The hole in the digital economy

In Cleveland, which along with Detroit ranks among the worst-connected cities in the nation, help is on the way for some residents. M gasbuddy app Housing projects like the one where Marcella and Ma’Niyah Larry live are about to benefit from an ambitious project to provide the fastest service in the city using a combination of fiber-optic networks and a new breed of wireless connection. Wb state electricity board recruitment 2015 But no comprehensive solution is in evidence for these cities—or the nation as a whole. R gasquet tennis Despite having invented the Internet’s protocols, the United States lags far behind much of the industrialized world in available broadband speeds and affordability of fast services—a problem that is particularly acute in inner cities and rural areas. Gasco abu dhabi email address In past eras, great national efforts led to universal electricity and telephone service. Origin electricity account Now the nation could use an ambitious plan to improve service, drive down costs, and expand access to children like Ma’Niyah and everyone else who deserves it.

Of course, computers and broadband by themselves don’t magically lead to college degrees and better jobs. Electricity allergy After all, much of what people do with Internet access once they get it is hardly productive. D cypha electricity But some of them may not be getting the training they need to make effective use of software and online services. Gas explosion And there are many correlations between broadband access and income levels or success in finding employment. Electricity electricity song As the White House Council of Economic Advisers says, “The digital divide is likely both a cause and a consequence of other demographic disparities.”

When people do get broadband and computer training, their lives can change in remarkable ways. Gas water heater reviews 2013 Take Monica Moore. E gasoline She’s a single mother who lived in a decaying neighborhood on the east side of Cleveland and spent more than 20 years working as a file clerk at the Cleveland Clinic. Electricity balloon experiment Then three years ago came ominous news. Electricity calculator “At work, they said everything was going to electronic medical records and they were going to outsource my job,” Moore, now 47, recalls. Gas 91 “Oh my gosh, my job.”

Moore had few computer skills and rarely used the Internet. Electricity magnetism and electromagnetic theory pdf The high cost of service from Time Warner Cable kept her offline. Grade 9 electricity test and answers But faced with the prospect of losing her job, she steeled herself and entered a storefront training center called the Ashbury Community Center. E 87 gasoline She started learning software like Office and Excel, and wound up taking online classes through the University of Phoenix. Power outage houston report She spent evening after evening doing that work until, in early 2016, she collected a bachelor’s degree in finance. 3 gas laws She was one of more than 6,000 people who have received computer training over the past five years thanks to the Ashbury Center and its partners in a nonprofit collaborative called Connect Your Community.

Today, she’s still at the Cleveland Clinic—only she’s got a new job that pays $20,000 more than her old one, editing and uploading digital reports in the hospital’s bustling cardiac catheterization lab. 76 gas station hours “I was stuck 20 years in the same job due to the fact I didn’t have the means, the technology,” Moore says. K gas oroville “This opened so many doors for me, and I’m just so thankful.” While finishing her degree, she recognized the value of getting Internet access at home. Gas efficient suv 2010 She decided it was worth $154 a month for a cable deal that includes high-speed access in her new home in the suburb of South Euclid.

To solve the access problem for more low-income people, Cleveland needs to focus on public or subsidized housing, where 50,000 of the city’s 375,000 inhabitants live. Gas city indiana post office I took a trip to the 14th-story roof of a public housing project named Cedar Estates with Lev Gonick, CEO of a local nonprofit called DigitalC. E gaskell north and south We stepped out into the drizzle and beheld a panoramic view of America’s industrial rise and decline. Electricity video ks1 To the north was Terminal Tower, a symbol of the region’s onetime economic might: the 52-story Art Deco tower was once the second-tallest building in America. Wireless electricity how it works To the south, smoke rose from two steel mills that represent the vestiges of a local industry that today employs fewer than 2,000 people, down from Cleveland’s steelmaking peak of 47,000. Zyklon b gas effects Also in sight: vacant factories and blocks of near-worthless frame houses.

Gonick pointed to St. Electricity history united states Vincent’s Charity Hospital, one kilometer away. Electricity 1 7 pdf A high-speed fiber-optic network passes through St. Electricity generation definition Vincent’s; built using a 2009 federal stimulus grant, it connects institutions including at least 800 schools, medical facilities, and government buildings in greater Cleveland. Gas in back relief Now the plan is to extend the network to residents in the housing projects. Z gas ensenada Because it would cost $350,000 to run fiber from St. Grade 6 electricity test Vincent’s to Cedar Estates and several nearby buildings, DigitalC will instead close that gap with a wireless technology costing one-tenth as much to install: a millimeter-wave transmission system from a company called Siklu. Gas dryer vs electric dryer operating cost The new service will be able to deliver one-gigabit-per-second connections to the building, and a bank of servers in Cedar Estates’ basement telephone room will use the existing copper telephone network to provide broadband service to all 163 apartments.

The goal: to provide the fastest and cheapest service in the city, completely removing the cost barrier that poor residents now face. Electricity electricity lyrics Gonick believes the whole project is so cheap to build that when you throw in an FCC subsidy (called “lifeline”) of $9.25 per month, all tenants in the housing project will easily be able to afford broadband.

While delivering fast, cheap service is an end in itself, DigitalC and partners also plan to give all tenants in the Cuyahoga Metropolitan Housing Authority refurbished computers and training similar to what’s offered at Ashbury. Electricity generation in india The tenants will be directed to online workforce training schools such as Career Online High School, too. 5 gases found in the environment At the same time, the government of Cuyahoga County is working to put more services online, including workforce training, benefits enrollment, and potentially telemedicine appointments, says Scot Rourke, chief transformation officer for the county. Sgas belfast “We want to do more than manage poverty,” he says. Static electricity images “If we have broadband, we can do more kinds of education and training. Electricity and magnetism worksheets middle school We’ve got to get people into jobs that will give them the wages to get out of poverty.”

Paths to such jobs exist for those who seek them. K electric jobs 2015 One of the new businesses within Terminal Tower is ­ WeCanCodeIt, a 12-week software engineering boot camp for people with little experience in technology. Electricity units calculator in pakistan The program aims to equip them for jobs like building websites. R gasquet One student is Melissa Hughes, 40, who left her job as an HIV-testing counselor in Philadelphia and is now unemployed in Cleveland. Gas utility cost “In my previous field there was not stability,” she says. Q gastrobar leblon “Adding coding skills will give me more opportunity.”

New efforts to introduce kids to coding are taking root as well. Gas stoichiometry practice sheet At a recent “hip-hop coding” seminar organized by several academic institutions in a downtown office space, teachers and librarians photographed themselves doing break-dance moves and then used Scratch, the popular programming language and online community developed at MIT, to design multimedia animations of their antics. U save gas station grants pass Maria Trivisonno, a librarian in the Cleveland suburb of Warrensville Heights, explained the audience she had in mind: the kids who pour into the library after school, looking for things to do. Gas x ultra strength during pregnancy “We want to teach kids how to create things online, not only how to find information,” she said between dance moves. Gas x directions “If you can start kids young thinking about how to code, it will help them as they get older.”

While Gonick’s project might provide a model for cheap broadband in public housing and for educational efforts that might help people put it to good use, there’s a bigger problem to crack: how can we get more and cheaper digital infrastructure everywhere else in the country? The key is to stimulate competition. Electricity videos for 4th grade For example, after Google began offering broadband on fiber-optic lines in the Kansas City area in 2012, existing providers increased the speed of their services by 86 percent over what it had been a year prior—the largest increase in the country at the time, according to Akamai Technologies.

But Cleveland has no such luck. Electricity prices by country It has only two companies providing service—Time Warner Cable and AT&T—and the latter doesn’t compete very strongly. Gas after eating eggs AT&T doesn’t offer most of the city anything close to what the FCC considers broadband, and some streets can still only get dial-up service from the company.

The situation is perhaps worse in rural areas. Gas station in spanish Drive an hour east of Cleveland and you reach the community of Andover, flanking the Pennsylvania border. Electricity font Much of the region has only slow DSL from CenturyLink. K electric bill “They claim it’s ‘high speed,’ but downloading things literally takes minutes,” says Cindy Schwenk, a retiree who works part time at the Andover Public Library. F gas certification logo When she’s there, she can use Wi-Fi to download things on her smartphone in just seconds because the building, unlike residences in the area, has a fast connection from a state library consortium. Electricity and magnetism study guide People sometimes sit in their cars outside the building after hours to get online.

The Andover area relies economically on part-time residents who vacation at nearby Pymatuning Lake. Gas 85 vs 87 But other areas without such draws may get left behind in an increasingly digital economy.

How can we jump-start competition in these places? One model is emerging: let local governments find partners to build out the basic fiber-optic infrastructure, or at least the empty conduit that can carry fiber underground, and then let service providers compete for customers over such networks (or pull fiber through the conduit, as the case may be). Electricity inside human body That’s what a few cities are doing, including the aerospace mecca of Huntsville, Alabama. Electricity invented or discovered In this case, what’s going on in Huntsville isn’t rocket science. Gas pressure definition chemistry The city is building the basic fiber infrastructure, known as “dark fiber”; Google will “light” the fiber and provide the service. Gas 2016 In Ammon, Idaho, the city built a fiber network and let private service providers duke it out. V gashi Now customers can use a Web interface to switch providers in a few seconds. Gas 6 weeks pregnant No need for the company-specific cable or optical networking boxes that are common in homes across the country.

But in most places, efforts to install new networks often crash into decidedly low-tech obstacles. Emitra electricity bill payment For example, utility poles. Electricity flow chart These are almost always owned by an electric company or telephone company, and the latter has an interest in making it slow and costly for competitors to add new fiber to the poles. Grade 9 static electricity test The FCC has streamlined the rules for how companies attach to poles, but under federal law the rules benefit only ISPs, telephone companies, and cable companies. Grade 9 electricity test questions If the entity trying to install fiber happens to be, say, a county redevelopment agency in a rural area, FCC regulations don’t apply, and pole owners are freer to make the process lengthy and difficult, even if the agency has been told by the state or local government that it may use the poles. Gas definition chemistry Cutting red tape to help install fiber and then adopting flexible service models to facilitate competition could “help get away from today’s rigid models of information services,” says Christopher Mitchell, director of the community broadband networks initiative at the Institute of Local Self-Reliance, a nonprofit that, among other things, studies broadband. Gas city indiana weather That might finally help end the digital divide across the United States.

Does everyone deserve access to affordable high-speed Internet, just like water, sewers, electricity, and telephone service? In Ma’Niyah Larry’s apartment and at the Ashbury Community Center, where Monica Moore rebooted her career, you can see that the argument could be made. Gas oil “There is never a shortage of people who want to show up here and learn,” Bill Callahan, director of the Connect Your Community collaborative, remarked as we looked around the community center.

One of those people was Claudette Hughley, a 55-year-old unemployed physical-­therapist assistant and mother of three adult children. Gas x user reviews She has spent her life offline and needs to find work. Electricity in india She’s now learned how to use e-mail, how to create and edit Word documents, and how to scroll through online job listings. Electricity and magnetism study guide 8th grade These are all steps toward fully crossing the digital divide.