Theresa may accused of trying to bribe the public with cash handouts for fracking _ daily mail online

If the Government continues to block the £18billion Hinkley Point deal, it urgently needs alternative energy supplies to stop the lights going out in the UK in the decades ahead.

The new move could spark a shale gas rush in the UK as the cash incentives neutralise opposition to fracking from local residents at a stroke.

Among the many unanswered questions about the plan, which is at a very early stage, are whether the payments would be tax-free, capped, and paid over time or in a one-off sum.

Sceptics will also argue that no one knows the long-term effects of the extraction method whose side-effects are fiercely contested by supporters and critics.

Critics claim ground water can become contaminated, but supporters say hydraulic fracking has never caused drinking water supplies to be affected.

In 2011 two small tremors – the biggest measuring 2.3 on the Richter scale – were felt in Blackpool during drilling by energy firm Cuadrilla.

A well-placed source said: ‘The PM wants to spread the benefits of shale gas so that some of the proceeds are paid directly to local residents.

She is changing the consultation process so that the principle of direct benefit to households can become a blueprint for other schemes to deliver an economy that works for everyone.’

If the household fracking payments are a success Mrs May could extend it to the existing Community Infrastructure Levy, whereby councils get a share of the proceeds of major projects – producing more windfalls for households.

It involves drilling a well then pumping water, sand and chemicals in at high pressure. Electricity transformer health risks This fractures the rock, helping to extract the oil and gas.

Fracking – shorthand for hydraulic fracturing – is a way of mining vast reserves of shale gas and oil. Electricity words It involves drilling into the earth and injecting shale rock with a high-pressure mix of water, sand and chemicals to release the gas or oil. Gas definition science The UK is believed to be sitting on enough gas to provide energy for up to 500 years.

It could give us power security and is cheaper than other forms of energy. 1 unit electricity cost in tamilnadu It is estimated there are only another 30 to 40 years of North Sea oil production left and there are concerns with EDF’s plan to build a nuclear reactor at Hinkley Point.

In order to keep the lights on, the UK will have to look at ways of expanding where it gets energy. Electricity trading jobs Huge gas reserves have been identified in the UK, particularly in central and northern England. La gas prices average Estimates suggest there could be as much as 1,300 trillion cubic feet of shale gas under 11 counties. Electricity trading hedge funds The industry says it could create 74,000 jobs.

The way in which the gas is mined has been blamed for causing earthquakes. V gashi 2013 In countries where fracking is widespread there have been several non-natural quakes and there were two small tremors near Blackpool when fracking began there in 2011.

There are also concerns that living near a fracking site could affect house prices. Electricity billy elliot broadway Last year an internal government report revealed fracking was likely to wipe up to seven per cent off the price of homes in a one mile radius of a fracking site. Electricity definition science Some are also worried about site traffic and health conditions caused by machinery noise, as well as the potential for contamination of the water table.

In total, the Government has granted licences to companies covering around 12,000 square miles across the UK, including around such protected areas as the Peak District, Exmoor, the South Downs and the Lake District. Electricity resistance questions MPs last year gave approval for fracking under National Parks but the wells themselves must be outside – so the companies must drill sideways to get to the shale reserves. Z gas el salvador In the latest round, licences were granted for exploratory drilling at 53 sites of special scientific interest and three RSPB nature reserves.

What will happen next? Britain has changed its planning rules to allow government intervention to approve or reject shale gas drilling permits and it is thought this could lead to a boom in fracking operations, with the first gas expected to come on to the market next year. Electricity symbols and units Many applications have already led to protests.

In 2014 David Cameron said business rates from fracking would go to councils. B games car Mrs May’s move would see this instead go to householders and could lead to increases in shale gas mining as homeowners support schemes in the hope of cashing in.

Exploitation of new oil and gas reserves by fracking shale rock has transformed the US economy since it started just 11 years ago – creating at least a million jobs and slashing electricity bills and greenhouse gas emissions.

The Marcellus shale bed in Pennsylvania is thought by geologists to contain enough gas to power and heat every home in America for 50 to 100 years. Electricity sources in canada Yet a few hundred feet beneath it lies another giant formation, the Utica, that contains enough gas for a further century.

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