The bauhaus legacy in aspen aspen sojourner gas constant for nitrogen

########

Wandering through the campus of the Aspen Institute is like being submersed in a Bauhaus world, where the integration of art, architecture, and design creates a complete aesthetic experience. Bold white roofs stand juxtaposed against a blue-black Colorado sky like billowing cumulus clouds. electricity journal Neatly trimmed paths meander among shimmering aspens, whose mottled shadows dapple crisp gray walls. Compelling geometries and primary colors surprise at every turn.

Here in Aspen one can find a relatively comprehensive embodiment of the hundred-year-old German Bauhaus idea. Although a stark contrast to the rustic, informal, and occasionally messy built environment associated with the West, Bauhaus’s artistry and functional ethos—as well as its mischievous bohemian sense of fun—complement our spectacularly tumultuous mountain landscape.

Conceived by a bunch of rambunctious and talented architects, artists, and intellectuals in Dessau, Germany, after World War I, the school strongly influenced modernism with design principles that relate form to function. Bauhaus’s founders were young, idealistic, and bent on straightening out their world after the ravages of war. static electricity jokes The machine age was cranking up full steam, and unlike the handcrafted objects to which consumers were accustomed, the new mass-produced furniture and household items were at best awkward and inconvenient, and, more frequently, ugly and soulless. electricity nightcore lyrics Buildings, meanwhile, dripped with opulent decoration that flaunted vast discrepancies of class and wealth.

To trace the connection, we must go back to 1945, when Chicago industrialist Walter Paepcke and his wife, Elizabeth, first visited the sleepy former mining town. Infatuated with Aspen’s serenity and natural beauty, they envisioned it as a place where thoughtful and creative individuals—artists, writers, scientists, and successful entrepreneurs—could retreat from their busy lives to restore body, mind, and spirit, a concept that eventually became known as the Aspen Idea.

As a kickoff to their vision, the Paepckes and friend Robert Hutchins, president of the University of Chicago, conceived of a celebration to honor the bicentenary of German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. The 1949 Goethe Bicentennial Convocation and Music Festival featured important intellectuals of the time, such as Albert Schweitzer, José Ortega y Gasset, and Thornton Wilder as well as most of the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra under Dimitri Mitropoulos. It attracted 2,000 visitors and proved so popular that, before it had even ended, the organizers started to plan subsequent events.

An annual summer music festival and accompanying school, the International Design Conference in Aspen, and the Aspen Center for Physics soon were joined by regular seminars at what was then known as the Aspen Institute for Humanistic Studies. International cultural, business, and government figures came to town each summer, while Aspen was also becoming a winter destination for the emerging sport of skiing. gas 0095 Acts like Duke Ellington, Count Basie, and Ella Fitzgerald played at the Red Onion and the Hotel Jerome. types of electricity consumers No longer sleepy, Aspen was waking up.

Locals did not immediately embrace all of Bayer’s sophisticated, European-derived interventions. They loved things like the renovated starry sky on the ceiling of the Wheeler, but not so much the flat roofs Bayer favored or the white-and-blue exterior, with black “eyebrows” over the windows, that he had painted on the Jerome. But soon Aspen’s culture and recreation, not to mention its fun-loving bohemian lifestyle, attracted more-progressive residents who were more accepting of new ideas.

Aspenites subsequently began to take Gropius’s advice and “build modern.” New structures influenced by Bauhaus and also by Frank Lloyd Wright sprang up among the mining cottages. Local architects who had studied with Wright—such as Fritz Benedict, Robin Molny, and Charley Patterson—deferred to the spectacular natural landscape with organic forms and natural materials. gas pump heaven Bauhaus-influenced architects like Bayer, Marcel Breuer, and Harry Weese responded more fundamentally to the colors of sky, snow, and trees, and to the sharp quality of the light. Wrightian houses abandoned traditional rooms in favor of informal, open floor plans. Those influenced by Bauhaus stripped away class-defining ornamentation, focusing instead on simple forms that responded directly to function. For instance, Bayer’s seminar rooms at the Aspen Institute were designed to eliminate hierarchy, with tables placed in octagons to give all participants equal status.

The bold spirit of these mid-20th-century builders resulted in the extraordinarily rich and marvelously eclectic cityscape that continues to shape Aspen today. A single West End block may include Victorian and Italianate cottages nestled up to midcentury modern classics and edgy contemporary homes. This aesthetic also happens to embody our town’s best qualities: adventure, progress, fun, tolerance, environmental awareness, and conservation.