Switchgrass – alamo and blackwell switchgrass seeds for sale – warner brothers seed company thitima electricity sound effect


Switchgrass is a vigorous, native, perennial, bunchgrass that grows throughout most of the United States. electricity units of measurement This warm-season grass is an exceptional forage for pasture and hay for livestock. The plant also provides excellent cover for wildlife populations; the seed provides a quality food source for gamebirds. It’s most abundant and important as a forage and pasture grass in the central and southern parts of the Great Plains. It usually grows 3 to 8 feet high, with large, vigorous rhizomes. Because of its deep penetrating root system, it can handle drought periods better than most grasses and provides outstanding erosion control. The stand looks like a colony rather than a sod. electricity and magnetism notes The flowering head is a widely branching open panicle. The leaves are usually from 1/2 to 1 inch wide and 6 to 30 inches long. Leaves are green to bluish-green. Switchgrass grows on nearly all soil types but is most abundant and thrives best on moist low areas of relatively high fertility. Heavy, vigorous roots and underground stems make the species excellent for conservation use. Seedling growth is aggressive. Usually switchgrass is seeded with the species with which it occurs naturally. Best seedling stands have been obtained where plantings were made on a clean, firm, well-prepared seedbed. Growth begins in mid-spring and continues through the summer if there is enough moisture. Forage is produced in abundance, especially during the period of early rapid growth, and is acceptable to livestock. Cutting the grass for hay before seed heads begin to form will insure quality hay. astrid y gaston lima reservations Switchgrass is unique in that it can withstand flooding and saturated soils for long periods of time after it is established. It is very responsive to fertilizers. A January forage test from a bale of Alamo Switchgrass baled in June returned with 15.3 % crude protein. gas leak explosion See attached forage test.

ALAMO Alamo Switchgrass The Ultimate Biomass Crop – has produced as much as 15 Tons/Acre. Alamo Switchgrass is the leader of renewable cellulosic and biomass production. Alamo switchgrass is a selection released in 1978 by the USDA Soil Conservation Service in Texas in cooperation with the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. Alamo came from a collection originally made from a native switchgrass stand along the Frio River in South Texas. Alamo is blue-green in color, usually slightly waxy and taller than the Blackwell variety. The Alamo variety is the tallest and has the longest leaves. This variety is believed to be the most productive, warm-season, perennial in North America . electricity kwh usage calculator Flowering occurs one to two months later than Blackwell, thus: extending quality forage over a longer period. The seeds are smaller than most commercial switchgrass and should be seeded at a rate of (5 – 8 Lbs. PLS/acre) whether broadcast or drilled.

A biofuel is originally derived from the photosynthesis process and can therefore often be referred to as a solar energy source. There are pros and cons to using biofuels as an energy source, however, rising petroleum prices are not among them. Merrill Lynch commodity strategist Francisco Blanch remarked that oil and gasoline prices would be about 15 percent higher if biofuel producers were not increasing their output.

Texas native plant, contains enormous amounts of sugar that can be refined into ethanol. It can be burned to produce electricity or used as a feedstock for cellulosic ethanol. Many farmers already grow switchgrass, either as forage for livestock or as a ground cover to control erosion, so cultivating it as an energy crop would be an easy switch. The challenge for scientists is in unlocking the sugars held in switchgrass so that it can be converted into cellulosic ethanol.

BLACKWELL Blackwell is a widely used variety of switchgrass for irrigated pastures, range plantings, and erosion control sites. electricity generation efficiency It was developed at the Manhattan, Kansas Plant Materials Center and released in 1944 by the Kansas Experiment Station and the USDA Soil Conservation Service. Blackwell ranks high in leafiness, total forage production, and resistance to rust and other diseases. Blackwell switchgrass will grow on a diverse range of soil types and favorable lowland sites in areas of (15 to 20 in.) of annual precipitation.

USA (Moser and Vogel, 1995). electricity year invented Although possessing rhizomes, Switchgrass is an upright growing species capable of producing high dry matter yields. Traditionally, Switchgrass is used as a forage and conservation crop. Recently, its use in biofuel production of ethanol has been proposed (Lynd et al. 1991). When combining its uses of forage, conservation, and biofuel production, farming systems based on Switchgrass could become an economic boom for farmers interested in sustainable and profitable farming enterprises.

Switchgrass varieties and ecotypes are classified as either lowland or upland types (Moser and Vogel, 1995). Lowland types occur in river bottom areas, are tall and robust, possess a bunch-type growth habit, and are tetraploids (2n=36). Upland types are shorter and finer, possess long rhizomes which allow them to spread more, and are either hexaploids or octoploids (2n=54, 72).

In a six year study in Alabama, the lowland variety Alamo was found to average 24.5 Mg ha-1 (approx. 11 Tons) dry matter yield (Maposse et al., 1995) This was 42% more dry matter than another lowland type, Kanlow, but also 135% higher than the average of the six upland varieties in the trial (‘ Blackwell’, ‘Cave-in-Rock’, Kansas Native, ‘Pathfinder’, ‘Summer’, and ‘Trailblazer’). This amount of dry matter production would be considered much higher than that which could be achieved with other warm-season grasses used in the

As a fast growing energy crop, or closed loop biomass, switchgrass yields over 1,000 gallons per acre, more than 3 times the yield of corn. Switchgrass and sorghum are from the same family; both are short term crops and produce prolifically with limited water, insecticides or fertilizer needs. Switchgrass prevents soil erosion as it restores vital organic nutrients to the soil, so that it can be cultivated repeatedly in the same enriched soil.

Texas A&M University and the Chevron Corroboration are partnering on research efforts to find ways to speed up harvesting of cellulose crops and turning them into biofuels. The Governor said that Texas will focus on creating biofuels through cellulosic feedstock such as switchgrass, wood chips and corn stems – rather than from corn crops, which are a staple for the Texas cattle industry.