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Over the years, the lineman profession has changed with the evolution of technology. America operates using an electric grid designed and installed in the late 19th century, according to the U.S. Department of Energy. Over the decades, line contractors have worked to upgrade power lines and transformers with newer and more technologically advanced equipment.

A new wave of technology promises to revolutionize the outside electrician profession. The energy industry is preparing to create a new “smart grid” infrastructure to power the technology that is redefining our future. gas in babies that breastfeed The smart grid will distribute energy generated from traditional sources such as coal burning and hydroelectric power plants, as well as green energy sources such as solar and wind farms. The new infrastructure will incorporate the mechanics of power generation with digital and computer monitoring, sensing and control technology. electricity demand The large-scale revamp calls for the coordinated skills of all three types of electrical contractors. Integrated Building Systems Contractors

Integrated building systems (IBS) electricians – also called voice/data/video electrical (VDV) contractors – primarily work with technologies that make houses and offices functional abodes and workspaces. Like inside contractors, IBS electricians work in the interior and within the perimeter of houses and buildings, installing technical products such as wireless networks, fiber optic infrastructure, backup power supplies, security systems and climate controls.

This 21st-century career stems from the growth of home automation that controls everything from power generation to streaming entertainment. IBS contractors must integrate complex systems, comprising different types of technology, to work in concert. For example, an IBS contractor might install a smart home system that integrates a home security system with Wi-Fi enabled closed-circuit cameras and automated light fixtures that must activate simultaneously during a burglary.

The tasks of an IBS contractor constantly change as new technology arrives at the marketplace. Emerging technologies such as smart windows, which control the amount of natural light that enters a home or building, will play a major role in energy conservation and comfort control. IBS contractors must stay abreast of the latest smart-building technologies and learn to integrate them seamlessly with existing infrastructure.

As renewable energy and off-grid construction become more common, the role of the IBS electrician will increase. In future constructions, home and building plans will call for a variety of power-generating features such as solar wall curtains and photovoltaic roof tiles, which an IBS contractor must integrate with battery supply units and electric distribution systems. IBS contractors will install, maintain and repair smart-home features and optimize them for maximum control and energy efficiency.

IBS contractors also install and optimize telecommunication and entertainment systems. 850 gas block For example, a building contractor might hire an IBS contractor to install a Wi-Fi internet system that provides complete coverage in a multistory office building. A family might turn to an IBS contractor to install Bluetooth-enabled speakers throughout their house or a Wi-Fi enabled lighting system that integrates with retractable skylights. Electrician Job Classifications

Most employers seek linemen, inside electricians and IBS electricians who have earned at least a high school diploma. Many prefer candidates who have completed a certificate or associate degree program in disciplines such as telecommunications, electronics or electrical utilities from a community college or technical school. Technical school certificate programs typically take about one year to complete, while an associate degree program takes around two years.

Most apprenticeships are paid and consist of about 2,000 hours per year of hands-on and classroom training. que gases componen el aire Classroom studies provide foundational knowledge and include subjects such as mathematics, electrical theory, building code requirements, blueprint literacy and first-aid procedures. electricity static electricity Hands-on training may include practical exercises working with home electrical systems or building features such as elevators, communication infrastructure and security systems.

During the apprenticeship, the apprentice serves as an assistant to an experienced electrician. Typically, the experienced electrician tasks the apprentice with basic duties during the beginning of the program and slowly increases the complexity of tasks as the apprentice progresses. Beginning tasks might include troubleshooting a defective electrical outlet, while advanced duties might focus on wiring a home according to schematics and diagrams.

Although electricians do not need a license, they can earn certification from industry organizations, which can enhance their careers by making their skill more marketable. For example, a telecommunications lineman can earn a fiber optics certification from the Fiber Optics Association. The Electrical Training Alliance offers several types of certifications for outside and inside electricians. Journeyman Electrician

Most journeymen have accumulated a variety of skills in installing, maintaining and repairing electrical features of houses, office buildings and others types of commercial structures. A journeyman may have experience working with heating and cooling systems, internal wiring, smart home systems and lighting equipment. electricity 101 pdf A journeyman lineman may have years of experience installing and repairing electrical transformers, and an IBS journeyman might be an expert in installing solar power systems.

Mistakes in the electrician trade can lead to serious injuries or death, often caused by electrocution or fire. Electricians must apply sound critical-thinking skills when installing electrical wiring and diagnosing defective electrical systems. Likewise, electricians need good communication skills to avoid accidents and injuries when working with other people at construction sites.

A U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) survey of linemen revealed a median income of nearly $70,000 in 2017. The median income represents the center of the occupation’s pay scale. Line contractors who work in telecommunications earned a median salary of around $54,000, with top earners taking home nearly $93,000. Linemen who install power lines made around $75,000. Line contractors at the top of the pay scale made around $100,000.

Job opportunities for indoor and IBS electricians are set to increase by around 9 percent through 2026. IBS electricians who work with green technology such as solar photovoltaic and wind energy generation equipment should see the biggest increase in jobs. grade 9 electricity unit test answers Often, electricians who specialize in alternative energy production find the most opportunities in states and cities that offer incentives for green energy installations.