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Kuwait has one of the highest per capita electricity consumption in the world. The country’s use of around 15,722kWh of electricity per person in 2012 placed it among the world’s top five in terms of electricity consumption. gasco abu dhabi To put this profligate usage in context, much larger and highly industrialized countries such as Germany, France and the UK, all used less than half of Kuwait’s per capita consumption.

A primary reason for Kuwait’s extravagant electricity consumption is the highly subsidized rate at which it is made available to the public. The production cost of electricity in Kuwait is estimated to be around 38fils per kWh, but it is sold to consumers at a subsidized unit price of two fils per kWh. This unit price has remained unchanged for nearly 50 years, since it revised down from 27fils per kWh in 1966. In the 2012-13 financial year the government spent nearly half of its KD6.3 billion consumer services subsidy on subsidizing electricity.

With oil prices falling sharply since mid-2014, the government is keenly aware that it needs to rein-in its unsustainable subsidy programs. electricity and magnetism lecture notes However, a proposal by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to help cut the cost of subsidies through a tariff structure based on usage, did not meet with approval from parliament. The IMF recommendations were designed to generate additional revenues of up to one percent of GDP and could have potentially reduced usage by nearly 20 percent.

According to Arab Union of Electricity, in 2013, Kuwait had an installed electricity generation capacity of 15.7GW but with a 44 percent capacity factor the average output has been only around 7GW. With a peak demand of 12.1GW reached in 2013, government-run power utilities are finding it increasingly difficult to meet the growth in demand, which has averaged around 5 percent annually over the last decade.

The first phase of Al-Zour IWPP, which is expected to be completed and commissioned by the fourth quarter of 2016, would have a power and water desalination capacity of 1,500MW of energy and 102 million imperial gallons per day (MIGD) of drinking water. When completed, the total capacity of all four phases of Al-Zour North would be 4,800MW of electricity and approximately 280MIGD of desalinated water.

A second PPP project in the planning stage is the Al-Khairan IWPP, which will have a combined electricity production and water desalination capacity of 2,500MW and 125MIGD respectively. o gastronomo buffet The government is also looking to add two smaller expansion plants with 500MW each as a short-term solution to meet the rising power needs. When commissioned as planned and completed on schedule, these initiatives are projected to meet Kuwait’s electricity demands well into 2030.

In line with its shift towards more sustainable power generation, Kuwait is also aiming to generate at least five percent of its electricity from renewable sources by 2020 and 15 percent by 2030, mainly from its abundant solar radiation. Kuwait gets one of the highest daily solar radiation in the world of around 8,000Whr/m2, but so far this has remained unharnessed. gas x strips walmart Solar power is not only more efficient and cheaper compared to other sources of renewable energy but is also very environmentally friendly.

The Abdaliya Integrated Solar Combined Cycle Project is designed as the first solar-thermal power plant in Kuwait. The total capacity of the power plant will be 280MW with contribution from solar being 60MW. An additional benefit to this plant is that its CO2 emissions will be 48,000 tons less than that emitted by a conventional plant of comparable capacity.

Kuwait is reliant on the burning of fossil fuels for its energy and water production. gas x side effects According to Kuwait’s Ministry of Electricity and Water (MEW), electricity consumption is growing at almost 8 percent a year, which means that generating capacity has to be doubled every decade. By 2030, approximately 900,000 barrels of oil per day will be used to cover the demand for electricity and water.

This will be one-third of Kuwait’s oil production. Such demand will pose significant challenge to the energy sector’s capacity in terms of fuel and infrastructure. e85 gas stations in san antonio tx In order to diversify its energy mix, Kuwait has set its renewable energy goal to increase share of renewable energy generation to 15 percent by 2030, which will be roughly equivalent to 4.5 GW of power production.

Electricity produced from renewables will ensure Kuwait’s energy security in the future, as less oil and gas has to be consumed domestically thus freeing up more oil for exports to increase the country’s revenues. Renewable energy will also positively contribute to the economy through job creation, attracting investment, and private sector growth. Renewable energy technologies will allow Kuwait to tackle the twin issues of air pollution and carbon emissions.

With numerous projects in the pipeline, the focus now should be on implementing projects in a timely manner, building necessary local capabilities and on developing new projects to be able to reach the target. gas 4 less In addition, setting a vision reflects the government commitment towards renewable energy, while the next logical step would be to develop a comprehensive renewable energy framework with supporting policies and regulations to attract more investments.

Demonstrating success in Kuwait will open up additional opportunities for its finance sector and help Kuwait attain an international role in the renewable space and more importantly in achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. Realizing the opportunity will require close collaboration between policy makers, research institutes, oil sector and financial institutions.

Speaking ahead of the Summit, the GCC Secretary-General Abdullatif Al-Zayani said, “The GCC leaders will discuss a number of important issues pertaining to the GCC joint action, and the achievements made so far within the framework of the GCC integration and cooperation in political, defense, economic and legal fields.” He added the leaders will examine the reports and recommendations submitted by relevant specialized GCC ministerial committees and the General Secretariat.

The GCC chief also said that the session would also review the latest regional and international political developments and security situations in the region. He hoped that the summit would bring about constructive and fruitful outcomes that would deepen GCC cooperation and integration in various fields and realize the aspirations of its citizens for greater solidarity, cohesion and support to face all challenges and maintain the security and stability of the GCC countries and the region.

Regional security is another key point at this year’s summit. In late November, at a GCC forum held in Riyadh to discuss the new American policy towards Iran, the GCC Assistant Secretary General for Political Affairs and Negotiations, Dr. gas station near me open Abdulaziz Hamad Al-Owaishek emphasized the importance of strengthening the Council’s foreign relations in all areas to thwart Iran’s destabilizing activities in the region. He called for working with friendly and brotherly countries to ensure compliance with sanctions to push Iran to change its behavior in the region, and commit to the principles of international law and legitimacy.