The lowdown on thyroid slowdown – harvard health electricity and magnetism online games

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Moreover, hypothyroidism is especially common in women. Between ages 35 and 65, about 13% of women will have an underactive thyroid, and the proportion rises to 20% among those over 65. Because the gas under a dollar link between hypothyroidism symptoms and thyroid disease isn’t always obvious, especially in older people, many women won’t know they have an underactive thyroid — and won’t be treated for it.

Hypothyroidism symptoms can differ from person to person. In some women, the onset is so gradual that it’s hardly noticeable; in others, hypothyroidism symptoms come on abruptly over the course of a few weeks or months. An underactive thyroid is mild in some women and severe in others. In general, the lower thyroid hormone levels are, the more done with electricity tattoo book pronounced and severe the symptoms.

• Other signs and symptoms. Slowed metabolism reduces sweating, the skin’s natural moisturizer, so the skin may become dry and flaky and nails brittle. Hair may thin or become coarse. Digestive processes slow, causing constipation. Speech and movement may also slow down. In younger women, periods may become heavier and more frequent, or they may stop; infertility is sometimes a problem. Muscle aches and pain around the joints, including carpal tunnel syndrome, are common. Older women may have balance problems.

The two electricity for dummies amazon most important thyroid hormones, triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4), are made from the iodine in foods such as salt, seafood, bread, and milk. (T4 is the main thyroid hormone in the blood.) Both hormones travel from the thyroid via the bloodstream to distant parts of the body, including the brain, heart, liver, kidneys, bones, and skin, where they activate genes that regulate body functions.

Normally, the thyroid gland releases T3 and T4 when the hypothalamus (a regulatory region of the brain) senses that their circulating levels have dropped. The hypothalamus signals the pituitary gland, which sends thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) to the thyroid to trigger the release of thyroid hormones. In hypothyroidism, the thyroid gas prices going up in michigan gland doesn’t respond fully to TSH, so not enough T3 and T4 reach the body’s organs, and functions begin to slow. The pituitary releases more and more TSH in an effort to stimulate thyroid hormone production. That’s why TSH levels in the blood are high when thyroid function is low.

• Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. This disease causes most hypothyroidism. The immune system makes antibodies that attack the thyroid gland, which may enlarge (producing a goiter up electricity bill payment online) or shrink in response and lose its ability to produce adequate thyroid hormone. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis tends to run in families and is much more common in women than in men, particularly as they get older. The condition is also associated with other autoimmune diseases, including type 1 diabetes, Addison’s disease, rheumatoid arthritis, pernicious anemia, and even prematurely gray hair. In people with a genetic susceptibility, the onset of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis can be triggered by factors such as high iodine intake, pregnancy, or cigarette electricity 3 phase vs single phase smoking.

• Surgery. Surgical removal of all or part of the thyroid gland is sometimes necessary in treating thyroid cancer, nodules, goiter, or an overactive thyroid. But removing the entire gland causes permanent hypothyroidism, and thyroid hormone replacement is required. If the gland is partially removed, it may or may not be able to make sufficient thyroid hormone.

• Radiation treatment or exposure. Radioactive iodine taken to treat an overactive thyroid gland can damage the gland, causing permanent hypothyroidism. Radiation treatment for Hodgkin 3 gases in the atmosphere’s disease, lymphoma, and cancers of the head and neck may have the same effect. Radiation (and surgery) can also damage the pituitary gland, a key player in the production of thyroid hormones.

Inflammation of the thyroid gland (thyroiditis) may occur after a viral infection, pregnancy (postpartum thyroiditis), or an autoimmune attack. Sometimes an episode of temporary thyroiditis will cause a bout of overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), as the inflamed gland releases too much thyroid hormone, followed by a period of hypothyroidism. In some people, the hypothyroidism becomes permanent.

Some medications can suppress thyroid hormone production. These include the heart arrhythmia drug amiodarone (Cordarone); the psychiatric medication lithium; interferon alpha, which is used to treat hepatitis C and certain types of leukemia and other cancers; and the cancer drug electricity facts label interleukin-2. Drugs taken to treat an overactive thyroid — methimazole (Tapazole, Thiamazole) and propylthiouracil (PTU) — may overcorrect the problem, converting an overactive thyroid into an underactive one. Diagnosing hypothyroidism

If you have any low thyroid symptoms, see your clinician for a physical exam. You’ll be checked for signs of hypothyroidism, such as an enlarged thyroid gland, dry skin, hair loss, weight gain, and elevated cholesterol levels. Your clinician may test your blood for levels of thyroid-stimulating 6 gas laws hormone (TSH) — the single best screening test for thyroid disease — as well as the thyroid hormone thyroxine (T4). You’ll most likely get one of the following results:

• Subclinical hypothyroidism. If your TSH is elevated (above 4.5 mU/L) and the amount of available (free) T4 is normal (0.8–2.0 ng/dL), you have subclinical hypothyroidism. There’s no agreed-upon approach to managing this condition. The symptoms may or may not be due to borderline thyroid function, and not everyone who does have subclinical disease will progress to full-fledged, or primary, hypothyroidism. Most physicians decide what to do based on a woman’s symptoms and family history. This may involve a trial of thyroid medication to see if you feel better.

Hypothyroidism is usually treated with a daily dose of synthetic T4 (levothyroxine sodium), in pill form. Levothyroxine works exactly like your own electricity and magnetism worksheets 4th grade body’s thyroid hormone. It’s available in the generic form and under such brand names as Levothroid, Levoxyl, and Synthroid electricity bill payment hyderabad. Although all brands contain the same synthetic T4, their inactive ingredients can vary, possibly affecting absorption, so it’s best to stick with one brand. Also, if you’re prescribed a particular brand and the pharmacy switches to a generic version, let your physician know. If your hypothyroidism is permanent, you’ll need to take synthetic T4 for the rest of your life. Some patients also require a small dose of T3 (Cytomel).

The goal of drug treatment is to lower your TSH to about the midpoint of normal range and maintain it at that level. Typically, you’ll start with a relatively low dose and have your TSH checked six to eight weeks later. If necessary electricity voltage in usa, your physician will adjust the dose, repeating this process until your TSH is in the normal range. Physicians must be careful not to give you too much because excessive doses can stress the heart and increase your risk for osteoporosis by accelerating bone turnover. Once the right dose is established, your TSH and possibly T4 levels will be checked every six months to a year.