Trouble code p1cea gas in oil mower


EVAPORATIVE SYSTEM OVERVIEW: The Powertrain Control Module (PCM) monitors the Evaporative Emission System operation. The primary concern being monitored is the integrity of the system against leaks. The basic strategy used is that in a sealed system, pressure will naturally increase or decrease in relation to temperature. As temperature increases, so does pressure inside the system. And conversely, as temperature decreases, pressure in the system will decrease as well and will eventually turn into a vacuum if no leaks are present. Even the smallest of leaks can be accurately detected in this manner. The ESIM has multiple functions. There are two weighted seals that keep the system normally closed from the atmosphere. The weighted seals are used to maintain the system pressure between +1 inch of water and -2 inches of water. Anytime (engine-on or engine-off) that pressure or vacuum reaches these thresholds, the weights will lift and provide relief. There is also an internal vacuum actuated switch that closes when the vacuum reaches a calibrated value. This is beneficial because the induced vacuum during a subsequent declining temperature will achieve the switch closed (pass threshold) sooner than if the tank had to decay from a higher built up pressure.

ESIM SWITCH STUCK CLOSED MONITOR: At ignition off, the state of the ESIM switch is evaluated. If the switch is open, a pass flag is set and PCM will complete power down. If the switch is closed, the PCM will wait a calibrated delay time and open the OBD Vent Valve. This should vent the vacuum in the Fuel Tank to atmosphere through the Intake Manifold. If the switch opens, a pass flag is set and the PCM will power down. If the PCM detects that the ESIM switch is still closed after a calibrated time, an error is detected and a switch stuck closed failure is set at the next engine run cycle.

SMALL LEAK MONITOR: This is an accumulative monitor and the data from each valid event is recorded and added to the previously recorded events. The PCM timer records the engine on/drive cycle and engine off time for each small leak monitor event. For an event to be valid the PCM must see;

The accumulative monitor will increment and start over after both timers have reached a calibrated threshold (Engine on – 100 minutes and Engine off – 4200 minutes). When the monitor has exceeded the calibrated accumulated engine on and engine off thresholds, the system is evaluated and the accumulated timer starts over.

Immediately after start-up, while the engine is cold, the Purge Solenoid is opened to create a vacuum in the evaporative system to a calibrated vacuum point that is beyond the ESIM Switch closing threshold. The pass/fail time will vary based on the total fuel volume at the time of the test.

•If vacuum is created and the switch has closed, the PCM monitors how long it takes for the switch to open. If the switch stays closed longer than a maximum calibrated time before opening, it is determined that a large leak is not present and the Small Leak Monitor will continue to run until the accumulative monitor increments. If no ESIM Switch closures were recorded during the entire increment, it is determined that a small leak is present (P0456)

PURGE FLOW MONITOR: The operation of the Purge Solenoid and evaporative purge flow is monitored using inputs from the ESIM Switch and Fuel Tank Pressure Sensor. The Purge Flow Monitor will only run if the Small Leak Monitor recorded a pass on the previous ignition off event and the test data was valid. Because the leak detection diagnostics can only verify that the fuel tank system is sealed while the purge valve is closed, it cannot determine if the purge line between the solenoid and Intake Manifold is pinched or leaking. The Purge Flow Monitor is needed to verify these failure modes. The Purge Flow Monitor works on the premise that as flow through the system increases, so does the pressure drop in the system. The PCM monitors the Fuel Tank Pressure Sensor and looks for increasing vacuum in the Fuel Tank with increasing purge flow. Conversely, it looks for decreasing vacuum in the Fuel Tank with decreasing flow.

•With the engine running and enable conditions met, the non-intrusive purge monitor looks for a calibrated increase in vacuum in the fuel tank with increased purge flow, referred to as phase 1. If phase 1 passes, the purge monitor looks for a calibrated decrease in vacuum in the Fuel Tank with decreasing purge flow, referred to as phase 2. If phase 2 passes, the purge monitor is complete. If the purge flow monitor fails either phase, or does not complete both phases within a specified time, an intrusive test is initiated to verify the results from the non-intrusive test.

•The intrusive diagnostic uses the same two phases to analyze the system. However, the intrusive test actuates the Purge Solenoid such that the differences are much more pronounced allowing a more accurate test result. If the PCM detects a failure during the intrusive test, a purge system performance fault is set (P0441).

PURGE FLOW MONITOR IN BOOST: Turbocharged engines purge while the engine is in boost. This is achieved by having additional purge hoses and Hardware. The Boost purge monitor is used to check that this part of the Evaporative emissions system is correctly operating. The Purge flow monitor in boost is enabled to run this trip the exact same way as Purge Flow Monitor.

•The Monitor waits a calibrated time while stabilized boost is achieved, it then turns on the OBD Bypass Valve (#19) to relieve vacuum only. It then turns on the purge and the monitor looks for only a phase 1 decrease in vacuum in the fuel tank. If the vacuum cannot be achieved the monitor fails. (P1CEA)