a blanket, a coat, a plastic shower curtain, a flashlight, a Swiss army knife, a notebook, and a bottle of water.

She often slept in shelters on the trail, or up on a picnic bench, sleeping in her coat with the plastic shower curtain under or over her. If the weather turned bad, she walked into a town, knocked on doors and asked permission to sleep on someone’s front porch. gas vs diesel towing She quickly learned that the families living in small houses were usually the most willing to share. Sometimes, she was invited to dine with the family, even if they only had soup for dinner.

Two college boys hiking the trail found her. She explained her predicament. One carried her on his back across the river, while the other shouldered her supplies. electricity quiz for grade 5 Emma recorded their names in her notebook, and her gratitude. Decades later, those college boys, now men, recounted the story of how they had helped this amazing older woman hiking the Trail alone.

Picture a few women sitting together with a large piece of linen stretched out between them on a wooden frame. They are hunched over the fabric. Threading their needles with brightly colored yarns dyed from natural resources, they carefully embroider the cloth with a series of scenes depicting an event of importance. Since most of their neighboring villagers can neither read nor write, the tapestry they are creating will serve as a testimony to history.

Aelfleda, was certainly one of those women. A noble Anglo-Saxon of the Middle Ages, she lived near Ely, in Cambridgeshire, England, and was renowned for her prowess with a needle. Late in the year 991, she created a hanging tapestry curtain that illustrated the valiant deeds of her husband, Chieftain Brithnoth. He died at the Battle of Maldon on August 10, 991, defeated by the invading Vikings, referred to at the time as Danes.

Aelfleda created the tapestry, no doubt, to preserve her husband’s legacy. After all, he was the Earl of Essex. She gave the tapestry as a gift to the Abbey of Ely in Cambridge. Records show that after Aelfleda’s death, the head of the abbey granted her granddaughter a small village nearby, dedicated to preserving the art of textile tapestries.

Who exactly made the Bayeux Tapestry is not known. Scholars attest that its superb construction points most decidedly to English members of a guild, either men or women or both. What is known of the 231-foot woolen embroidered scroll, is that it tells in exquisite detail the series of historical events that led to the Battle of Hastings, in chronological order, and containing all the gore and glory of warfare at that time.

The Bayeux Tapestry is believed to have been commissioned by the Bishop of Bayeux, Odo of Centeville, who happened to be William the Conqueror’s half-brother. electricity projects for 4th graders The purpose was to celebrate and acknowledge William’s conquest of England and at the same time draw the moral that Howard’s defeat (Anglo-Saxon king) was divinely construed because he had gone back on an oath made in church.

A side note: the Vikings had started invading and conquering numerous European principalities starting around 800 A.D. When they landed on the north shore of France and took over the population, the area became known as Northman Land, eventually shortened to Normandy. William the Conqueror would have descended then from a Viking-Franc heritage.

The panels, constructed of biscuit-colored linen, have the dominant colors of the horses, ships, and soldiers’ garb in red-browns, blues, and browns, although a total of eight different colors can be seen. Constructed continuously, the scroll records everything—what the people wore, what they ate, what the buildings looked like; even the appearance of Halley’s Comet was noted.

Born in 1870 in Ontario, Canada, she was bright and precocious as a child. Enrolling in the Collegiate Institute of Ontario at fourteen, she completed her higher education and received her teaching certificate by age seventeen. And Jessie might have stayed in the teaching profession, except that she won a cheap camera in a magazine subscription contest. She used the camera to take pictures of her students and their surroundings. Before the month ended she took money from her savings and bought an upgraded Kodak. Once she saw the crisp black and white images she had shot with the better camera, she became hooked on photography.

In 1893, now living in Massachusetts, she traveled to the Columbian Exposition in Chicago and met several other women photographers. That chance meeting made her realize she could pursue photography as a career. Four years later she married Alfred T. Beals, teaching him everything she knew about her camera, her photos, and how to develop the prints. By 1900 she convinced her husband that they should open their own business with Jessie taking portraits and Alfred developing the negatives. Within a year their funds were depleted and they relocated to Buffalo, New York.

Jessie was not a person to quit when the going got tough and she recognized that she was her own best promoter. Within a year she had secured a position as a staff photographer on the Buffalo Inquirer. This event qualified her as the first female photojournalist in America. But the job was demanding. Jessie carried all her equipment which consisted of an 8×10 inch plate glass camera, a bulky tripod, and a total of 50 pounds of equipment. electricity sound effect In addition to the unwieldy gear, she also wore a heavy ankle length two-piece outfit and a large plumed hat whenever she went out on a photography session.

In 1904 the paper sent her to St. Louis to cover the Louisiana Purchase Exposition. At first denied a press pass, she doggedly returned each day until the officials allowed her to shoot pictures. She remained for six months and practiced the maneuvers that allowed her to achieve stunning shots, even if she had to climb ladders or photograph from a rising hot air balloon to capture the angle she wanted.

She opened a small gallery and studio on Sheridan Square and fed visitors tea and strawberry shortcake. In the gallery she sold photo postcards of the Village she had designed. While most photographers of this time established themselves as portrait photographers, Jessie broke with tradition and photographed the people of the Village as they went about their daily routines. Her photos show subjects in front of their homes, or in the various tearooms, or out in the street. Unlike portrait artists, Jessie shot her subjects in sharp focus, in their surroundings, using only the natural light available. electricity lesson plans middle school She freelanced for newspapers and magazines and photographed a wide swath of humanity from New York society figures to the residents of the Lower East Side slums.

Her young daughter continued to battle rheumatoid arthritis and much of Jessie’s money went for medical expenses. By the 1920s she turned away from city scenes and concentrated on photographing the gardens of the upper-class elite. At the end of the decade she picked up her daughter and they left for California. Jessie set up a business where she photographed the lavish homes and gardens of the uber-wealthy, but the fall of the stock market brought her back to New York.

Sadly, at age 71, she found herself in ill health and out of reserves. With no other options she checked herself into the charity ward of Bellevue Hospital and died there penniless and obscure a few months later. Because Jessie had nowhere to store her negatives, hundreds if not thousands, were lost. But those that remain are housed at the Schlesinger Library at Radcliffe College, the New York Historical Society, and the Museum of the City of New York.

The two were an oddly matched pair. Sarah was a blue-eyed blonde from a family of means. Mary was a dark-skinned slave girl with brown eyes, and hair she wore up in a headscarf. Weighing in at 200 pounds and standing 6 feet tall, Mary towered over the more delicate Sarah. Yet, in spite of their differing circumstances, the two women stayed friends.

Mary and The West were made for each other. She took it upon herself to make the needed repairs at the school and drive the wagon to haul supplies or visitors from the rail station in town. Wearing men’s trousers under her voluminous skirt, sturdy leather boots on her feet, and an apron over the skirt, Mary looked formidable… and she was. She also wore a revolver under her apron, just in case she needed it.

In her seventies, she gave up the mail route and opened a laundry in Cascade. One afternoon, at the end of the day in the saloon, a man entered. Mary recognized him as a customer who had not paid his laundry bill. She walked up to him, knocked him to the ground and placed her foot on his chest until he procured the coins he owed her. gas vs diesel After that incident, all her customers paid on time.