The lack of civics education has shaped the election – the atlantic

Without addressing how to remedy this situation, consider some of its manifestation and possible causes—a few illustrations of the problem as reported in The Atlantic in 2010:

Americans were more able to identify Michael Jackson as the composer of a number of songs than to know that the Bill of Rights was the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Gas to liquid Constitution.

When asked in what century the American Revolution took place and whether the Civil War, the War of 1812, and the Emancipation Proclamation preceded or followed the Revolution, more than 30 percent of respondents answered that question incorrectly.

And more than a third of Americans did not know that the Bill of Rights guarantees a right to a trial by jury. Gas efficient cars Meanwhile, 40 percent mistakenly thought that it secures the right to vote.

Things have not gotten better more recently. Electricity for beginners pdf In a study of historical knowledge carried out in 2015 for the American Council of Trustees and Alumni (ACTA), more than 80 percent of college seniors at 55 top-ranked institutions would have received a grade of either a D or F. Hp gas online booking phone number Here’s an overview of some of the 2015 results, which were based on standard high-school civics curricula:

Finally, consider the eye-opening findings of a July 2016 ACTA study on the inclusion of American history in the curricula of the leading colleges and universities in the United States. Electricity lesson plans middle school The survey found that only about half of the students at the top 50 colleges and universities could identify the purpose of The Federalist Papers, and only 22 percent knew that the phrase, “government of the people, by the people, for the people” could be found in the Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address. Gas oil ratio 50 to 1 That these are questions many Atlantic readers probably wouldn’t be able to answer confidently attests to the fact that the dearth of historical knowledge is a matter of education and not intelligence. National gas average 2012 Only seven of the nation’s top 25 liberal-arts colleges require history majors to take a course on U.S. Electricity use history.

Why does this ignorance exist among even “elite” college students today? I’ll start by pointing out that, according to the ACTA study, only seven of the nation’s top 25 liberal-arts colleges require history majors to take a course on U.S. Electricity tattoo designs history (the report does not note the proportion of history majors that elect to take a course in American history); the same is true of only four of the 25 top national universities (such as the Ivies, Stanford, and the University of Chicago) and just 14 of the top 25 public ones. Electricity flow diagram If few of those who actually major in history are required to take such courses, it shouldn’t come as a surprise that the results of surveys of the general student population seem remarkable. Gas apple pay While colleges often reason that these statistics are indicative of efforts to maximize the choices available to students, these efforts apparently happen at the expense of knowledge about the history of the United States.

Which leads me to another phenomenon contributing to the widespread dearth of knowledge in the country: the education system’s obsession, as I’ve found in my own research, with labeling youngsters as scientifically “able” or “talented” at an early age. Gas nozzle icon Most often this labeling is based upon how rapidly students can obtain correct answers to questions when the answers are already known—not on how they respond to the kinds of intriguing questions for which the answer isn’t known, the kinds that are often key to gauging scientific talent.

Therefore, many of America’s very talented students come to believe that they have little aptitude for science and engineering—eventually moving into professions far removed from the sciences. Chapter 7 electricity and magnetism Many never take a science course after they have completed the final requirement in high school—even though the 20th century was distinguished by the extraordinary contributions of science and technology to contemporary culture and the economic well-being of Americans. Electricity grounding works What they know about science and technology must, then, come from various news and social-media sources and from whatever teaching they may have received in American history during high school or in college. Gas national average 2009 History textbooks say very little about the thousands of discoveries that have been central to American economic growth and well-being.

If someone today is ignorant of science and technology—and of its implications for the average citizen—it is likely to come from what he read or was taught through American-history courses. Gas in oil car In the late 1990s, I examined the content of a number of the leading American history textbooks used in high schools and colleges. Gas relief for babies home remedy These books, which were authored by world-class historians, were almost totally devoid of discussions of science. Electricity kwh cost I contrasted space devoted to science and technology with that to contemporary culture and the arts and found, as just one example, that much more discussion was devoted to, say, the singer Madonna than to James Watson and Francis Crick, who discovered the structure of the DNA molecule. T gasthuys The same was true when it came to scores of other scientific discoveries.

In fact, in these massive textbooks a few pages at most were dedicated to science—and when that was the case, it was mostly to a brief discussion of the discovery of atomic power and the atom bomb. Electricity lessons ks1 In this great century of American science, a stranger would likely never know from these texts that science and technology had played a central role in the growth of American society.

But it says very little about the thousands of discoveries that have been central to American economic growth and well-being. Electricity facts history In comparison to the space devoted to political events, social movements, wars, crises of one kind or another, there is almost no attention to science and technology. Origin electricity faults This is a first-rate textbook, but a student studying from it would gain little knowledge about American science and technology and more specifically the thousands of discoveries made at America’s universities that have had a critical role in shaping the nation—nor would they get a sense of the important aforementioned ethical and moral questions that remain unaddressed.

To cite one more history-textbook example: Howard Zinn’s enormously popular, if controversial, A People’s History of the United States, which has sold over 2 million copies, has an even greater paucity of discussion of scientific and technological discoveries and breakthroughs in the 20th century. Power energy definition If this is where America’s students are largely obtaining their knowledge of science, they are obtaining very little of it.

James Madison put the current dilemma clearly in focus almost 200 years ago, when he wrote in an 1822 letter to W. Gas variables pogil packet answers T. Natural gas in spanish Barry: “A popular Government without popular information, or the means of acquiring it, is but a Prologue to a Farce or a Tragedy, or perhaps both. Electricity notes pdf Knowledge will forever govern ignorance: And a people who mean to be their own Governors, must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives.” The American people are not doing this today, and the results are evident in the cracks appearing in the country’s democracy.

During residency, I worked hospital shifts that could last 36 hours, without sleep, often without breaks of more than a few minutes. Gas and supply okc Even writing this now, it sounds to me like I’m bragging or laying claim to some fortitude of character. Electricity prices going up I can’t think of another type of self-injury that might be similarly lauded, except maybe binge drinking. Gas house edwards co Technically the shifts were 30 hours, the mandatory limit imposed by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, but we stayed longer because people kept getting sick. Electricity grid australia Being a doctor is supposed to be about putting other people’s needs before your own. O gastronomico Our job was to power through.

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