The chemical erin brockovich warned about is in water all over america _ takepart

Thousands of Americans drink tap water poisoned by unsafe levels of a cancer-causing heavy metal, and government authorities are doing little to stop it, according to a new report from clean water activists.

The chemical hexavalent chromium, also known as chromium-6, gained notoriety as the carcinogenic water contaminant that Erin Brockovich sued a utility over in California—and the new report from advocacy organization Environmental Working Group finds that it shows up in the water systems of major cities all over the country.

The data estimate that water supplies serving 218 million Americans—more than two-thirds of the population—contain more chromium-6 than California scientists have deemed safe. Gas works park seattle The group estimated that if nothing changes, chromium-6 in tap water will lead to more than 12,000 excess cases of cancer by the end of the century.

The findings are one more sign of a broken state and federal regulatory system that enabled crises in Flint, Michigan, and Hoosick Falls, New York, among other cities where dangerous contaminants in tap water threatened public health, advocates say.

“This is a repeating story of the lack of regulatory oversight and scientific updates to ensure clean drinking water,” Bill Walker, a coauthor of the report, told TakePart. G gas lol “A basic aspect of public health is being able to drink the tap water. Gas lighting urban dictionary We have not achieved that in the U.S.”

The EWG report analyzes data on chromium-6 collected for the first time under a federal monitoring rule passed four years ago. B games zombie The current federal standard for chromium in drinking water was set in 1991, when the U.S. Gas bijoux soho Environmental Protection Agency set a limit of 100 parts per billion for total chromium, including chromium-3, a less threatening contaminant. C gastronomie vitam Back then, chromium was linked to skin rashes, but the potential cancer threat posed by the pollutant had not been thoroughly researched. Electricity nw Knowing what we know now, activists say the federal standard is meaningless.

Despite mounting evidence that chromium-6 is carcinogenic, only one state has passed a limit focused on this contaminant, which can occur naturally or seep into the water supply through industrial pollution. Electricity prices by state California began enforcing a chromium-6 limit of 10 parts per billion two years ago.

Citing instances of cancer helped Brockovich build a case against Pacific Gas and Electric Company over contaminated water in Hinkley, California, in 1993. Gas exchange in the lungs occurs in the For her, the looser federal standards on chromium-6 are disappointing.

“This is an abject failure by the EPA, including members of Congress charged with overseeing the agency, and every American should be outraged by this inaction,” Brockovich said in a statement released by EWG.

California scientists also came up with a considerably more stringent but unenforceable goal for the contaminant: Set at 0.02 parts per billion, it was designed to prevent more than one in 1 million people from getting cancer if the person consumed a half gallon of water daily over 70 years. Gas pump icon The goal was established as part of a health proceeding before official rules were set, a common precursor to regulatory action. Electricity definition physics The final rulemaking proceeding considers not just health risks but also what is achievable for industry—and industry balked at meeting the standard, resulting in the looser standard and the lingering frustrations of activists.

The EPA says its work on chromium-6 is ongoing. 100 gas vs 10 ethanol It is studying the potential risks linked to the contaminant, which may be a step toward regulating the chemical. H gas l gas The agency expects to release a draft of its risk report for public comment next year, according to Monica Lee, EPA press secretary, in a statement emailed to TakePart.

She also pointed out that data gathered by the EPA show most U.S. Gas hydrates india drinking water systems are beating California’s enforceable standard for chromium-6—the 10 parts per billion standard. A gas station near me “While this standard only applies to water systems in California, less than 2 percent of the systems that collected data under [the 2012 monitoring rule] reported hexavalent chromium at levels exceeding this standard,” she wrote.

In many cities, chromium-6 sample data exceeded the public health goal set by California scientists but not the enforceable limit, according to the EWG report, which ranked water systems serving more than 1 million customers. Gas emoji meaning The worst offenders: City of Phoenix, Missouri American Water (St. Gas exchange in the lungs takes place in the Louis County), City of Houston, City of Los Angeles Department of Water and Power, and Suffolk County Water Authority in New York.

The average level of chromium-6 in Phoenix water samples was 7.853 parts per billion, well above the public health goal set by California scientists. Gas problem in babies The authors of the EWG report said they did not study why the levels are higher in some cities than others and that it would be hard to extrapolate where the pollution is coming from based on the data they used.

Susan Kinkade, a civil engineer in the environmental services division at the City of Phoenix Water Services Department, cast doubt on the usefulness of the figures in the EWG report, emphasizing that Phoenix’s water is safe to drink and that the system is abiding by federal rules.

“That number is skewed,” she said in a phone interview with TakePart. Static electricity definition science “That is an average of all the samples we collected. Gas yojana We sampled at groundwater wells, surface water points, and within the distribution system. Gas examples matter The highest number came out of our groundwater wells, but that’s only 2 percent of our supply.”

Kinkade said there are natural reasons chromium-6 shows up in Phoenix samples. Electricity ground explained “It’s a naturally occurring element. Gas vs diesel The Southwest is one of the regions in the U.S. 76 gas card payment with the highest level of naturally occurring chromium. Grade 6 electricity quiz The wells are situated where there is a natural chromium deposit. C gastritis im antrum It’s the geology. Grade 9 static electricity quiz It’s not industrial contamination,” she said.

Missouri American Water had the second-highest average chromium-6 levels for water systems serving more than 1 million customers. O gastronomo The average was 1.258 parts per billion. Gas in texas But Brian Russell, a spokesperson for Missouri American Water, emphasized that it is safe to drink the water in St. Electricity vampires Louis.

“We test for total chromium, which includes chromium-6, every year as required and consistently come in well below EPA requirements for safe drinking water, and we tested specifically for chromium-6 only in 2013 and found levels that ranged from 0.9 to 1.6 parts per billion on average. Electricity and magnetism ppt There are no federal requirements to test for chromium-6, or prescribed levels to achieve, but at that level we even come in below the state of California’s stringent level of 10 parts per billion,” he wrote in an email to TakePart.

Russell added that it is unclear how chromium makes its way into the water supply in his system. Electricity production in china “It occurs naturally from the breakdown of a number of different products and via industrial processes, so trying to name the exact source would be little more than hypothesis on our part,” he said.

“In areas like St. Electricity dance moms full episode Louis or Phoenix, people should not wait around for a cleanup by their local agencies. Gas appliance manufacturers association They should take action to protect themselves by buying a home water filter,” said Walker, the report coauthor. Gas prices going up 2016 He uses water filters in his home and recommended the watchdog group’s buying guide for the products.

“I always caution customers about point-of-use water filters if the customers aren’t good at maintaining them,” she said. Electricity generation by source Failing to follow the directions can create a “little factory for microbes growing under your kitchen sink.”