Transport in iran – wikipedia electricity wikipedia simple english


Trains operate on 11,106 km (6,942 mi) of railroad track. [3] The country’s major port of entry is Bandar-Abbas on the Strait of Hormuz. After arriving in Iran, imported goods are distributed throughout the country by trucks and freight trains. The Tehran- Bandar-Abbas railroad, opened in 1995, connects Bandar-Abbas to the railroad system of Central Asia via Tehran and Mashhad 1 unit electricity cost in andhra pradesh. Other major ports include Bandar e-Anzali and Bandar e-Torkeman on the Caspian Sea and Khorramshahr and Bandar-e Emam Khomeyni on the Persian Gulf.

Dozens of cities have airports that serve passenger and cargo planes. Iran Air, the national airline, was founded in 1962 and operates domestic and international flights. All large cities have mass transit systems using buses, and several private companies provide bus service between cities. Tehran, Mashhad, Shiraz, Tabriz, Ahwaz and Esfahan have underground mass transit rail lines, in different stages of operation and construction.

Transport in Iran is inexpensive because of the government’s subsidization of the price of gasoline. The downside is a huge draw on government coffers, economic inefficiency because of highly wasteful consumption patterns, contraband with neighboring countries and air pollution. In 2008, more than one million people worked in the transportation sector, accounting for 9% of GDP. [4]

The Tehran Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) is a rapid transit system serving Tehran which was officially inaugurated in 2008. The electricity trading hedge funds BRT has a network of over 150 kilometres, transporting 1.8 million passengers on a daily basis. [11] The BRT has a total of ten lines with a further expansion planned to bring the total length to 300 kilometres. The price of Tehran’s BRT is somewhere between 4,000IRR s gashi to 9,500IRR ($0.15 to $0.35 USD).

The Mashhad Urban Railway is urban rail line in Mashhad, construction on line one began in 1999 and was opened on 24 April 2011. Line two has also been opened recently and finished construction. Furthermore, four other lines are either being constructed or are planned to be. Mashhad Urban Railway operates its single line from 6:30 to 21:30 daily. It has a daily ridership of 130 000 passengers and has a total length of 24 kilometres (14.9 mi).

The Shiraz Metro is a rapid transit system in Shiraz. Line one was officially inaugurated on 11 October 2014 after being in construction electricity facts since 2011; the single line has a length of 10.5 kilometres (6.5 mi) and stops at six stations. Line 2 is currently under construction and has a length of 15 kilometres (9.3 mi). The metro currently has a daily ridership of 500 000 passengers with 27 trains in operation.

• All ports: Abadan (largely destroyed in fighting during 1980-88 war), Ahvaz, Bandar Abbas, Bandar-e Anzali (Caspian sea), Bushehr, Bandar-e Emam Khomeyni, Bandar-e Lengeh, Bandar-e Mahshahr, Bandar-e Torkaman (Caspian sea), Chabahar ( Bandar-e Beheshti), Kharg island, Lavan island, Sirri island, Khorramshahr (limited operation since November 1992), Noshahr (Caspian sea), Arvand Kenar.

• Major Export Terminals (loading capacity): Kharg Island 5,000,000 bbl/d (790,000 m 3/d), Lavan Island 200,000 bbl/d (32,000 m 3/d), Neka ( Caspian sea) 50,000 bbl/d (7,900 m 3/d), Assaluyeh 250,000 bbl/d (40,000 m 3/d) gas liquids, Kish Island, Abadan (aka Bandar-e Eman Khomeyni) and Bandar Mahshahr (latter 2 are used mostly by NPC for petrochemicals export). [20]

• Kharg Island: is the largest and main export terminal in Iran. Roughly 90% of Iran’s exports are sent via Kharg. Kharg’s loading system has a capacity of 5.0 million bbl/d. The terminal processes all onshore production (the Iranian Heavy and Iranian Light Blends) and offshore production from the Froozan field (the Froozan Blend). The Kharg terminal includes the main T-jetty, the Sea Island that is located on the west side of Kharg, and the Dariush terminal to the south table d gaskets. Kharg Island relies on storage to ensure even operations, and its current storage capacity is expected to increase to 28 million barrels of oil in 2014. [21]

• Lavan Island, mostly handles exports of the Lavan Blend sourced from offshore fields. Lavan is Iran’s highest-quality export grade and one of Iran’s smallest streams. Lavan’s production averaged less than 100,000 bbl/d in 2013, but the Lavan facilities have the capacity to process 200,000 bbl/d of crude oil. Lavan has a two-berth jetty, which can accommodate vessels up to 250,000 deadweight tons. Lavan’s storage capacity is 5.5 million barrels. [21]

In September 2009, Iran gsa 2016 calendar formally joined the Transport Corridor Europe – Caucasus – Asia ( TRACECA) programme, also known as the new Silk Road. TRACECA was founded in 1998 with the aim of promoting economic relations, trade and transport communications between Europe, the Caucasus and Asia. This programme consists of the EU and 14 member states (including Iran) from Eastern Europe and the Caucasus. Iran’s strategic location means that it is a key transport corridor between Europe and Central Asia.

In August 2010 electricity invented, Iran declared that it did not sign on to TRACECA project and said it has been fostering improved transport links through a series of bilateral agreements with neighboring states instead. [41] According to Iran’s first Vice-President Mohammad-Reza Rahimi If all the potential of the country’s transit sector is tapped, it can bring in as much revenues as [the] oil [industry]. He also announced that Iran will join China and Europe by rail in the near future. [42] See also [ edit ]